Shipping in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Hong Kong Fir Shipping Company Ltd v Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd
    • Court of Appeal
    • 20 Diciembre 1961

    The test whether an event has this effect or not has been stated in a number of metaphors all of which I think amount to. the same thing; Does the occurrence of the event deprive the party who has further undertakings still to perform of substantially the whole benefit which it was the intention of the parties as expressed in the contract that he should obtain as the consideration for performing those undertakings?

  • Czarnikow Ltd v Koufos (Heron II)
    • House of Lords
    • 17 Octubre 1967

    The crucial question is whether, on the information available to the defendant when the contract was made, he should, or the reasonable man in his position would, have realised that such loss was sufficiently likely to result from the breach of contract to make it proper to hold that the loss flowed naturally from the breach or that loss of that kind should have been within his contemplation.

  • Motor Oil (Hellas) Corinth Refineries SA v Shipping Corporation of India
    • House of Lords
    • 15 Febrero 1990

    In the present case, we are concerned with an election which may arise in the context of a binding contract, when a state of affairs comes into existence in which one party becomes entitled, either under the terms of the contract or by the general law, to exercise a right, and he has to decide whether or not to do so.

  • Reardon Smith Line Ltd v Yngevar Hansen-Tangen (trading as H. E. Hansen-Tangen)
    • House of Lords
    • 07 Octubre 1976

    No contracts are made in a vacuum: there is always a setting in which they have to be placed. In a commercial contract it is certainly right that the court should know the commercial purpose of the contract and this in turn presupposes knowledge of the genesis of the transaction, the background, the context, the market in which the parties are operating.

  • Amin Rasheed Shipping Corporation v Kuwait Insurance Company
    • House of Lords
    • 07 Julio 1983

    The intention must be to impose upon the plaintiff the burden of showing good reasons why service of a writ, calling for appearance before an English court, should, in the circumstances, be permitted upon a foreign defendant. In considering this question the court must take into account the nature of the dispute, the legal and practical issues involved, such questions as local knowledge, availability of witnesses and their evidence and expense.

  • Leigh and Sillavan Ltd v Aliakmon Shipping Company Ltd (Aliakmon)
    • House of Lords
    • 24 Abril 1986

  • Midland Silicones Ltd v Scruttons Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 06 Diciembre 1961

    I can see a possibility of success of the agency argument if (first) the Bill of Lading makes it clear that the stevedore is intended to be protected by the provisions in it which limit liability, (secondly) the Bill of Lading makes it clear that the carrier, in addition to contracting for these provisions on his own behalf, is also contracting as agent for the stevedore that these provisions should apply to the stevedore, (thirdly) the carrier has authority from the stevedore to do that, or perhaps later ratification by the stevedore would suffice, and (fourthly) that any difficulties about consideration moving from the stevedore were overcome.

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