natural person legal definition

3801 results for natural person legal definition

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  • Ivey v Genting Casinos UK Ltd (t/a Crockfords Club), Court of Appeal - Civil Division, November 04, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 1093

    1. The principal issue on this appeal is whether a method of play called ``edge-sorting'', which involves exploiting design irregularities on the backs of playing cards, results in cheating when playing Punto Banco, a variant of Baccarat. In Punto Banco, a single player plays against the casino or ``house'' offering the game. The appellant, Mr P...

    ...It is possible for a sharp-eyed person sitting close to the shoe to see which long edge ... in Baker and Milsom, Sources of English Legal History, (2nd ed) (Oxford University Press, 2010) ... is consistent with the dictionary definition of cheating. The steps taken in the present ... which falls within the ordinary and natural meaning of the word cheating, and I find support ...

  • James v James & Ors, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, January 19, 2018, [2018] EWHC 43 (Ch)

    1. This is my judgment on the trial of a claim arising out of the will of Charles Frederick Allen James. He was born on 25 May 1931 and died on 27 August 2012, aged 81 years, having made a will dated 16 September 2010. The claimant is his only son, Raymond Allen James, commonly called ``Sam''. The defendants are his two sisters, Karen James and Ser...

    ...Thus, at the testator's death in 2012, the legal title remained in Sandra alone, but (if the ...) has recently commented: ``There is no definition of proprietary estoppel that is both ... reasonably expect to be relied upon by the person to whom it was made'.''. Lord Rodger expressly ... his witness statement that this was the ``natural progression''. Andrew Mills's evidence that the ...

  • BNM v MGN Ltd, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, November 07, 2017, [2017] EWCA Civ 1767

    1. The principal issue of law in this appeal is whether the former proportionality test in the old CPR 44.4(2) or the new proportionality test in the current CPR 44.3(2) and (5) applies on a standard basis of assessment to a pre-commencement funding arrangement as defined in the current CPR 48. 2. Expressed in less technical language and directed m...

    ... phone, which contained private and personal information, including information linking her ... an ATE insurance policy from Temple Legal Protection Limited. That provided indemnity of ...57. The definition of ``costs'' in the new CPR 44.1(1), for the ... Costs Judge, that, on the ordinary and natural meaning of the words in the definition of ...

  • R (on the application of Byndloss) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent)

    ... LLP) (Instructed by The Government Legal . Department) Appellant (Byndloss) ... a human rights claim has been made by a person ('P') who is liable to deportation under - . (a) ... argument that it had been in breach of natural justice for the Home Secretary, as the respondent ...The Home Secretary argues that, by definition, the foreign criminal will have been in . Page 20 ...

  • R (on the application of Kiarie) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent)

    ... LLP) (Instructed by The Government Legal . Department) Appellant (Byndloss) ... a human rights claim has been made by a person ('P') who is liable to deportation under - . (a) ... argument that it had been in breach of natural justice for the Home Secretary, as the respondent ...The Home Secretary argues that, by definition, the foreign criminal will have been in . Page 20 ...

  • Actavis UK Ltd & Ors v Eli Lilly & Company, Court of Appeal - Patents Court, May 15, 2014, [2014] EWHC 1511 (Pat)

    1. Pemetrexed disodium is a cancer treatment which has been marketed by the Defendant (``Lilly'') or its subsidiaries under the brand name Alimta since 2004. Pemetrexed and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts were protected by European Patent No. 0 432 677 (``677''), which expired on 10 December 2010. The protection conferred by that patent has b...

    ...The skilled person or team 46-64. UK law: general ...He obtained a BA in Natural Sciences (Chemistry) from Cambridge University in ... to 2001 he was a national expert in the Legal Service of the European Commission. From 2001 to ... and [0028]-[0029] contain a number of definitions, including the following:. ``[0021] As used ...

  • Bucnys (Appellant) v Ministry of Justice, Lithuania (Respondent)

    ... 1 of the Extradition Act 2003 of three persons wanted to serve sentences imposed upon their ..."GENERAL PRINCIPLES . Article 1 . Definition of the European arrest warrant and obligation to ... respect fundamental rights and fundamental legal principles as enshrined in Article 6 of the ...It is natural that any certificate required should look at the ...

  • Lavrov (Respondent) v Ministry of Justice, Estonia (Appellant)

    ... 1 of the Extradition Act 2003 of three persons wanted to serve sentences imposed upon their ..."GENERAL PRINCIPLES . Article 1 . Definition of the European arrest warrant and obligation to ... respect fundamental rights and fundamental legal principles as enshrined in Article 6 of the ...It is natural that any certificate required should look at the ...

  • Sakalis (Appellant) v Ministry of Justice, Lithuania (Respondent)

    ... 1 of the Extradition Act 2003 of three persons wanted to serve sentences imposed upon their ..."GENERAL PRINCIPLES . Article 1 . Definition of the European arrest warrant and obligation to ... respect fundamental rights and fundamental legal principles as enshrined in Article 6 of the ...It is natural that any certificate required should look at the ...

