International Migration

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International Migration is a refereed, scientific journal on migration issues as analysed by demographers, geographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists and other social scientists from all parts of the world. It covers the entire field of policy relevance in international migration, giving attention not only to a breadth of topics reflective of policy concerns, but also attention to coverage of all regions of the world. Issues related to the entire ‘migration cycle’ from origin, transit, host, destination, and return and reintegration are all relevant to the journal. Geographic diversity and contributions based on multi-disciplinary research are particular priorities of the journal.

Latest documents

  • Introduction to Special Section on: Precarity, Illegality and Temporariness: Implications and Consequences of Canadian Migration Management

    Canada's current immigration, refugee, citizenship and temporary migration polices facilitate the production and maintenance of multitude forms of temporariness. The designation of temporary and precarious status means limited rights, conditionality and increased risk of abuse and exploitation. It also shapes persons’ access to rights and services and their sense of belonging. The special section includes four original articles that employ a range of qualitative methods to delve into the issue of temporariness and its implications for migrants, Canadians, and the future of migration management in Canada. The authors call for repeals, amendments and the creation of innovative programmes that leads to pathways to permanent status. The contributions are intended to provide active, pointed, and practical recommendations that would eventually lead to an immigration programme that is efficient, secure, and complies with international human rights standards while eliminating instances of abuse and exploitation.

  • Integration and Retention of Refugees in Smaller Communities

    While advanced economies attempt to pursue a regionalized immigration policy, which aims at shifting migration flows away from the most popular urban centre destinations to smaller communities, the experiences of immigrants settling in such locations remains underexplored. This research provides timely knowledge of refugee labour market integration in smaller communities, using Newfoundland and Labrador's provincial capital, St. John's, as an example of such communities. The article examines the resettlement and labour market integration of refugees in a medium‐sized city with particular attention to factors that enhance refugee labour market integration and factors that negatively impact refugee integration and their retention in the receiving community. The study finds that the negative perception of employment opportunities is a significant factor in refugee's decision to move. Securing employment of refugees is facilitated by strong English language skills, social connections and is hampered by discrimination in the labour market.

  • Fractured Families, Connected Community: Emotional Engagement in a Transnational Social Network

    Family separation due to international migration is an emotional hardship endured by millions in both origin and destination countries. In spite of substantial barriers impeding reunification, families often continue to centre their lives emotionally around their loved ones. Yet they also rely on proximate and cross‐border network ties for support. Social networks impact the ways in which families experience separation, but studies about transnational families have been slow to incorporate social network data. We address this gap by examining family separation within the context of a binational social network. Our findings suggest that both local and transnational social networks affect the experience of family separation for individuals in the countries of origin and destination. Moreover, our findings demonstrate the complexities associated with return migration, as this movement often initiates a new familial separation.

  • Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Migration on Union Dissolution

    This investigation uses data from Nicaragua to evaluate the temporal and geographic influences of migration on union dissolution. We investigate the impact of three migration types: internal (within Nicaragua), South‐South international (to Costa Rica), and South‐North international (to the United States). We perform event history analyses using data from the Latin American Migration Project (LAMP) to test whether longer migrations (time) and migration to international and more distant locations (place), and the combination of these two factors, is associated with increased rate of union dissolution among return migrants. Results suggest that total migration duration and internal migration (relative to non‐migration) are associated with an increased rate of union dissolution. Moreover, a longer duration of migration to any one of the three destinations increases this rate. In order to understand the familial risks associated with migration, then, we must consider both the time and place associated with the migration event.

  • Occupational Integration and Challenges Faced by Former North Korean Teachers in South Korea

    This study examines cultural barriers and societal challenges that hinder the occupational integration of former North Korean teachers into the South Korean educational system. As a step toward integrating themselves as professionals into South Korea, these newly arrived immigrants participated in a special government‐funded education programme (NK Academy) in 2010 and 2011. Primary data were collected from 28 interviewees who had attended the NK Academy. Data also include discussions among policymakers, organizers of the NK Academy, and researchers in various interactions in the course of the project. The former North Korean teachers face challenges arising from differences between the two Koreas’ educational systems, a lack of training and evaluation programmes in South Korea, social perceptions and expectations of former North Korean teachers, and social resistance to allowing them to compete for South Korean teaching licenses.

