Chain of Evidence in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Mount Murray Country Club Ltd v Macleod
    • Privy Council
    • 07 Jul 2003

    "In determining what is relevant to a Royal Commission inquiry, regard must be had to its investigatory character. Where broad terms of reference are given to it, as in this case, the commission is not determining issues between parties but conducting a thorough investigation into the subject matter. This flows from the very nature of the inquiry being undertaken."

  • Sociedade Nacional de Combusitveis de Angola UEE and Others v Lundqvist and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 31 Jan 1990

    The substance of the test is thus that there must be grounds to apprehend danger to the witness, and those grounds must be reasonable, rather than fanciful. Other points that emerge from the cases are these:

    Thus, in my judgment, it is sufficient to support a claim to privilege against self-incrimination that the answers sought might lead to a line of inquiry which would or might form a significant step in the chain of evidence required for a prosecution. I find support for this view in the judgments in In Re Westinghouse (supra) and in Rank Film Distributors v. Video Information Centre [1982] A.C. 38.

  • R v Horncastle and another
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 03 Jul 2009

    Unless the defendant consents, it is only the court applying the strict conditions of the CJA 2003 based on evidence that can admit such a statement. Any indication, let alone an assurance, can only give rise to an expectation that this will indeed happen, when if it does the impact of the evidence will be diminished and the disadvantage to the accused may result in it not being given at all.

  • Malone v Metropolitan Police Commissioner
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 26 May 1978

    It seems to me that the line of authorities to which Mr. Serota referred, and to which I do not find it necessary to refer in detail, show that there is no general power in the police, when they have lawfully seized property which is thereafter not the subject of any charge and is clearly shown not to have beenstolen, to retain that property as against the person entitled to possession of it against some uncertain future contingency.

  • R v GULBIR RANA Singh
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 18 Dec 2003

    If two or more people intend and agree to commit an act that they know to be unlawful, then knowledge or mistake as to a fact critical to the success of the conspiracy is immaterial to its proof; the intention is proxy for, or more correctly an alternative to, knowledge of such a fact.

  • Drake Insurance Plc v Provident Insurance Plc
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 17 Dec 2003

    However, in insurance Lord Mansfield's proposition did survive (in a form). Moreover, not all insurance contracts nowadays are made by those who engage in commerce. The existence of widespread insurance contracts of a consumer nature presents new problems. It may be necessary to give wider effect to the doctrine of good faith and recognise that its impact may demand that ultimately regard must be had to a concept of proportionality implicit in fair dealing.

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  • Finance Act 2015
    • England & Wales
    • January 01, 2015
    ...... under this Schedule may not be made later than one year after evidence of facts sufficient in the opinion of the Commissioners to indicate the ... annuity purchased as mentioned in paragraph (c)(ii) that is in the chain of annuities beginning with that prior annuity and ending with the ......
  • Coronavirus Act 2020
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2020
    ...... (i) section 63F of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (retention of section 63D material); . (ii) paragraph 20B or 20C ... S-25 . Power to require information relating to food supply chains 25 Power to require information relating to food supply chains . . (1) ......
  • The Public Contracts Regulations 2015
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2015
    ...... documents,(b) which were received late,(c) where there is evidence of collusion or corruption, or(d) which have been found by the contracting ...'s study and research facilities;(d) an indication of the supply chain management and tracking systems that the economic operator will be able to ......
  • Enterprise Act 2002
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2002
    ...... . . (c) any other customers in a chain of customers beginning with the. customers mentioned in paragraph (a);. . ... . . (b) to give evidence to the Commission or a person nominated by the. Commission for the ......
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