Gas in UK Law

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Leading Cases
  • Foster and Others v British Gas (Case C-188/89)
    • House of Lords
    • 18 Apr 1991

    If the B.G.C. were allowed to escape the consequences of an admitted breach of the equal treatment Directive the state would be taking advantage of its own failure to comply with Community law. Similarly, I can see no justification for a narrow or strained construction of the ruling of the European Court of Justice which applies to a body which has "special powers beyond those which result from the normal rules applicable in relations between individuals."

  • Friends of the Earth Ltd and Another v North Yorkshire County Council Third Energy Uk Gas Ltd (Interested Party)
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 20 Dic 2016

    The application for planning permission did not include any development at Knapton. Knapton already had planning permission and it was already authorised by the Environment Agency to burn gas from existing well sites, thus generating potentially harmful emissions, including carbon dioxide. No increase in capacity at Knapton was sought as part of this proposal.

  • Centrica Plc and another v Premier Power Ltd
    • Queen's Bench Division (Commercial Court)
    • 19 Gen 2007

    Mr. McCaughran on a number of occasions submitted that "the purpose" of the provisions relating to the Transmission Charges was to allow the seller to recover "costs of and associated with the transportation of gas to Ballylumford". I accept that Clause 2.1(b) of the GSA envisaged that the buyer would pay "a charge for the costs of … gas transportation along the Pipeline" (my emphasis), which suggests that such charge will cover all the costs of transportation.

    The factual matrix evidence that shows this was the following. The GSA was, as I have already said, based upon the standard form of LTI contract in use in 1992, namely LTI3. Under this form of contract, all purchasers of gas from British Gas paid the same commodity prices. The provisions of Annex 5 were specifically negotiated to cover the additional costs of transporting the gas from Great Britain to Ballylumford.

  • Lloyde v West Midlands Cas Board
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 12 Mar 1971

    It means that a plaintiff prima facie establishes negligence where: (1) it is not possible for him to prove precisely what was the relevant act or omission which set in train the events leading to the accident; but (ii) on the evidence as it stands at the relevant time it is more likely than not that the effective cause of the accident was some acts or omission of the defendant or of someone for whom the defendant is responsible, which act or omission constitutes a failure to take proper care for the plaintiff a safety.

  • Griffiths v Smith
    • House of Lords
    • 12 Dic 1940

    When a citizen boards such a car, in one sense he makes, by paying a fare, a contract; but the boarding of the car, the payment of the fare, and the charging of the corporation with the responsibility for safe carriage are all matters of right on the part of the passenger, a public right of carriage which he shares with all his fellow citizens, correlative to the public duty which the corporation owes to all … But where the right of the individual cannot be correlated with a statutory or public duty to the individual, the foundation of the relations of parties does not lie in anything but a private bargain which it was open for either the municipality or the individual citizen, consumer, or customer to enter into or to decline."

  • Total Gas Marketing Ltd v Arco British Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 20 Mag 1998

    I agree with Mr. Pollock that is important to keep promissory and contingent conditions separate but in my opinion there is a common factor. If the provision in an agreement is of fundamental importance then the result either of a failure to perform it (if it is promissory) or of the event not happening or the act not being done (if it is a contingent condition or a condition precedent or a condition subsequent) may be that the contract either never comes into being or terminates.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • How digital information services can reduce greenhouse gas emissions
    • Numero 36-4, August 2012
    • Online Information Review
    • 489-506
    Purpose: The study aims to determine the environmental impact of printed content in libraries and thus to find out how a digital information service can help libraries and institutions play a key r...
  • Fracking for shale gas in the UK: property and investment issues
    • Numero 32-5, July 2014
    • Journal of Property Investment & Finance
    • 505-517
    Purpose: – Large-scale shale gas reserves have recently been identified under many parts of the UK. Development pressure for detailed exploration and possibly the exploitation of these reserves by ...
  • Step on the gas.
    • Numero 2000, December 2000
    • Financial Management (UK)
    • Kaplan, Robert S.
    • Mobil North America Marketing and Refining - Statistical Data Included
    ...Robert S Kaplan, the inventor of the balanced scoreboard, and David P Norton look at how Mobil transformed its approach to customers and boosted cash flow by $1 billion a year, in the first of a series of excerpts from their new book, The Strategy-Fo......
  • Adoption, Homosexuality and the European Convention on Human Rights: Gas and Dubois v France
    • Numero 75-6, November 2012
    • The Modern Law Review
    On 15 March 2012 the European Court of Human Rights (the Court) issued its first judgment addressing the differential treatment of same‐sex and opposite‐sex couples in respect of the adoption of a ...
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Law Firm Commentaries
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