Parties to Crime in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Crofter Hand Woven Harris Tweed Company v Veitch
    • House of Lords
    • 15 December 1941

    Conspiracy, when regarded as a crime, is the agreement of two or more persons to effect any unlawful purpose, whether as their ultimate aim, or only as a means to it, and the crime is complete if there is such agreement, even though nothing is done in pursuance of it.

    It is enough to say that if there is more than one purpose actuating a combination, liability must depend on ascertaining the predominant purpose. If that predominant purpose is to damage another person and damage results, that is tortious conspiracy. If the predominant purpose is the lawful protection or promotion of any lawful interest of the combiners (no illegal means being employed), it is not a tortious conspiracy, even though it causes damage to another person.

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • House of Lords
    • 14 May 2008

    The rationale of the confiscation regime is that the defendant is deprived of what he has gained or its equivalent. He cannot, and should not, be deprived of what he has never obtained or its equivalent, because that is a fine. This must ordinarily mean that he has obtained property so as to own it, whether alone or jointly, which will ordinarily connote a power of disposition or control, as where a person directs a payment or conveyance of property to someone else.

  • R v Anderson (William Ronald)
    • House of Lords
    • 11 July 1985

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 24 June 2005

    contemplates that the defendant in question should have been instrumental in getting the property out of the crime. Not necessarily the only cause: there may, plainly, be other actors playing their parts. All that is required is that the defendant's acts should have contributed, to a non-trivial (that is, not de minimis) extent, to the getting of the property. This is no more than an instance of the common law's conventional approach to questions of causation.

  • R v Beck
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 02 December 1981

    While we in no way wish to detract from the obligation upon a Judge to advise a jury to proceed with caution where there is material to suggest that a witness's evidence may be tainted by an improper motive, and the strength of that advice must vary according to the facts of the case, we cannot accept that there is any obligation to give the accomplice warning with all that entails, when it is common ground that there is no basis for suggesting that the witness is a participant or in any way involved in the crime the subject matter of the trial.

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Legislation
  • Serious Crime Act 2015
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2015
  • Policing and Crime Act 2017
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2017
  • Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2015
    ...... . . (5) An offence under Part 2 of the Serious Crime Act 2007 in relation to which an offence specified in the preceding ... . . (7) The court may try the charge in the absence of the parties and, if a party appears, must proceed as if the party were absent. . . ......
  • Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2016
    ......(i) for a person appointed as the deputy mayor for policing and crime by virtue of an order under paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 5C, or. . . (ii) ... and expenses of, and any financial relations between, the parties to the agreement. . . . (5) The provision which may be included by ......
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Books & Journal Articles
  • Recent Book: Criminal Law: Text and Materials
    • Nbr. 58-4, October 1985
    • Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
    ...... of 582 pages comprising nine chapters concerned with crime and punishment, the general principles of liability, the ... actus reus, general defences, causation, inchoate offences, parties to crime, non- fatal offences against the person, homicide, concluding ......
  • Recent Book: Con and Use up-to-Date: Motor Vehicle Technical Regulations
    • Nbr. 52-1, January 1979
    • Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
    ...... been made by case law to the following subjects: mens rea, parties to crime, theft and obtaining by deception, incitement, attempt, ......
  • Recent Book: A Vexed Subject: Practical Police Prosecuting
    • Nbr. 52-1, January 1979
    • Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
    ...... been made by case law to the following subjects: mens rea, parties to crime, theft and obtaining by deception, incitement, attempt, ......
  • Recent Book: An Old Friend to Help: Criminal Law
    • Nbr. 52-1, January 1979
    • Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
    ...... been made by case law to the following subjects: mens rea, parties to crime, theft and obtaining by deception, incitement, attempt, ......
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Law Firm Commentaries
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Forms
  • Chapter IDG50400
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    • HM Revenue & Customs
    .... . . Being part of a Crime Reduction and Safety Partnership enables certain authorities, their ... to the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 so that all parties understand the framework that we are working to. Procedure to follow . ......
  • Chapter IDG30460
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... you from disclosing the whereabouts of missing persons to third parties, however if you are in doubt please seek advice from your Security & ...The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 may permit HMRC to supply certain information to ......
  • Chapter CIRD12580
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... entertaining and gifts - CIRD12600;. crime - CIRD12610;. the hire of cars not exempted from restrictions (generally ... delayed payment of royalties to certain ‘related parties’ - CIRD12660. Debt impairments and bad debts. There are provisions ......
  • Upper Tribunal appeals (Tax and Chancery) - T399 additional guidance
    • HM Courts & Tribunals Service court and tribunal forms
    Upper Tribunal (Tax and Chancery Chamber) forms and guidance documents including the judicial review form.
    ......Appeals by HM Revenue and Customs, the Serious Organised Crime Agency or the Charity. Commission. Before you can appeal – page 6. ...Tax payers, businesses and public bodies who are parties at the First-tier Tribunal can. appeal to the Upper Tribunal (Tax and ......
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