Debt in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Re United Railways of Havana and Regla Warehouses Ltd; Tomkinson v First Pennsylvania Banking and Trust Company
    • Court of Appeal
    • 08 Diciembre 1958

    The contractual right to receive payment of a debt is an item of property, that is to say, a chose in action. It can be transferred by the creditor to a third party but the validity of the transfer necessarily depends upon the lex situs because the Courts of the country where the debt is have jurisdiction over the title to it. Moreover, in novation a creditor may be vitally prejudiced, whereas it is immaterial to a debtor to whom he pays his debt provided that he gets a good discharge for it.

  • Re Lines Brothers. Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 11 Febrero 1982

    There is no particular reason, in the field of abstract justice, why the currency risk should be borne by one description of creditor rather than by another description of creditor when they are all directed to rank pari passu. The just course, as it seems to me, is to value the foreign debt once and for all at an appropriate date, and to keep to that rate of conversion throughout the liquidation until all debts have been paid in full.

    If the creditor petitions to wind up a company, or claims in a liquidation initiated by others, he is not engaged in proceedings to establish the company's liability or the quantum of the liability (although liability and quantum may be put in issue) but to enforce the liability. The liquidation of an insolvent company is a process of collective enforcement of debts for the benefit of the general body of creditors.

  • Banque Financiere de la Cite v Parc (Battersea) Ltd and Others
    • House of Lords
    • 26 Febrero 1998

    It is a means by which the court regulates the legal relationships between a plaintiff and a defendant or defendants in order to prevent unjust enrichment. It is a means by which the court regulates the legal relationships between a plaintiff and a defendant or defendants in order to prevent unjust enrichment.

  • S.C.F. Finance Company Ltd v Masri (No. 3)
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 16 Julio 1986

    That is well established as a principle of discretion on which the Court acts."

  • Aberdeen Construction Group Ltd v Commissioners of Inland Revenue
    • House of Lords
    • 15 Febrero 1978

    The decisions were on different statutes inter se and from the Finance Act 1965 and it is difficult to find any clear common principle underlying them, but taking such guidance as they do provide leads me to think that the only basis on which a distinction can be drawn is between a pure unsecured debt as between the original borrower and lender on the one hand and a debt (which may be unsecured) which has, if not a marketable character at least such characteristics as enable it to be dealt in and if necessary converted into shares or other securities.

  • Salford Estates (No. 2) Ltd v Altomart Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 08 Diciembre 2014

    For the reasons I have given, I consider that, as a matter of the exercise of the court's discretion under IA 1986 s. 122(1)(f), it was right for the court either to dismiss or to stay the Petition so as to compel the parties to resolve their dispute over the debt by their chosen method of dispute resolution rather than require the court to investigate whether or not the debt is bona fide disputed on substantial grounds.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • Debt Management
    • Part II. Actions and Responses
    • Stop Vulture Lawsuits
    • Poornimah Devi Sookun
    • 63-71
    5.1 What is public debt management? - 5.2 Why is public debt management important? - 5.3 How to achieve effective debt management - 5.4 Identifying loans which are targets for vulture funds
  • Government Debt
    • Nbr. 1-3, December 2010
    • Political Insight
  • The Debt Crisis
    • Nbr. 55-2, June 2000
    • International Journal
    • Nbr. 35-4, November 1988
    • Scottish Journal of Political Economy
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