Formation and Constitution of Company in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Ebrahimi v Westbourne Galleries Ltd; Re Westbourne Galleries Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 03 May 1972

    The words are a recognition of the fact that a limited company is more than a mere judicial entity, with a personality in law of its own: that there is room in company law for recognition of the fact that behind it, or amongst it, there are individuals, with rights, expectations and obligations inter se which are not necessarily submerged in the company structure.

  • Attorney General of Belize and Others v Belize Telecom and another
    • Privy Council
    • 18 Mar 2009

    Without them, there was not the slightest basis for implying such an obligation. Because the articles are required to be registered, addressed to anyone who wishes to inspect them, the admissible background for the purposes of construction must be limited to what any reader would reasonably be supposed to know. It cannot include extrinsic facts which were known only to some of the people involved in the formation of the company.

  • Johnson v Gore Wood & Company (A Firm)
    • House of Lords
    • 14 Dic 2000,14 Dic 2000

    That is to adopt too dogmatic an approach to what should in my opinion be a broad, merits-based judgment which takes account of the public and private interests involved and also takes account of all the facts of the case, focusing attention on the crucial question whether, in all the circumstances, a party is misusing or abusing the process of the court by seeking to raise before it the issue which could have been raised before.

  • Ramsay (W T) Ltd v Commissioners of Inland Revenue
    • House of Lords
    • 12 Mar 1981

    It is the task of the court to ascertain the legal nature of any transaction to which it is sought to attach a tax or a tax consequence and if that emerges from a series or combination of transactions, intended to operate as such, it is that series or combination which may be regarded.

  • Freeman & Lockyer (A Firm)(Plaintiffs) Buckhurst Park Properties (Mangal) Ltd and Shiv Kumar Kapoor (Defendants)
    • Court of Appeal
    • 24 Ene 1964

    An "apparent" or "ostensible" authority, on the other hand, is a legal relationship between the principal and the contractor created by a representation, made by the principal to the contractor intended to be and in fact acted upon by the contractor, that the agent has authority to enter on behalf of the principal into a contract of a kind within the scope of the "apparent" authority, so as to render the principal liable to perform any obligations imposed upon him by such contract.

  • Woolfson v Strathclyde Regional Council
    • House of Lords
    • 15 Feb 1978

    I have some doubts whether in this respect the Court of Appeal properly applied the principle that it is appropriate to pierce the corporate veil only where special circumstances exist indicating that is a mere facade concealing the true facts. Woolfson cannot be treated as beneficially entitled to the whole share-holding in Campbell, since it is not found that the one share in Campbell held by his wife is held as his nominee.

  • Regal (Hastings) Ltd v Gulliver
    • House of Lords
    • 20 Feb 1942,20 Feb 1942

    The rule of equity which insists on those who by use of a fiduciary position make a profit, being liable to account for that profit, in no way depends on fraud, or absence of bona fides; or upon such questions or considerations as whether the profit would or should otherwise have gone to the Plaintiff, or whether the profiteer was under a duty to obtain the source of the profit for the Plaintiff, or whether he took a risk, or acted as he did for the benefit of the Plaintiff, or whether the Plaintiff has in fact been damaged or benefited by his action.

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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
  • Companies Act 2006
    • Mondaq United Kingdom
    • 7 de Octubre de 2009
    ...... on 1 October 2009 relate to the formation and constitutional documents of companies, share ... and the redemption and purchase by a company of its own shares. These and certain other ......
  • Company Incorporation
    • Mondaq UK
    • 17 de Octubre de 2019
    ...... online: either through a formation agent or Companies House via their online web incorporation service post: ... to have several different classes of shares, as with the constitution it is often easier to form a company with the minimum number of ordinary ......
  • Companies Act 2006 - Simplifying The Way In Which Businesses Operate
    • Mondaq United Kingdom
    • 15 de Septiembre de 2009
    ...... amending its Articles of Association, a company can benefit from. some of the changes brought ... should review their current constitutional. documents in order to take advantage of these ...adopt entrenchment provisions on formation or if all shareholders. agree. New provisions ......
  • Corporate Governance For UK Private And Unlisted Companies
    • Mondaq United Kingdom
    • 13 de Mayo de 2011
    ...... on corporate governance to directors and company secretaries of private/unlisted companies ... should establish an appropriate constitutional and governance framework for the company. 2. ... seeks to address them by suggesting the formation of a family council and a separate family ......
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