Parties to Crime in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Crofter Hand Woven Harris Tweed Company v Veitch
    • House of Lords
    • 15 Diciembre 1941

    Conspiracy, when regarded as a crime, is the agreement of two or more persons to effect any unlawful purpose, whether as their ultimate aim, or only as a means to it, and the crime is complete if there is such agreement, even though nothing is done in pursuance of it.

    It is enough to say that if there is more than one purpose actuating a combination, liability must depend on ascertaining the predominant purpose. If that predominant purpose is to damage another person and damage results, that is tortious conspiracy. If the predominant purpose is the lawful protection or promotion of any lawful interest of the combiners (no illegal means being employed), it is not a tortious conspiracy, even though it causes damage to another person.

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • House of Lords
    • 14 Mayo 2008

    The rationale of the confiscation regime is that the defendant is deprived of what he has gained or its equivalent. He cannot, and should not, be deprived of what he has never obtained or its equivalent, because that is a fine. This must ordinarily mean that he has obtained property so as to own it, whether alone or jointly, which will ordinarily connote a power of disposition or control, as where a person directs a payment or conveyance of property to someone else.

  • R v Anderson (William Ronald)
    • House of Lords
    • 11 Julio 1985

  • Jennings v Crown Prosecution Service
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 24 Junio 2005

    contemplates that the defendant in question should have been instrumental in getting the property out of the crime. Not necessarily the only cause: there may, plainly, be other actors playing their parts. All that is required is that the defendant's acts should have contributed, to a non-trivial (that is, not de minimis) extent, to the getting of the property. This is no more than an instance of the common law's conventional approach to questions of causation.

  • R v Beck
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 02 Diciembre 1981

    While we in no way wish to detract from the obligation upon a Judge to advise a jury to proceed with caution where there is material to suggest that a witness's evidence may be tainted by an improper motive, and the strength of that advice must vary according to the facts of the case, we cannot accept that there is any obligation to give the accomplice warning with all that entails, when it is common ground that there is no basis for suggesting that the witness is a participant or in any way involved in the crime the subject matter of the trial.

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  • Serious Crime Act 2015
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2015
    ......ard to-. . (a) the PPO receiver,. . . (b) the parties to the proceedings for the appointment of the PPO receiver and for the prohibitory property order concerned,. . . (c) any person who may be ......
  • Policing and Crime Act 2017
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2017
    ...... (c) (c) a police body in England. . (3) A collaboration agreement is an agreement in writing that sets out how the parties to the agreement will work together in discharging their functions. . (4) Subsection (1) does not prevent a person other than a person listed in ......
  • Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2016
    ......(i) for a person appointed as the deputy mayor for policing and crime by virtue of an order under paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 5C, or. . . (ii) ... and expenses of, and any financial relations between, the parties to the agreement. . . . (5) The provision which may be included by ......
  • Crime and Courts Act 2013
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2013
    ...... . (4) The Secretary of State must take steps to put in place arrangements for protecting the position in costs of parties to relevant claims who have entered into agreements under section 58 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990. . (5) This section is not to be ......
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Books & Journal Articles
  • The Future of Joint-up Thinking
    • Núm. 79-3, Junio 2015
    • Journal of Criminal Law, The
    The law of secondary liability continues to trouble defendants, victims, politicians, practitioners, judges, academics and laypeople. In a recent report, the House of Commons Justice Select Committ...
    ...... merely because he foresaw a chance that the principal might commit a crime. This article discusses the report, analyses the substantive law in issue ...Within the general picture, the JSC thinks that secondary parties to murder charges need particular and urgent review. The Report is a ......
  • Law and Order as a Leftist Project?
    • Núm. 3-3, Julio 2001
    • Punishment & Society
    Since the 1970s, crime policy has become politicized. Conservative parties have launched the law and order theme and exploited crime in political campaigns. Social Democratic and other leftist part...
  • Financial intelligent investigations in combating money laundering crime. An Indonesian legal perspective
    • Núm. 19-1, Enero 2016
    • Journal of Money Laundering Control
    • 92-102
    Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functions of financial intelligent investigations by the Indonesian financial intelligent unit in conjunction with the participating reporting...
    ...... of nancial intelligent investigationsby the Indonesian nancial intelligent unit in conjunction with the participating reporting parties, toconsider the obstacles and challenges to reduce money laundering cases in Indonesia, realizing that therole of the nancial intelligent ......
  • Strengthening the role of lawyers and other professional advisers in addressing economic and financial crimes in Indonesia
    • Núm. 26-4, Octubre 2019
    • Journal of Financial Crime
    • 1107-1116
    Purpose: This paper aims to explain the regulations in Indonesia that apply to lawyers and other professional advisers in terms of their obligations as reporting parties of suspicious financial tra...
    ...... aims to explain the regulations in Indonesia that apply to lawyers and otherprofessional advisers in terms of their obligations as reporting parties of suspicious financial transactionswith respect to money launderingand other financial crimes. As lawyers and other professional ......
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Law Firm Commentaries
  • A Confidential Consultation?
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    The Court of Appeal reaffirms the qualified nature of legal professional privilege. In the recent case of R v Edward Brown (formerly Latham) the Court of Appeal held that it wa...
    ......, in certain circumstances, to impose a requirement that third parties be present during a nominally private consultation between a defendant and ... Firstly, the 'iniquity' or 'crime/ fraud' exception.5 Strictly speaking not an exception, the iniquity ......
  • FSA Fines Willis Limited £6.895 Million for Anti-bribery and Corruption Systems and Controls Failings
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    The UK Financial Services Authority announced on July 21 that it had fined Willis Limited £6.895 million (approximately $11.2 million) for failings in its anti-bribery and corruption systems and co...
    ...... This is the biggest fine imposed by the FSA in relation to financial crime systems and controls to date. The FSA said that these failings created an unacceptable risk that payments made by Willis to overseas third parties could be used for corrupt purposes. Between January 2005 and December ......
  • Judgments
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    No duty to obtain best price reasonable in a forced sale – upheld by Court of Appeal - (1) Rosserlane Consultants Ltd (2) Swinbrook Developments Ltd v. Credit Suisse International [2017]...
    ...... a participation agreement (the Agreement) entered into between the parties. . . The claimants had entered into a short-term loan of US$127 ... . The National Crime Agency v. N and Royal Bank of Scotland Plc [2017] EWCA Civ 253 . . ......
  • Edward Fennell From The Times Speaks To BCL's John Binns For His Article ‘The New Blitz On White Collar Crime'
    • Mondaq UK
    ......It says that the government wants to improve the level of co-operation between all parties involved." '. *This article was first published by The Times on 24th January 2019. Full details can be found here. The content of this article is ......
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