Crime and Sentencing Robbery with Aggravation in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Connelly v DPP
    • House of Lords
    • 21 Abril 1964
    ... ... The Appellant took part in an armed robbery. In the course of that robbery one of the robbers ... , but I cannot disregard the fact that with certain exceptions it has been held proper in a ... the three others) with robbery with aggravation contrary to section 23 (1) ( a ) of the Larceny ... he had not been present at the scene of the crime. He made an alternative submission that if he was ... ...
  • Norris v Government of the United States of America (No 2)
    • Supreme Court
    • 24 Febrero 2010
    ... ... LORD PHILLIPS , with whom all the members of the court agree ... cooperation in the fight against crime ... 6 The relevant treaty in the ... He then committed a robbery for which he received a two year prison sentence ... regard to the anti-trust violations in sentencing him for obstruction of justice. The Divisional ... 1100 on non-extraditable offences as aggravation). The Divisional Court refused to certify as a ... ...
  • R v Offen and Others (No 1)
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 09 Noviembre 2000
    ... ... five appeals all involve section 2 of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 'the 1997 Act'. (This is now ... 109 Powers of the Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000. In this judgment we will refer to ... Act'), or that section 2 is incompatible with a Convention right so that the appellants are ... ) of the Firearms Act 1968; and (h)robbery where, at some time during the commission of the ... ' in order to prevent a retrospective aggravation of the penalty that was applicable for the ... ...
  • Ali v State of Trinidad and Tobago; Tiwari v Same
    • Privy Council
    • 02 Noviembre 2005
    ... ... a jury on counts of rape, two charges of robbery with aggravation and arson. He was unrepresented ... apply afresh the principles of sentencing. It must take all relevant facts into ... because of the high level of very serious crime and, largely, as Nelson JA said at para 49 of his ... ...
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Books & Journal Articles
  • The Hate Threshold
    • No. 23-3, September 2014
    • Social & Legal Studies
    Hate crime laws have emerged within a climate of penal expansion and identity politics. They contain ideological claims designed to reconfigure social norms and regimes of difference. This article ...
    ... ... in the Construction of Prejudice-motivated Crime Gail Mason University of Sydney, Australia ... Analysis of Australian sentencing aggravation law reveals that co urts have set a ... effect by sending the message that ‘people with dis- abilities, particular sexual orientations ... - native motive for the offence, such as robbery or a pre-existing dispute with the victim, the ... ...
  • Multiple-Victim Murder, Multiple Murders and Sched. 21 to the Criminal Justice Act 2003
    • No. 75-2, April 2011
    • Journal of Criminal Law, The
    A small proportion of convicted murderers kill more than one victim: some kill two or more victims by a single act; others kill one at a time. Schedule 21 to the Criminal Justice Act 2003 identifie...
    ... ... furtherance of a robbery or burglary, or for payment, or in the ... defendant intended to obstruct or interfere with the course of ... justice by committing the ... Where there is no such accompanying aggravation, there should be a lower starting point (of 30 ... than exhaustive4 and it is for the sentencing judges to ... 4 See the text relating to n. 3 ... proportionate sentences the gravity of any crime is a combination of the actual or threatened harm ... ...
  • Legal Commentary Sentencing Youths: Distinctiveness and Individualism
    • No. 13-2, August 2013
    • Youth Justice
    ... ... time of their offence (armed commercial robbery and looting), media reporting also expressed ... As a starting point for those less familiar with youth justice in the United Kingdom, it may be ... offending by children and young persons (Crime and Disorder Act 1998 s.37(1)). Courts ... The principal aggravation lay in the robbery being committed by a group ... ...
  • The individualization of punishment: Sentencing in Slovenia
    • No. 10-4, July 2013
    • European Journal of Criminology
    Sentencing issues are discussed at length in common law systems, but discussions infrequently include civil law systems. In an attempt to remedy this oversight somewhat, the article analyses the se...
    ... ... With regard to criminal justice issues, it has ely low crime and imprisonment rates, but the latter has been ... crime > 5 years > 5 years 1–8 years Robbery (Art. 206) Use of threat and/or force Multiple ... 4 Mitigation and aggravation Mitigating and aggravating circumstances are ... ...
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