Environmental Crimes in UK Law

  • Sentencing for Environmental Crimes: The Impact of the Sentencing Council’s Guideline: R (on the application of the Environment Agency) v Lawrence [2020] EWCA Crim 1465
    • Núm. 85-1, Febrero 2021
    • Journal of Criminal Law, The
  • Organization, operations, and success of environmental organized crime in Italy and India: A comparative analysis
    • Núm. 14-2, Marzo 2017
    • European Journal of Criminology
    Despite the devastating short- and long-term consequences of resource-related environmental crimes, rampant illegal soil and sand mining continues worldwide. In countries such as India and Italy, o...
    ...... Lavorgna University of Southampton, UK Abstract Despite the devastating short- and long-term consequences of resource-related environmental crimes, rampant illegal soil and sand mining continues worldwide. In countries such as India and Italy, organized crime groups have emerged as prominent ......
  • A sensory and visual approach for comprehending environmental victimization by the asbestos industry in Casale Monferrato
    • Núm. 16-6, Noviembre 2019
    • European Journal of Criminology
    Although Europe has banned asbestos since 2005, many of the occupational and environmental harms perpetrated by the industry are still appearing. The aim of this paper is to present a new methodolo...
    ......The aim of this paper is to present a new methodological technique to explore and map the social perception of these environmental crimes and harms. In particular, we ask: how do social actors feel about and interpret asbestos- related environmental crimes and harms? To answer this ......
  • Doing Justice to the Environment
    • Núm. 77-3, Junio 2013
    • Journal of Criminal Law, The
    This article examines some of the characteristic features of environmental offences, in particular the ways in which these offences and their treatment in the courts deviate from general principles...
    ...... This article examines some of the characteristic features of environmental offences, in particular the ways in which these offences and their ... offences or a general defence of due diligence for environmental crimes". Keywords Environmental crime; Strict liability; Causation; Magis- trates\xE2"......
  • Advancing interdisciplinary research on illegal wildlife trade using a conservation criminology framework
    • Núm. 18-6, Noviembre 2021
    • European Journal of Criminology
    Green criminologists have recently entered a period of self-assessment, critiquing the discursive nature of theory, over-reliance on case studies, and lack of interdisciplinarity in this area of st...
    ...... of empirically driven policy to address IWT and other environmental crimes and risks. Keywords Conservation criminology, green criminology, ......
  • USA: Private Prosecution of Criminal Conduct
    • Núm. 5-2, Abril 1997
    • Journal of Financial Crime
    • 130-137
    In the USA, unlike Germany, Japan, and many other nations, victims ordinarily play a very limited role in the prosecution of crimes. Indeed, victims have so little prosecutorial authority that a gr...
    ......, victims ordinarily play a very limited role in the prosecution of crimes. Indeed, victims have so little prosecutorial authority that a growing ... some important exceptions to this general rule — for many environmental and white-collar crimes, pri-vate citizens can bring actions to enforce ......
  • Criminal redress in cases of environmental victimization: a defence1
    • Núm. 23-2, Mayo 2017
    • International Review of Victimology
    In recent years, growing concern has been voiced in the environmental justice literature regarding the ability of criminal justice mechanisms to adequately address environmental harms, especially w...
    ...... ion of more adminis trative resolutio ns when corporate bo dies breach their environmentalobligations (which may or may not amoun t to ‘crimes’). Othersfavour the use of civil sanction regimes , which is now the preferredapproach of the UK Environment Agency.In this paper I will argue that ......
  • Spatial patterns of violent crimes and neighborhood characteristics in Changchun, China
    • Núm. 49-1, Marzo 2016
    • Journal of Criminology (formerly Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology)
    Crime is one of the major concerns facing Chinese cities. Using crime data compiled at police precinct level in 2008, this research examines spatial patterns of violent crimes in Changchun, and exp...
    ...... are largely in line with the routine activities theory, social disorganization theory, and the framework of crime prevention through environmental design, which emphasize the importance of opportunities, local social context, and environmental design in shaping the spatial pattern of and ......
  • Testing the reflection assumption
    • Núm. 22-3, Julio 2018
    • International Journal of Evidence & Proof, The
    In the US, experts are often called upon to provide evidence during criminal trials regarding eyewitness identification research. A key factor is probative value: to what extent are findings from l...
    ...... of eyewitness ecology, a term referring to the environmental context in which ... to capture the essential characteristics of real-world crimes (e.g. Deffenbacher, 1984; Haber and Haber, 2000; Loftus, ......
  • The crimes of first-time offenders: same or different from the crimes of habitual criminals?
    • Núm. 10-1, Enero 2020
    • Journal of Criminal Psychology
    • 1-15
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how first-time offenders and habitual criminals, while displaying wide differences in offense frequency, appear to follow a similar pattern in co...
    .......Practical implications –Because actualand perceived deterrents to crime correlateweakly, if at all, it isrecommended that perceived environmental events and criminal thinking be the primary targets ofpreventionand intervention programs.Social implications –Environmental stimuli, such as ......
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