International Migration

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International Migration is a refereed, scientific journal on migration issues as analysed by demographers, geographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists and other social scientists from all parts of the world. It covers the entire field of policy relevance in international migration, giving attention not only to a breadth of topics reflective of policy concerns, but also attention to coverage of all regions of the world. Issues related to the entire ‘migration cycle’ from origin, transit, host, destination, and return and reintegration are all relevant to the journal. Geographic diversity and contributions based on multi-disciplinary research are particular priorities of the journal.

Latest documents

  • Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Migration on Union Dissolution

    This investigation uses data from Nicaragua to evaluate the temporal and geographic influences of migration on union dissolution. We investigate the impact of three migration types: internal (within Nicaragua), South‐South international (to Costa Rica), and South‐North international (to the United States). We perform event history analyses using data from the Latin American Migration Project (LAMP) to test whether longer migrations (time) and migration to international and more distant locations (place), and the combination of these two factors, is associated with increased rate of union dissolution among return migrants. Results suggest that total migration duration and internal migration (relative to non‐migration) are associated with an increased rate of union dissolution. Moreover, a longer duration of migration to any one of the three destinations increases this rate. In order to understand the familial risks associated with migration, then, we must consider both the time and place associated with the migration event.

  • Putting “Canadians First”: Problematizing the Crisis of “Foreign” Workers in Canadian Media and Policy Responses

    Research into media constructions of migrant crises has noted when, where, and how migrants become illegalized, criminalized, and securitized, exposing the relationship between media, migration, and state power. News media, through narratives and lexicon, can portray some migrants as a threat to the fabric of society. This article applies the framework of policing the crisis (Hall et al., ) to discuss the discursive construction of Temporary Migrant Workers (TMWs) in Canadian media and policy. Content and textual analysis of front‐page coverage of newsprint on the Moratorium on TMWs implemented in 2014 demonstrates this process of collective problematization. The Moratorium responded to a concern of replacing Canadians, which was largely unsupported by data. Since then, news coverage has shifted their representation of TMWs from a threat to victims, signalling a critical moment to reimagine TMWs and re‐direct discussions towards granting substantive citizenship rights.

  • Occupational Integration and Challenges Faced by Former North Korean Teachers in South Korea

    This study examines cultural barriers and societal challenges that hinder the occupational integration of former North Korean teachers into the South Korean educational system. As a step toward integrating themselves as professionals into South Korea, these newly arrived immigrants participated in a special government‐funded education programme (NK Academy) in 2010 and 2011. Primary data were collected from 28 interviewees who had attended the NK Academy. Data also include discussions among policymakers, organizers of the NK Academy, and researchers in various interactions in the course of the project. The former North Korean teachers face challenges arising from differences between the two Koreas’ educational systems, a lack of training and evaluation programmes in South Korea, social perceptions and expectations of former North Korean teachers, and social resistance to allowing them to compete for South Korean teaching licenses.

  • Safe Country of Origin: Constructing the Irregularity of Asylum Seekers in Canada

    This article discusses the role of Canada's Designated Country of Origin (DCO) policy in the illegalization of asylum seekers. The policy allows the government to designate countries in which it is presumed that citizens do not face risks of persecution, torture, or similar abuse. Refugee claimants from DCOs are thus subject to accelerated processing timelines with reduced rights. Canada has implemented the policy as a way to deal with a backlog of asylum applications, increase efficiency, and exclude fraudulent refugee claims. Based on a primary field research conducted between October 2015 and May 2017 in three provinces, Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia, this article argues that the DCO policy is likely to have the unintended effect of shifting asylum seekers into an irregular status.

  • The Static and Dynamic Effects of Capital Factors on the Social Adaptation of Chinese Migrant Workers

    The large influx of migrant workers from rural to urban areas indicates that their social adaptation is an important issue in understanding China's urbanization. This article uses Coleman's capital theory to analyse data from the 2012 and 2014 China Labour Force Dynamic Survey (CLDS), conducting a multiple linear regression model to study migrants’ economic, living and cultural adaptations. The results are determined through analysis of the static and dynamic effects of different capital factors. The static analysis results show that social adaptation can be improved by increasing the accumulation of various types of capital, while the dynamic analysis results show that social adaptation is a dynamic process. Optimizing the allocation of the corresponding capital elements can speed up migrant workers’ social adaptation. Therefore, the government must prioritize measures to improve and optimize migrant workers’ capital factors and promote their social adaptation, which will in turn accelerate urbanization in China.

  • Migrant Workers and the Right to Family Accompaniment: A Case for Family Rights in International Law and in Canada

    International human rights instruments provide for protection of the family as the fundamental unit of society. However, a consequent right to family accompaniment, which can be defined as the right of migrants to bring their family members to the destination state, is not sanctioned and continues to be resisted. This article reviews the international and regional legal framework regarding migrants’ family rights. Using Canada as a case study, it explains why labor migration, as currently developing in the country, requires Canada to implement appropriate family accompaniment policies for migrant workers. One key argument is that is in the interest of Canada, as of every state of destination, to facilitate ‐ rather than hinder ‐ migrant workers’ family unity.

  • Living with Compromised Legal Status: Irregular Temporary Foreign Workers in Alberta and the Importance of Imagining, Strategizing, and Inter‐Provincial Legal Consciousness

    This article highlights the manifold ways that migrants strategically use their social networks in order to survive in Alberta with compromised legal status. The conditionality of their status is affected by individual encounters and by new policy developments, showing that their ability to control their life trajectories is constrained by factors beyond their control. Nevertheless, although they experienced high amounts of stress because of their situations, the role played by cognitive processes, which include imagining, strategizing, and what I call “inter‐provincial legal consciousness”, allowed them to exercise agency. These processes allowed them to build communities and networks of support and to imagine potential life paths in other provinces through other provinces’ provincial nominee programmes.

  • A Bride Deficit and Marriage Migration in South Korea

    This article empirically investigates whether cultural, genetic, and linguistic similarities between countries explain marriage migration. The empirical evidence supported by marriage migration data from South Korea shows that the bilateral similarities between Korea and spouse‐sending countries are important pull factors of marriage migration. Furthermore, the pull effects vary across different income levels of sending countries and between the genders of marriage migrants. The positive effects of cultural and genetic similarities are mainly driven by female marriage migrants from middle‐ and low‐income countries in Asia. A female deficit in the marital age group in South Korea may contribute to pulling this type of migration into the country.

  • Editorial
  • Is International Migration Always Good for Left Behind Households Members? Evidence from Children Education in Cameroon

    This study contributes to the debate about the net gain of international migration on development by analyzing the effect of migration on school attendance of children of left‐behind households in Cameroon. A quick literature review shows that migration can impact children's education through two main channels: the “budget constraint” channel and the “family disruption” channel. Based on this literature review, we develop a theoretical framework to highlight the underlying mechanisms. In order to empirically assess the two channels, we use a survey designed for this purpose. Results highlight a detrimental effect of migration on boys’ school attendance, whereas girls are not affected. This negative effect is mainly explained by parental and recent migrations. Thus our empirical results provide evidence on the fact that, in the Cameroonian context, international migration does not always positively influence development, at least as far as children's education is concerned.

Featured documents

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