  • TOC Investments Corporation v Beppler & Jacobson Ltd & Ors, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, January 08, 2016, [2016] EWHC 20 (Ch)

    1. By an application dated 13 November 2014 TOC Investments Corporation (``TOC'') seeks declaratory relief and orders requiring the first Respondent, Beppler & Jacobson Limited (``BJUK''), to reimburse TOC in respect of amounts totalling some £2.685m advanced by TOC on account of fees, expenses, disbursements and any other costs (``the Fees'') incu...

    ... the evidence as too late, too long, largely legal argument, and irrelevant. Mr Wolfson accepted ... for the Company and they shall incur no personal liability whatsoever howsoever such liability ... absence of any provisions that might naturally be expected if the Funding Agreement was intended ...'' were put forward; and dictionary definitions confirmed that the meaning would depend on the ...

  • Aitken v Director of Public Prosecutions, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, April 23, 2015, [2015] EWHC 1079 (Admin)

    1. Is a newspaper editor a person who publishes the contents of the newspaper? Most media law specialists would be likely to respond to the question with puzzlement. In civil claims for libel or misuse of private information editors are often sued as publishers of articles that are complained of. The law attributes responsibility for what is pu...

    ...Introduction. 1. Is a newspaper editor a person who publishes the contents of the newspaper? ... document prepared for use in particular legal proceedings.''. 25. The effect of this broad ... words should be given their ordinary and natural meaning. . 39. I do not accept Mr Bailin's ...Even without that definition it would be obvious, as in earlier statutes, that ...

  • Arbuthnott v Bonnyman & Ors, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, May 20, 2015, [2015] EWCA Civ 536

    1. This is an appeal from the order of Asplin J dated 8 May 2014 dismissing the petition of the appellant, Geoffrey Arbuthnott, pursuant to section 994 of the Companies Act 2006 (``the 2006 Act'') claiming that the affairs of the 19th respondent, Charterhouse Capital Limited (``the Company''), have been conducted in a manner unfairly prejudicial to...

    ... if such a purchaser is a "connected person" within the definition of Section 839 of the ...Relevant legal principles. 43. Section 994(1) of the 2006 Act ... Nothing would have been more natural than that they should have confidence that any ...

  • Rayner v The Lord Chancellor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, November 09, 2015, [2015] EWCA Civ 1124

    1. The Respondent to this appeal, Mr Nicholas Rayner, was the defendant in an action brought against him by Mrs Kumari Murphy, who became his carer after he suffered a serious stroke. Part of her claim in the action was for a share in his flat and in his investments, title to which was vested in two off-shore companies which he owned and controlle...

    ... QC and Mr John Gimlette (instructed by Legal Aid Agency, Central Legal Team) for the Appellant ... Mr Mansfield submitted that that was the natural reading of the words as a matter of language and ... That takes us to the definition of ``funded proceedings'' in regulation 2 (1) - ... a situation in which the assisted person begins to receive legal aid `after the ...

  • Reinhard v Ondra LLP & Ors (Rev 1), Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, January 14, 2015, [2015] EWHC 26 (Ch)

    1. This is the trial of liability of the claim by the Claimant (``Mr Reinhard'') for damages, declarations and other relief relating to a written contract with the first Defendant (``Ondra'') dated 15 July 2009 and countersigned by Mr Reinhard on 11 September 2009 (``the Contract''). Mr Reinhard joined Ondra on the terms of the Contract. The princ...

    ... as events have turned out, appropriate legal formalities were not dealt with as thoroughly or ... They took substantial personal financial risks in setting up the firm, more or ... February 2009 LLP Agreement contains a definition of ``LLP Interest'' as meaning ``the interest of ... and the interests of the clients would naturally be far less than in the sort of business of which ...

  • Cooper, R (on the application of) v Ashford Borough Council & Anor, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, June 24, 2016, [2016] EWHC 1525 (Admin)

    1. This is an application for judicial review of the grant of planning permission by Ashford Borough Council for four gypsy pitches and associated development at Milee, Nickley Wood Road, near the village of Shadoxhurst in Kent. The Claimant, Mr Raymond Cooper, who lives nearby, was given permission to bring this claim by Lang J. 2. On behalf of th...

    ...(instructed by Council's Head of Legal & Democratic Services) for the Defendant . The ... sites causing cumulative harm to the semi-natural ancient woodland in the area. (iv) Finally he ... its stated objective and whether a personal permission should have been imposed instead. ... a statement of case within the definition of that term for the purpose of the CPR in CPR ...

  • HM Revenue and Customs v Insurancewide.Com Services Ltd & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, April 22, 2010, [2010] EWCA Civ 422

    1. The two appeals, to which this judgment relates, concern the exemption from Value Added Tax (``VAT'') contained in Schedule 9, Group 2, Item 4 to the Value Added Tax Act 1994 (``VATA 1994'') for the provision of services by an insurance broker or insurance agent of any of the services of an insurance intermediary (``the Insurance Intermediary Ex...

    ... VAT Directive does not contain, any definition of the expressions ``insurance brokers'', ...(a) professional activities of persons who, acting with complete freedom as to their ...``(5) `insurance intermediary' means any natural or legal person who, for remuneration, takes up ...

