Road Traffic in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • R v Williams (Jason)
    • Court of Appeal
    • 02 Nov 2010

    In our view, applying this approach, it is therefore necessary for us to consider the meaning of cause as used in s.3ZB of the Road Traffic Act 1988 in the context of the intention of Parliament. First, the meaning of cause in death by dangerous driving was decided by Hennigan. That decision makes clear it is a cause if it is more than negligible or de minimis. We do not think that Parliament can have intended any different definition for s.3ZB.

  • Clarke v Kato; Cutter v Eagle Star Insurance Company Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 22 Oct 1998

    In Oxford v. Austin [1981] R.T.R. 416, 418 Kilner Brown J. referred to a road as One obvious feature of a road as commonly understood is that its physical limits are defined or at least definable. It should always be possible to ascertain the sides of a road or to have them ascertained. I do not find it helpful to use the language of a "through route" beyond recognising that a road should lead from one point to another.

    A more formidable argument for the appellants in my view lies in the fact that the legislation is in certain sections expressly made to apply not simply to "a road" but to "a road or other public place." These added words appeared in section 15(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1930 in relation to the offence of driving a motor vehicle when under the influence of drink or drugs.

  • Djanogly v Westminster City Council
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 16 Jul 2010

    There is in section 45 no statutory purpose specifically identified for charging. Charging may be justified provided it is aimed at the fulfilment of the statutory purposes which are identified in section 122 (compendiously referred to by the parties as ‘traffic management purposes’). What the authority may not do is introduce charging and charging levels for the purpose, primary or secondary, of raising section 55(4) revenue.

  • Keyse v Commissioner of Police for Metropolis and Another
    • Court of Appeal
    • 18 May 2001

    In my judgment, although drivers should allow for the unexpected when they are at the wheel of a car, it would inhibit the valuable work done for the community as a whole, if drivers in the emergency services were not allowed to drive their vehicles on the basis that pedestrians would recognise their warning lights and sirens and give them proper priority by keeping out of their paths.

  • Gorringe v Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council
    • House of Lords
    • 01 Abr 2004

    They are entitled to complain if damage is caused by some obstruction or condition of the road or its surroundings that constitutes a public nuisance. But an overriding imperative is that those who drive on public highways do so in a manner and at a speed that is safe having regard to such matters as the nature of the road, the weather conditions and the traffic conditions. Drivers are first and foremost themselves responsible for their own safety.

    Section 39 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 imposes upon local authorities certain statutory duties, couched in the broadest of terms, designed to promote road safety and to prevent road accidents. It is Mrs Gorringe's case that in the discharge of those duties the respondent local authority (Calderdale) ought properly to have warned her of the dangers of the road ahead, in particular by painting a "slow" sign on the road surface.

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Books & Journal Articles
    • Núm. 36-3, Mayo 1973
    • The Modern Law Review
  • Reviews
    • Núm. 41-6, Noviembre 1978
    • The Modern Law Review
    General Problems of Private International Law. By O. Kahn‐Freund. [Leyden: Sijthoff. 1976. 336 pp. Dfl.48·00.] Law in Modern Society. By Roberto Mangabeira Unger. [New York: The Free Press. 1976. i...
  • May the choice be with you: assisting practitioners with selecting appropriate psychometric assessments for the medico legal arena
    • Núm. 9-1, Enero 2019
    • Journal of Criminal Psychology
    • 1-9
    Purpose: Fraudulently claiming symptoms of mental disorder can be very lucrative for those in society who are willing to do so. One context that lends itself well to those willing to fraudulently c...
    • Núm. 19-1, Enero 1956
    • The Modern Law Review
    Book reviewed in this article: Le Divorce, La Séparation de Corps et Leurs Effets en Droit International Privé Français et Anglais. (Étude de Droit Comparé.) By Peter Benjamin, m.a., ll.b. (Cantab....
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