Library Hi Tech

Publisher:
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Publication date:
2021-02-01
ISBN:
0737-8831

Latest documents

  • Editorial
  • Information integration in libraries

    Purpose: This paper investigates the latest achievements of studies on industrial information integration engineering (IIIE). Design/methodology/approach: This paper extends the research by Chen (2016) by reviewing studies from 2016 to 2019 in IEEE Xplore and Web of Science. Altogether, 970 papers related to IIIE are grouped into 27 research categories and reviewed. Findings: The results obtained in this study indicate that the number of research studies on IIIE rose drastically in the past three years compared with the findings in Chen (2016). Particularly, energy, engineering, industrial control, information and communications technologies, instrumentation, manufacturing and transportation are the hot topics. This change proves that the Internet of things (IoT) and IIIE have integrated closely by providing more applications, such as industrial Internet of things (IIoT), cyber-physical system (CPS), smart grids and smart manufacturing. This change also proves the research direction of IIIE identified by Chen (2016). Originality/value: The results present up-to-date development of IIIE and provide directions for future research on IIIE. The review identifies that energy, engineering, industrial control, information and communications technologies, instrumentation, manufacturing and transportation are the main fields that most of the reviewed papers focus on. Applications that integrate IoT and IIIE, including IIoT, CPS, smart grids and smart manufacturing, are attracting scholars' and practitioners' attention. Some new technologies, such as 5G and blockchain, have the potential to be integrated with IoT and IIIE.

  • Theoretical foundations and applications of cyber-physical systems: a literature review

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the current research on theoretical foundations and applications for CPS from 2017 to 2019 including the applications in library. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is designed in six parts as Introduction, Literature review, Theoretical foundations of CPS, Applications of CPS, CPS’s application in library and Conclusion. The authors review 70 papers and classify them as the above six parts. The authors collected 70 papers from 2017 to 2019 in the academic databases. Findings: This paper reviews 70 papers regarding theoretical foundations and applications for CPS from 2017 to 2019 in the academic databases aiming to provide scholars and practitioners with a comprehensive overview. The contents of the papers in each research category are summarized from theoretical foundations and applications including the CPS applications in library. Originality/value: A main contribution of this review paper is that it summarizes the current state-of-the-art theoretical foundations and applications for CPS and in libraries systematically.

  • A material delivery system built on Internet of Things and the role of libraries

    Purpose: After the occurrence of natural disasters, the rapid and accurate delivery of geo-afforestation is the key to emergency rescue and is the fundamental solution to the “last mile” problem. It provides technical support for the territorial rapid and accurate delivery. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach: Through literature and theoretical research, combined with the research experience of scholars, the qualitative research method is adopted. The paper establishes a three-dimensional analysis framework, including disaster predictability, resource availability and transport accessibility, and proposes the integrated delivery triangular technical framework, including integrated monitoring analysis, the territorial virtual public storage and transportation. Findings: Based on the analysis of the factors affecting the effectiveness of emergency delivery, the paper establishes a three-dimensional analysis framework, including disaster predictability, resource availability and transport accessibility, and proposes the integrated delivery triangular technical framework, including integrated monitoring analysis, the territorial virtual public storage and transportation. The triangular technical characteristics and functions of emergency delivery are studied, providing theoretical basis and technical support for effective rescue and emergency planning. Originality/value: The territorial emergency delivery refers to the process of rapid and accurate delivery without relying on external territorial supplies. The paper establishes a three-dimensional analysis framework, including disaster predictability, resource availability and transport accessibility, and proposes the integrated delivery triangular technical framework, including integrated monitoring analysis, the territorial virtual public storage and transportation.

