Charter of Fundamental Rights in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Golden Eye (International) Ltd v Telefónica UK Ltd
    • Chancery Division
    • 26 Marzo 2012

    1. Any limitation on the exercise of the rights and freedoms recognised by this Charter must be provided for by law and respect the essence of those rights and freedoms. Subject to the principle of proportionality, limitations may be made only if they are necessary and genuinely meet objectives of general interest recognised by the Union or the need to protect the rights and freedoms of others.

    First, the Claimants' copyrights are property rights protected by Article 1 of the First Protocol to the ECHR and intellectual property rights within Article 17(2) of the Charter. Secondly, the right to privacy under Article 8(1) ECHR/Article 7 of the Charter and the right to the protection of personal data under Article 8 of the Charter are engaged by the present claim. Thirdly, the Claimants' copyrights are "rights of others" within Article 8(2) ECHR/Article 52(1) of the Charter.

  • Bank Mellat v HM Treasury (No 2)
    • Supreme Court
    • 19 Junio 2013

    The approach adopted in Oakes can be summarised by saying that it is necessary to determine (1) whether the objective of the measure is sufficiently important to justify the limitation of a protected right, (2) whether the measure is rationally connected to the objective, (3) whether a less intrusive measure could have been used without unacceptably compromising the achievement of the objective, and (4) whether, balancing the severity of the measure's effects on the rights of the persons to whom it applies against the importance of the objective, to the extent that the measure will contribute to its achievement, the former outweighs the latter.

  • ZH (Tanzania) v Secretary of State for the Home Department
    • Supreme Court
    • 01 Febrero 2011

    This is not, it is agreed, a factor of limitless importance in the sense that it will prevail over all other considerations. It is a factor, however, that must rank higher than any other. It is not merely one consideration that weighs in the balance alongside other competing factors. Where the best interests of the child clearly favour a certain course, that course should be followed unless countervailing reasons of considerable force displace them.

  • Tariq v Home Office
    • Supreme Court
    • 13 Julio 2011

    A national court, faced with an issue of effective legal protection or, putting the same point in different terms, access to effective procedural justice, can be confident that both European courts, Luxembourg and Strasbourg, will have the same values and will expect and accept similar procedures.

  • R (on the application of Lumsdon and Others) v Legal Services Board
    • Supreme Court
    • 24 Junio 2015

    Proportionality as a general principle of EU law involves a consideration of two questions: first, whether the measure in question is suitable or appropriate to achieve the objective pursued; and secondly, whether the measure is necessary to achieve that objective, or whether it could be attained by a less onerous method.

  • R (on the Application of EM (Eritrea)) and Others v Secretary of State for the Home Department [Sup Ct]
    • Supreme Court
    • 19 Febrero 2014

    The critical test remains that articulated in Soering v United Kingdom (1989) 11 EHRR 439. The removal of a person from a member state of the Council of Europe to another country is forbidden if it is shown that there is a real risk that the person transferred will suffer treatment contrary to article 3 of ECHR.

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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
  • European Commission criticised for refusal to disclose documents on UK opt-out from Charter of Fundamental Rights
    • LexBlog United Kingdom
    The European Ombudsman, responsible for investigating complaints about maladministration in the institutions and bodies of the EU, has continued his strong criticism of the European Commission’s re...
  • Legal Challenge To Remove Immigration Exception From UK Data Protection Act
    • JD Supra United Kingdom
    An application for judicial review was filed in the UK High Court on 28 August 2018, seeking to have the immigration exemption in the UK’s Data Protection Act 2018 (“DPA 2018”) removed on the groun...
    ... ... Regulation (“GDPR”) and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ... ...
  • The CJEU Gives the UK Government Another Brexit Dilemma
    • LexBlog United Kingdom
    In yet another key case dealing with the balance between citizens' privacy and the ability of the state to intrude into it, the Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled on the compatibility...
    ... ... Law Society of England and Wales, the Open Rights Group, and Privacy International. The CJEU ... Directive, Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Unionwhich ... ...
  • Great Repeal Bill – A Change Would Do You Good
    • Mondaq UK
    ... ... and converting into domestic law other EU rights and obligations (eg Treaty rights) (clause 4) ... in Clause 5 (significantly, that the Charter of Fundamental Rights is not preserved, and EU ... ...
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