Formal Education in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • R Hurley and Moore v Secretary of State for Business Innovation & Skills
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 17 February 2012

    In short, the decision maker must be clear precisely what the equality implications are when he puts them in the balance, and he must recognise the desirability of achieving them, but ultimately it is for him to decide what weight they should be given in the light of all relevant factors. If Ms Mountfield's submissions on this point were correct, it would allow unelected judges to review on substantive merits grounds almost all aspects of public decision making.

  • Commissioners of Inland Revenue v McMullen
    • House of Lords
    • 06 March 1980

    I am far from suggesting either that the concept of education or of physical education even for the young is capable of indefinite extension. On the contrary, I do not think that the courts have as yet explored the extent to which elements of organisation, instruction, or the disciplined inculcation of information instruction or skill may limit the whole concept of education. I believe that in some ways it will prove more extensive, in others more restrictive than has been thought hitherto.

  • Ali v Head and Governors of Lord Grey School
    • House of Lords
    • 22 March 2006

    There is no Convention guarantee of education at or by a particular institution. The test, as always under the Convention, is a highly pragmatic one, to be applied to the specific facts of the case: have the authorities of the state acted so as to deny to a pupil effective access to such educational facilities as the state provides for such pupils?

  • EA (Section 85 (4))
    • Asylum and Immigration Tribunal
    • 30 January 2007

    The correct interpretation of s85(4) is perhaps best indicated by saying that the appellant cannot succeed by showing that he would be granted leave if he made an application on the date of the hearing: he can succeed only by showing that he would be granted leave if he made, on the date of the hearing, the same application as that which resulted in the decision under appeal.

  • Re B. (Infants)
    • Court of Appeal
    • 14 July 1961

    It would appear, therefore, than there is a discretion in the local education authority which they must exercise in accordance with the terms of the statute: and there is also a duty laid upon them by section 40 (2) of the Act of 1944 to take stops prescribed in that section in the circumstances therein laid down if in their view, there is a breach of any order siade by the?

  • Ojutiku v Manpower Services Commission
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 26 May 1982

    In Steel v. Union of Post Office Workers, the point under consideration involved the corresponding provisions, in the same terms, of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975. It seems to me that the Employment Appeal Tribunal in that case put something of a gloss on the word "justifiable" by suggesting that it was equivalent, or close to having the same meaning as "necessary".

  • R (Baker) v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 26 September 2007

    The correct approach, which is the one, it seems to me, the inspector follows, is simply that it is for the applicant to establish very special circumstances that override Green Belt considerations. A need to be on or near a particular site may be one of such very special circumstance.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • Achieving Industrial Democracy. via non formal education
    • No. 2-1, January 1980
    • Employee Relations
    • 20-24
    In this article we deal with the implications of rapid technological change for the individual at the place of work in particular, but also somewhat more generally with regard to the extension of h...
  • Formal Education and Contentious Politics: The Case of Violent and Non-Violent Protest
    • No. 20-3, August 2022
    • Political Studies Review
    This study investigates the effect that formal education, as a factor of socio-economic development, has on the intensity and forms of political protest. By way of increased socialization of democr...
  • Education Needs as Seen by Australian Industrial Management
    • No. 2-1, January 1964
    • Journal of Educational Administration
    • 39-43
    Although our society provides a wide range of educational services, it has as yet shown little interest in the education of administrators, especially those at the higher levels. One of the few ins...
    ... ... In a pilot study 100 senior executives were asked to indicate their opinions on the level of formal education desirable for managers. Most favoured some education above secondary level and listed top and middle management as being most in need of ... ...
  • Resource Allocation in Education
    • No. 9-2, February 1971
    • Journal of Educational Administration
    • 135-150
    The paper is devoted to the question of how to allocate a given educational budget. Alternative avenues of expenditure on post‐secondary education are treated as investment projects and their benef...
    ... ... The second presents conclusions on particular aspects of the general problem of allocating resources within formal education, and is divided into four parts: the balance between private and social costs and benefits, between academic levels of education, between ... ...
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Law Firm Commentaries
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