Distribution in UK Law

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Leading Cases
  • Sportswear SpA v Four Marketing Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 11 Abr 2006

    I do not decide that the Defendant's position on either of these points is necessarily right as a matter of law, even if the necessary facts can be established. But it does seem to me that the points are sufficiently arguable for it to be wrong to strike these paragraphs out of the Defence.

  • Pelkey Bicknell v Foxtons Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 23 Abr 2008

    However, while such a term will relatively readily be implied into an estate agency contract, it was made clear by Viscount Simon in Luxor (Eastbourne) v Cooper [1941] AC 108 at 119 that, where there is an argument whether or not such a term is to be implied, the issue should be resolved by reference to the normal rules relating to implication of terms.

    First, the term identified in Article 57 of Bowstead is “very readily” implied, especially in a residential consumer context, unless the provisions of the particular contract or the facts of the particular case negative it (see per Woolf LJ in Brian Cooper at 19H-J and per Longmore LJ in County Homesearch at para 11). Sixthly, where the term is implied, the burden is on the agent seeking the commission to establish that he was the effective cause (see per Staughton LJ in Chasen Ryder at 28G).

    It seems to me that there are two possible readings of the expression “a purchaser” in the phrase “a purchaser introduced by us”. The first, which is favoured by Foxtons and was adopted by the Judge, is that the expression means “a person who at some time in the future becomes a purchaser”. The alternative reading, advanced on behalf of Mrs Bicknell, is that the expression means “a person who becomes a purchaser as a result of our introduction”.

  • R (Al-Skeini) v Secretary of State for Defence
    • House of Lords
    • 13 Jun 2007

    I would respectfully suggest that last sentence could as well have ended: "no less, but certainly no more." There seems to me, indeed, a greater danger in the national court construing the Convention too generously in favour of an applicant than in construing it too narrowly.

  • Secret Hotels2 Ltd (Formerly Med Hotels Ltd) v The Commissioners for HM Revenue and Customs
    • Supreme Court
    • 05 Mar 2014

    When interpreting an agreement, the court must have regard to the words used, to the provisions of the agreement as whole, to the surrounding circumstances in so far as they were known to both parties, and to commercial common sense. When deciding on the categorisation of a relationship governed by a written agreement, the label or labels which the parties have used to describe their relationship cannot be conclusive, and may often be of little weight.

  • Stephen Burney v The London Mews Company Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 07 May 2003

    London Mews were appointed sole agents by the vendor to sell Mr Burney's property. They prepared particulars and they advertised the property.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • THE BRADFORD DISTRIBUTION
    • Núm. 23-3, Marzo 1967
    • Journal of Documentation
    • 197-207
    The distribution of references in a collection of pertinent source documents can be described and predicted by the relation where the parameter ß is related to the subject field and the completenes...
  • RETAIL DISTRIBUTION: SOME REGIONAL COMPARISONS
    • Núm. 4-3, Noviembre 1957
    • Scottish Journal of Political Economy
  • Fringe Benefit Distribution in Britain
    • Núm. 23-2, Julio 1985
    • British Journal of Industrial Relations
  • Testing Convergence in Income Distribution*
    • Núm. 71-2, Abril 2009
    • Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
    The generalized method of moments (GMM) estimator is often used to test for convergence in income distribution in a dynamic panel set‐up. We argue that though consistent, the GMM estimator utilizes...
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Law Firm Commentaries
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