Information in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Seager v Copydex Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 18 April 1967

    It depends on the broad principle of equity that he who has received information in confidence shall not take unfair advantage of it. He must not make use of it to the prejudice of him who gave it without obtaining his consent. He should go to the public source and get it: or, at any rate, not be in a better position than if he had gone to the public source. He should not get a start over others by using the information which he received in confidence.

  • Imerman v Tchenguiz and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 29 July 2010

    It seems to us, as a matter of principle, that, again in the absence of any defence on the particular facts, a claimant who establishes a right of confidence in certain information contained in a document should be able to restrain any threat by an unauthorised defendant to look at, copy, distribute any copies of, or to communicate, or utilise the contents of the document (or any copy), and also be able to enforce the return (or destruction) of any such document or copy.

  • Attorney General v Guardian Newspapers Ltd and Others (No. 2)
    • House of Lords
    • 13 October 1988

    I start with the broad general principle (which I do not intend in any way to be definitive) that a duty of confidence arises when confidential information comes to the knowledge of a person (the confidant) in circumstances where he has notice, or is held to have agreed, that the information is confidential, with the effect that it would be just in all the circumstances that he should be precluded from disclosing the information to others.

    I recognise that a case where the confider himself publishes the information might be distinguished from other cases on the basis that the confider, by publishing the information, may have implicitly released the confidant from his obligation.

  • Associated Newspapers Ltd v His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 21 December 2006

    For these reasons, the test to be applied when considering whether it is necessary to restrict freedom of expression in order to prevent disclosure of information received in confidence is not simply whether the information is a matter of public interest but whether, in all the circumstances, it is in the public interest that the duty of confidence should be breached.

  • Faccenda Chicken Ltd v Fowler
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 05 December 1985

    First there is information which, because of its trivial character or its easy accessibility from public sources of information, cannot be regarded by reasonable persons or by the law as confidential at all. ' The servant is at liberty to impart it during his service or afterwards to anyone he pleases, even his master's competitor.

  • R v Chief Constable of North Wales Police and Others, ex parte AB and Another
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 18 March 1998

    However, in doing this, it must be remembered that the decision to which the police have to come as to whether or not to disclose the identity of paedophiles to members of the public, is a highly sensitive one. Disclosure should only be made when there is a pressing need for that disclosure. Before reaching their decision as to whether to disclose the police require as much information as can reasonably practicably obtained in the circumstances.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • Information architecture
    • No. 22-3, June 2004
    • The Electronic Library
    • 218-219
    Information architecture has gradually crept into prominence over the last few years as one of the new buzz words in Web design. This article examines the definition and history of information arch...
  • Information management
    • No. 3-1, January 1985
    • The Electronic Library
    • 62-66
    Marc Porat who has devoted a good deal of research to the size and scope of the ‘information sector’ of the US economy, has noted that:
  • Information dropshipping
    • No. 15-1/2, April 1997
    • Library Hi Tech
    • 145-149
    The appearance of revolutionary information technologies must elicit equivalent responses from the library profession, if for no other reason than simply to provide services that are fast becoming ...
  • Information economy
    • No. 34-2, May 2018
    • Digital Library Perspectives
    • 78-83
    Purpose: This paper aims to describe several methods to expose website information to Web crawlers for providing value-added services to patrons. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual ...
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