Shipping in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Hong Kong Fir Shipping Company Ltd v Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd
    • Court of Appeal
    • 20 December 1961

    The test whether an event has this effect or not has been stated in a number of metaphors all of which I think amount to. the same thing; Does the occurrence of the event deprive the party who has further undertakings still to perform of substantially the whole benefit which it was the intention of the parties as expressed in the contract that he should obtain as the consideration for performing those undertakings?

  • Czarnikow Ltd v Koufos (Heron II)
    • House of Lords
    • 17 October 1967

    The crucial question is whether, on the information available to the defendant when the contract was made, he should, or the reasonable man in his position would, have realised that such loss was sufficiently likely to result from the breach of contract to make it proper to hold that the loss flowed naturally from the breach or that loss of that kind should have been within his contemplation.

  • Motor Oil (Hellas) Corinth Refineries SA v Shipping Corporation of India
    • House of Lords
    • 15 February 1990

    In all cases, he has in the end to make his election, not as a matter of obligation, but in the sense that, if he does not do so, the time may come when the law takes the decision out of his hands, either by holding him to have elected not to exercise the right which has become available to him, or sometimes by holding him to have elected to exercise it.

  • Reardon Smith Line Ltd v Yngevar Hansen-Tangen (trading as H. E. Hansen-Tangen)
    • House of Lords
    • 07 October 1976

    No contracts are made in a vacuum: there is always a setting in which they have to be placed. In a commercial contract it is certainly right that the court should know the commercial purpose of the contract and this in turn presupposes knowledge of the genesis of the transaction, the background, the context, the market in which the parties are operating.

  • Amin Rasheed Shipping Corporation v Kuwait Insurance Company
    • House of Lords
    • 07 July 1983

    The intention must be to impose upon the plaintiff the burden of showing good reasons why service of a writ, calling for appearance before an English court, should, in the circumstances, be permitted upon a foreign defendant. In considering this question the court must take into account the nature of the dispute, the legal and practical issues involved, such questions as local knowledge, availability of witnesses and their evidence and expense.

  • Leigh and Sillavan Ltd v Aliakmon Shipping Company Ltd (Aliakmon)
    • House of Lords
    • 24 April 1986

  • Midland Silicones Ltd v Scruttons Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 06 December 1961

    I can see a possibility of success of the agency argument if (first) the Bill of Lading makes it clear that the stevedore is intended to be protected by the provisions in it which limit liability, (secondly) the Bill of Lading makes it clear that the carrier, in addition to contracting for these provisions on his own behalf, is also contracting as agent for the stevedore that these provisions should apply to the stevedore, (thirdly) the carrier has authority from the stevedore to do that, or perhaps later ratification by the stevedore would suffice, and (fourthly) that any difficulties about consideration moving from the stevedore were overcome.

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Legislation
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Books & Journal Articles
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Forms
  • Warrant of Arrest
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Forms relating to shipping and maritime disputes, including Form ADM1 to make a claim relating to a collision or other damage.
  • Claim form (Admiralty claim)
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Forms relating to shipping and maritime disputes, including Form ADM1 to make a claim relating to a collision or other damage.
  • Restricted limitation decree
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Forms relating to shipping and maritime disputes, including Form ADM1 to make a claim relating to a collision or other damage.
    ......AND UPON reading the written evidence of. IT IS ORDERED BY DECREE that by reason of the Merchant Shipping Act 19. 1. the claimants are not answerable in damages in respect of claims by the above-named defendants or persons. claiming through or under them, ......
  • General limitation decree
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Forms relating to shipping and maritime disputes, including Form ADM1 to make a claim relating to a collision or other damage.
    ......AND UPON reading the written evidence of. IT IS ORDERED BY DECREE that by reason of the Merchant Shipping Act 19. 1. the claimants are not answerable in damages beyond the amount of (give amount). Special Drawing Rights, in respect of the loss, damage and ......
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