Distribution in UK Law

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Leading Cases
  • Sportswear SpA v Four Marketing Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 11 April 2006

    I do not decide that the Defendant's position on either of these points is necessarily right as a matter of law, even if the necessary facts can be established. But it does seem to me that the points are sufficiently arguable for it to be wrong to strike these paragraphs out of the Defence.

  • Pelkey Bicknell v Foxtons Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 23 April 2008

    However, while such a term will relatively readily be implied into an estate agency contract, it was made clear by Viscount Simon in Luxor (Eastbourne) v Cooper [1941] AC 108 at 119 that, where there is an argument whether or not such a term is to be implied, the issue should be resolved by reference to the normal rules relating to implication of terms.

    First, the term identified in Article 57 of Bowstead is “very readily” implied, especially in a residential consumer context, unless the provisions of the particular contract or the facts of the particular case negative it (see per Woolf LJ in Brian Cooper at 19H-J and per Longmore LJ in County Homesearch at para 11). Sixthly, where the term is implied, the burden is on the agent seeking the commission to establish that he was the effective cause (see per Staughton LJ in Chasen Ryder at 28G).

    It seems to me that there are two possible readings of the expression “a purchaser” in the phrase “a purchaser introduced by us”. The first, which is favoured by Foxtons and was adopted by the Judge, is that the expression means “a person who at some time in the future becomes a purchaser”. The alternative reading, advanced on behalf of Mrs Bicknell, is that the expression means “a person who becomes a purchaser as a result of our introduction”.

  • R (Al-Skeini) v Secretary of State for Defence
    • House of Lords
    • 13 June 2007

    I would respectfully suggest that last sentence could as well have ended: "no less, but certainly no more." There seems to me, indeed, a greater danger in the national court construing the Convention too generously in favour of an applicant than in construing it too narrowly.

  • Secret Hotels2 Ltd (Formerly Med Hotels Ltd) v The Commissioners for HM Revenue and Customs
    • Supreme Court
    • 05 March 2014

    When interpreting an agreement, the court must have regard to the words used, to the provisions of the agreement as whole, to the surrounding circumstances in so far as they were known to both parties, and to commercial common sense. When deciding on the categorisation of a relationship governed by a written agreement, the label or labels which the parties have used to describe their relationship cannot be conclusive, and may often be of little weight.

  • Kenneth Allison Ltd and Others v A E Limehouse & Company
    • House of Lords
    • 17 October 1991

    Like my noble and learned friend, Lord Bridge of Harwich, I am satisfied that Mr. Vallance's first submission must fail. Prima facie, the process server must hand the relevant document to the person upon whom it has to be served. The only concession to practicality is that, if that person will not accept the document, the process server may tell him what the document contains and leave it with him or near him (see Ord. 65, r. 2 and the notes to that rule in the Supreme Court Practice).

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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
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  • Order for distribution of a Lloyd's Estate
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Chancery forms, including claim forms and applications for orders.
  • Chapter SAIM5130
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    • HM Revenue & Customs
    .... . . Non-qualifying distributions did not carry tax credit: tax years up to 2015-16. ITTOIA05/S400, which was repealed by FA16/S5 and SCH1 for tax years after 2015-16, applied when ......
  • Chapter IFM02220
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    .... . . Distribution. In each distribution period an AIF must distribute the total amount available for distribution shown in the accounts as available for distribution ......
  • Chapter CG57828
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    .... . . Shareholders will often receive more than one capital distribution during the winding up of a company. Each distribution, other than the final one, is treated as a part disposal of shares so the residual value of the ......
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