Parties to Crime in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Crofter Hand Woven Harris Tweed Company v Veitch
    • House of Lords
    • 15 Dic 1941

    Conspiracy, when regarded as a crime, is the agreement of two or more persons to effect any unlawful purpose, whether as their ultimate aim, or only as a means to it, and the crime is complete if there is such agreement, even though nothing is done in pursuance of it.

    It is enough to say that if there is more than one purpose actuating a combination, liability must depend on ascertaining the predominant purpose. If that predominant purpose is to damage another person and damage results, that is tortious conspiracy. If the predominant purpose is the lawful protection or promotion of any lawful interest of the combiners (no illegal means being employed), it is not a tortious conspiracy, even though it causes damage to another person.

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • House of Lords
    • 14 May 2008

    The rationale of the confiscation regime is that the defendant is deprived of what he has gained or its equivalent. He cannot, and should not, be deprived of what he has never obtained or its equivalent, because that is a fine. This must ordinarily mean that he has obtained property so as to own it, whether alone or jointly, which will ordinarily connote a power of disposition or control, as where a person directs a payment or conveyance of property to someone else.

  • R v Anderson (William Ronald)
    • House of Lords
    • 11 Jul 1985

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • Court of Appeal
    • 24 Jun 2005

    contemplates that the defendant in question should have been instrumental in getting the property out of the crime. Not necessarily the only cause: there may, plainly, be other actors playing their parts. All that is required is that the defendant's acts should have contributed, to a non-trivial (that is, not de minimis) extent, to the getting of the property. This is no more than an instance of the common law's conventional approach to questions of causation.

  • R v Beck
    • Court of Appeal
    • 02 Dic 1981

    While we in no way wish to detract from the obligation upon a Judge to advise a jury to proceed with caution where there is material to suggest that a witness's evidence may be tainted by an improper motive, and the strength of that advice must vary according to the facts of the case, we cannot accept that there is any obligation to give the accomplice warning with all that entails, when it is common ground that there is no basis for suggesting that the witness is a participant or in any way involved in the crime the subject matter of the trial.

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Legislation
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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
  • A Confidential Consultation?
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    The Court of Appeal reaffirms the qualified nature of legal professional privilege. In the recent case of R v Edward Brown (formerly Latham) the Court of Appeal held that it wa...
    ......, in certain circumstances, to impose a requirement that third parties be present during a nominally private consultation between a defendant and ... Firstly, the 'iniquity' or 'crime/ fraud' exception.5 Strictly speaking not an exception, the iniquity ......
  • FSA Fines Willis Limited £6.895 Million for Anti-bribery and Corruption Systems and Controls Failings
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    The UK Financial Services Authority announced on July 21 that it had fined Willis Limited £6.895 million (approximately $11.2 million) for failings in its anti-bribery and corruption systems and co...
  • Judgments
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    No duty to obtain best price reasonable in a forced sale – upheld by Court of Appeal - (1) Rosserlane Consultants Ltd (2) Swinbrook Developments Ltd v. Credit Suisse International [2017]...
    ...... a participation agreement (the Agreement) entered into between the parties. . . The claimants had entered into a short-term loan of US$127 ... . The National Crime Agency v. N and Royal Bank of Scotland Plc [2017] EWCA Civ 253 . . ......
  • Edward Fennell From The Times Speaks To BCL's John Binns For His Article ‘The New Blitz On White Collar Crime'
    • Mondaq UK
    ......It says that the government wants to improve the level of co-operation between all parties involved." '. *This article was first published by The Times on 24th January 2019. Full details can be found here. The content of this article is ......
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