  • A survey of time based approaches for linked data

    Purpose: Linked data technologies promise different ways of querying and retrieving information that enable individuals to have search experiences that are broader and more coordinated than those common in current library technologies. It is vital that information technologies be able to incorporate temporal capabilities or reasoning to allow for the more nuanced interactions with resources, particularly as they change over time. The purpose of this paper is to assess methods currently in use that allow for temporal querying of resources serialized as linked data. Design/methodology/approach: This paper examines philosophical models, experimental approaches and common standards to identify areas of alignment and divergence in their orientations toward serializing time and change as linked data. By framing approaches and standards within the context of philosophical theories, a clear preference for certain models of time emerge. Findings: While there have been several approaches to serializing time as linked data, none have found their way into a full implementation by standards in common use. Further, approaches to the issue are largely rooted in one model of philosophical thought that is particularly oriented to computational approaches. As such there is a gap between methods and standards, and a large room for further investigation into temporal models that may be applicable for different contexts. A call for investigation into a model that can cascade in to different temporal approaches is provided. Originality/value: While there are many papers concerning serializing time as linked data, none have tried to thoroughly align these to philosophical theories of time and further to standards currently in use.

  • An IoT-based risk warning system for smart libraries

    Purpose: When integrating smart elements offered by emergent technologies, libraries are facing the challenges of technological renovation and maintaining their operation using emerging technology. Given the importance of smart library, new technologies are needed in building new libraries or renovation of existing libraries. The purpose of this paper is to propose a risk warning system for library construction or renovation in the aspect of risk management. Design/methodology/approach: The proposed Internet of Things (IoT)-based system consists of sensors that automatically monitor the status of materials, equipment and construction activities in real time. AI techniques including case-based reasoning and fuzzy sets are applied. Findings: The proposed system can easily track material flow and visualize construction processes. The experiment shows that the proposed system can effectively detect, monitor and manage risks in construction projects including library construction. Originality/value: Compared with existing risk warning systems, the proposed IoT-based system requires less data for making dynamic predictions. The proposed system can be applied to new builds and renovation of libraries.

  • Retrospective analysis of a sustainable 3D printing service in an academic library

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the sustainability of an academic library 3D printing service. Originally intended to introduce students to an emerging technology, the 3D printing service at the University of Florida (UF) libraries expanded to support teaching, learning and research, allowing faculty, staff and students to engage in the maker movement. Design/methodology/approach: This paper analyzed usage data collected by the library’s 3D printing service from April 2014 through March 2018. These data include the number of prints produced, amount of filament consumed, user academic demographics and whether it is for academic assignments, research or personal projects. Findings: The data show that the initial 3D printing service users were predominantly engineering students; however, over the four-year period, the service has built up a consistent and diverse user base and expanded the number and types of printers. With grants covering the purchase of the 3D printers and a modest charge for printing ($0.15 per gram of model weight), the 3D printing service has achieved a sustainable level. Originality/value: UF was one of the first academic libraries to offer 3D printing services and has collected four years of data to evaluate the sustainability of the service. These data demonstrate that the service is a valuable and sustainable asset, allowing students and researchers to visualize and innovate in such diverse fields as anthropology, archaeology, art, biology, chemistry and mathematics.

  • A review of the open-access scenario in Afghanistan

    Purpose: Open access movement is getting increased in Asia and the Pacific and has been started in the form of subject gateways, informal collections of articles on web pages and directories. Many Asian countries adopted the transition to Open Access journals and full-text repositories and digital libraries. Open access also helps to underprivilege countries to spread their research output. But third-world Islamic countries are far away from open access and its implementations. The purpose of this paper is to focus on open-access e-resource development in Afghanistan. Design/methodology/approach: The data were complemented by documentary analysis, and information retrieved from open-access databases like DOAR, DOAJ and OER Sites. Findings: The paper provides information about open-access development in Afghanistan and also focuses on the challenges for spreading OA awareness in Afghanistan. It suggests that how local people and universities can help to spread open-access movement. Social implications: This paper gives an idea about the educational system and other resources available in Afghanistan. Originality/value: This paper fulfills an identified need to study open-access development and status in Afghanistan.

  • The potential of web components for libraries

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the potential of web components for libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper introduces a working example web component that reimplements an OCLC WorldCat search widget. Findings: By exploring the case study, the paper explains the functioning of web components and the potential advantages of web components for library web development. Originality/value: Increasingly, web components are being used within library web development, but there is scope for much greater use of this technology to the advantage of those libraries involved.