  • The Static and Dynamic Effects of Capital Factors on the Social Adaptation of Chinese Migrant Workers

    The large influx of migrant workers from rural to urban areas indicates that their social adaptation is an important issue in understanding China's urbanization. This article uses Coleman's capital theory to analyse data from the 2012 and 2014 China Labour Force Dynamic Survey (CLDS), conducting a multiple linear regression model to study migrants’ economic, living and cultural adaptations. The results are determined through analysis of the static and dynamic effects of different capital factors. The static analysis results show that social adaptation can be improved by increasing the accumulation of various types of capital, while the dynamic analysis results show that social adaptation is a dynamic process. Optimizing the allocation of the corresponding capital elements can speed up migrant workers’ social adaptation. Therefore, the government must prioritize measures to improve and optimize migrant workers’ capital factors and promote their social adaptation, which will in turn accelerate urbanization in China.

  • Living with Compromised Legal Status: Irregular Temporary Foreign Workers in Alberta and the Importance of Imagining, Strategizing, and Inter‐Provincial Legal Consciousness

    This article highlights the manifold ways that migrants strategically use their social networks in order to survive in Alberta with compromised legal status. The conditionality of their status is affected by individual encounters and by new policy developments, showing that their ability to control their life trajectories is constrained by factors beyond their control. Nevertheless, although they experienced high amounts of stress because of their situations, the role played by cognitive processes, which include imagining, strategizing, and what I call “inter‐provincial legal consciousness”, allowed them to exercise agency. These processes allowed them to build communities and networks of support and to imagine potential life paths in other provinces through other provinces’ provincial nominee programmes.

  • Is International Migration Always Good for Left Behind Households Members? Evidence from Children Education in Cameroon

    This study contributes to the debate about the net gain of international migration on development by analyzing the effect of migration on school attendance of children of left‐behind households in Cameroon. A quick literature review shows that migration can impact children's education through two main channels: the “budget constraint” channel and the “family disruption” channel. Based on this literature review, we develop a theoretical framework to highlight the underlying mechanisms. In order to empirically assess the two channels, we use a survey designed for this purpose. Results highlight a detrimental effect of migration on boys’ school attendance, whereas girls are not affected. This negative effect is mainly explained by parental and recent migrations. Thus our empirical results provide evidence on the fact that, in the Cameroonian context, international migration does not always positively influence development, at least as far as children's education is concerned.

  • Move inside the “Bell Jar”: A Property Rights Approach to the Skills of Migrants

    This article develops the idea that control over somebody's migration can be understood as a property right. In the context of migration and development, this means (1) that skills of migrants can be explained as a function of access to property rights; and (2) that the possibilities of investing in these skills could be improved by giving migrants access to property rights over their own migration. Compared with efforts to formalize property rights within developing economies, access to the property right over migration has the important advantage that its value does not depend on the (often dysfunctional) institutions of the country of origin.

  • Life Satisfaction and the UK Citizenship Process: Do Tests and Ceremonies Enhance Immigrants’ Lives?

    Gaining citizenship in the UK requires applicants to pass a “Life in the UK” test and (if successful) attend a citizenship ceremony. Critics of this policy agenda assert that it exacerbates exclusion of an already vulnerable and disadvantaged population. The UK government justifies the requirements in part on the basis that they facilitate integration, thus enhancing immigrants’ lives. This article, using data from the UK longitudinal household survey (“Understanding Society”) considers outcomes for immigrants by investigating whether gaining citizenship in the current period is associated with immigrants’ subjective well‐being. Results from regression models and matching analyses show that participating in the citizenship process (or not) is not generally associated with individuals’ life satisfaction.

Featured documents

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