Tort in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • M'Alister or Donoghue (Pauper) v Stevenson
    • House of Lords
    • 26 May 1932

    You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can reasonably foresee would be likely to injure your neighbour. The answer seems to be persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought reasonably to have them in contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions which are called in question.

  • Anns v Merton London Borough Council
    • House of Lords
    • 12 May 1977

    First one has to ask whether, as between the alleged wrongdoer and the person who has suffered damage there is a sufficient relationship of proximity or neighbourhood such that, in the reasonable contemplation of the former, carelessness on his part may be likely to cause damage to the latter—in which case a prima facie duty of care arises.

  • Hedley Byrne & Company Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 28 May 1963

    Furthermore, if in a sphere in which a person is so placed that others could reasonably rely upon his judgment or his skill or upon his ability to make careful inquiry, a person takes it upon himself to give information or advice to, or allows his information or advice to be passed on to, another person who, as he knows or should know, will place reliance upon it, then a duty of care will arise.

  • Three Rivers District Council v Governor and Company of the Bank of England (No. 3)
    • House of Lords
    • 22 March 2001

    The rationale of the tort is that in a legal system based on the rule of law executive or administrative power "may be exercised only for the public good" and not for ulterior and improper purposes: Jones v. Swansea City Council [1990] 1 W.L.R. 54, 85F, per Nourse L.J.; a decision reversed on the facts but not on the law by the House of Lords: [1990] 1 W.L.R. 1453, at 1458.

  • Rookes v Barnard
    • House of Lords
    • 21 January 1964

    Cases in the second category are those in which the Defendant's conduct has been calculated by him to make a profit for himself which may well exceed the compensation payable to the plaintiff. It extends to cases in which the Defendant is seeking to gain at the expense of the Plaintiff some object,—perhaps some property which he covets,—which either he could not obtain at all or not obtain except at a price greater than he wants to put down.

  • English v Emery Reimbold & Strick Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 30 April 2002

    It follows that, if the appellate process is to work satisfactorily, the judgment must enable the appellate court to understand why the Judge reached his decision. This does not mean that every factor which weighed with the Judge in his appraisal of the evidence has to be identified and explained. But the issues the resolution of which were vital to the Judge's conclusion should be identified and the manner in which he resolved them explained.

  • Kuwait Airways Corporation v Iraqi Airways Company (Nos 4 & 5)
    • House of Lords
    • 16 May 2002

    Conversion of goods can occur in so many different circumstances that framing a precise definition of universal application is well nigh impossible. First, the defendant's conduct was inconsistent with the rights of the owner (or other person entitled to possession). Third, the conduct was so extensive an encroachment on the rights of the owner as to exclude him from use and possession of the goods.

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Legislation
  • Law Reform (Married Women and Tort-feasors) Act 1935
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 1935
  • Occupiers' Liability Act 1957
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 1957
    ...... the operation in relation to the Crown of laws made by the Parliament of Northern Ireland for similar purposes or otherwise amending the law of tort, and for purposes connected therewith. B. e. it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and. with the advice and consent of the ......
  • Trade Disputes Act 1906
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 1906
    ......other person to dispose of his capital or his labour as he wills. S-4. Prohibition of actions of tort against trade unions.4 Prohibition of actions of tort against trade unions. (1) An action against a trade union, whether of workmen. or masters, or ......
  • Occupiers' Liability Act 1984
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 1984
    ......Application to Crown.3 Application to Crown. Section 1 of this Act shall bind the Crown, but as regards. the Crown's liability in tort shall not bind the Crown further than. the Crown is made liable in tort by the  Crown Proceedings Act 1947.S-4. Short title, commencement and ......
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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
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