  • Analysis of EZproxy server logs to visualise research activity in Curtin’s online library

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop data visualisation proof of concept prototypes that will enable the Curtin University Library team to explore its users’ information-seeking behaviour and collection use online by analysing the library’s EZproxy logs. Design/methodology/approach: Curtin Library’s EZproxy log file data from 2013 to 2017 is used to develop the data visualisation prototypes using Unity3D software. Findings: Two visualisation prototypes from the EZproxy data set are developed. The first, “Global Visualisation of Curtin Research Activity”, uses a geographical map of the world as a platform to show where each research request comes from, the time each is made and the file size of the request. The second prototype, “Database Usage Visualisation”, shows the use of the library’s various subscription databases by staff and students daily, over a month in April 2017. Research limitations/implications: The paper has following limitations: working to a tight timeline of ten weeks; time taken to cleanse noise data; and requirements for storing and hosting the voluminous data sets. Practical implications: The prototypes provide visual evidence of the use of Curtin Library’s digital resources at any time and from anywhere by its users, demonstrating the demand for the library’s online service offerings. These prototype evidence-based data visualisations empower the library to communicate in a compelling and interesting way how its services and subscriptions support Curtin University’s missions. Originality/value: The paper provides innovative approaches to create immersive 3D data visualisation prototypes to make sense of complex EZproxy data sets.

Featured documents

  • A comparative review of common user interface products

    A common user interface replaces the multiple interfaces found among individual electronic library resources, reducing the time and effort spent by the user in both searching and learning to use a range of databases. Although the primary function of a common user interface is to simplify the search ...

  • A material delivery system built on Internet of Things and the role of libraries

    Purpose: After the occurrence of natural disasters, the rapid and accurate delivery of geo-afforestation is the key to emergency rescue and is the fundamental solution to the “last mile” problem. It provides technical support for the territorial rapid and accurate delivery. The paper aims to...

  • A RDF‐based digital library system

    Purpose: To research a resource description framework (RDF) based digital library system that facilitates digital resource management and supports knowledge management for an interoperable information environment. Design/methodology/approach: The paper first introduces some of issues with metadata ...

  • A survey of time based approaches for linked data

    Purpose: Linked data technologies promise different ways of querying and retrieving information that enable individuals to have search experiences that are broader and more coordinated than those common in current library technologies. It is vital that information technologies be able to...

  • Accessibility of digital special collections using screen readers

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discover whether digitized materials from special collections libraries can be accessed using screen reader technology. Design/methodology/approach: The researchers looked at 69 US academic library web sites from the ARL in 2011 to determine whether textual ...

  • Advancing PubMed? A comparison of third-party PubMed/Medline tools

    Purpose: Systematic reviews of biomedical literature are used to inform patient treatment. Yet the acquisition of relevant literature is proving increasingly challenging due to the large volume of information that needs to be searched, filtered and collocated. There is a need to improve the...

  • An analysis of file format control in institutional repositories

    Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the file formats of the digital objects stored in two of the largest open-access repositories in Spain, DDUB and TDX, and determines the implications of these formats for long-term preservation, focussing in particular on the different versions of...

  • An IoT-based risk warning system for smart libraries

    Purpose: When integrating smart elements offered by emergent technologies, libraries are facing the challenges of technological renovation and maintaining their operation using emerging technology. Given the importance of smart library, new technologies are needed in building new libraries or...

  • Applying the results of transaction log analysis

    The ability to conduct unobtrusive observation of user searching is a potential strength of the method of information retrieval system analysis known as transaction log analysis (TLA). Transaction logs supply unequivocal information about what a user typed while searching. All other methods rely on ...

  • Archiving in the networked world: resource description framework

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine a project where resource description framework (RDF) is expected to function both in the short term and over long periods. Because RDF is comparatively new, the library and information science literature has scarcely addressed the issues. Design/methodol...

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