  • Instant Access Properties Ltd v Rosser & Ors, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, April 13, 2018, [2018] EWHC 756 (Ch)

    1. Between 2003 and going into administration, and then liquidation, in 2008, Instant Access Properties Ltd (``IAP'') received substantial sums by way of commission in relation to sales of residential properties acquired by members of IAP, principally as investments. The commission in question was directly or indirectly received from the developers...

    ...The Second Defendant appeared in Person. The Third Defendant did not appear and was not ... and Ms Forth but instead were different legal persons, namely, the trustees of certain ... in the 2006 Act to ensure that there is a natural person to whom responsibility is attributed. The .... (1) The definition of a shadow director is to be construed in the ...

  • Onzm v Watson & Ors, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, July 31, 2018, [2018] EWHC 2016 (Ch)

    2. When the trial started, the claim was being pursued against all Defendants, and the action was one of three sets of related proceedings that had been managed and were being tried at the same time, the other two being a derivative action brought by Novatrust Ltd (``Novatrust'') on behalf of Spartan Capital Ltd (``Spartan'') against Kea Investment...

    ...Mr Leahy in person for himself and Nucopia Partners Ltd. Hearing ... mean to suggest by that that Mr Watson's legal team acted in any way other than entirely ... to have been entirely wrong, which naturally again reduces the confidence I can have in him. ... consistently declined to provide a definition, or even a uniform description, of a fiduciary ...

  • Assaubayev& Ors v Michael Wilson & Partners Ltd, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, November 20, 2014, [2014] EWCA Civ 1491

    1. The question in this appeal is whether the judge was wrong to stay a claim by which the Appellants challenged the entitlement of the Respondent to recover legal fees in circumstances where, as they contend, the Court itself has and should exercise its supervisory jurisdiction over solicitors and others in relation to the matters of which they co...

    ... entitlement of the Respondent to recover legal fees in circumstances where, as they contend, the ...iv) an authorised person under the Legal Services Act 2007. It could not ...There follows an extensive definition. A legal services body may, but need not, be a ... on the footing that it only applies to natural persons (``Any unqualified person who ..uses any ...

  • Investment Management Regulatory Update - Q2 2012

    ... that currently fall outside of the definition of 'platform service provider'. However, the FSA ... other team members before delivering a personal recommendation.   This is a departure from the ... around the circumstances under which a natural or legal person is considered to own a financial ...

  • SB (India) and CB (India) v Secretary of State for the Home Department, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, May 12, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 451

    1. This case raises the issue whether, in the particular circumstances of this case, the Secretary of State's decision to sanction the removal of a married lesbian couple back to India, was a flagrant violation or complete denial of their rights to family life under article 8(1) of the European Convention of Human Rights (``the Convention''), and,

    ... Mr Andrew Byass (instructed by Government Legal Department) for the Respondent. Hearing date: ... (``FTT'') that the risk to their personal safety if they returned to India would be ... its review verdict violated principles of natural justice and the judges were biased -- and opt for ... Law (Amendment) Act 2013 to the definition of rape in section 375, which was amended to ...

  • Cherney v Deripaska, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, July 03, 2008, [2008] EWHC 1530 (Comm)

    1. This is an application for permission to serve the claim form on Mr Oleg Deripaska, the defendant, out of the jurisdiction. The original claim form was issued on 24th November 2006. It was purportedly served on Mr Deripaska by service on a security guard at his house in Belgrave Square on 26th November 2006. In a judgment of 3rd May 2007 Langley...

    ... a concept not capable of very precise definition which reflects that the plaintiff must properly ...It is natural, for example, in a case concerned with a contract ... security service, including retired personnel, that there were threats to his safety. He ... interest in Radom and always held his legal interest on Mr Cherney's behalf. He had a nominee ...

  • Torre Asset Funding Ltd & Anor v The Royal Bank of Scotland Plc, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, September 03, 2013, [2013] EWHC 2670 (Ch)

    1. This claim arises out of structured lending to a property company, Dunedin Property Industrial Fund (Holdings) Limited (``Dunedin'') and associated entities, which encountered difficulties resulting in it going into default in 2008 and entering administrative receivership in September 2008. The lending was called in and the security realised at

    ... JMFA included the following relevant definitions in clause 1:. ``1. DEFINITIONS AND ... two directors of the Borrower (without personal liability). .. 19.4 Information Properties. (a) ...Any corporate action, legal proceedings or step is taken in relation to:. (a) ...The natural and obvious inference is that the parties ...

  • Saga Group Ltd & Anor v Paul, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, July 28, 2016, [2016] EWHC 2344 (Ch)

    1. This is my extemporary judgment on the hearing of the claimants' application for summary judgment on their claim for rectification of a deed dated 18th August 2003 (to which I shall refer as ``the 2003 Deed'') which was a new definitive deed and provided new rules for the Saga Group Pension and Life Assurance Scheme (to which I shall refer as ``

    ... to CPR 19.7(2), to ensure that all persons with competing interests in the outcome of the ... has been provided with independent legal advice from specialist solicitors, Allen & Overy ... By definition, it is not a point as to which the parties have ... That is because a company, as a non-natural person, is not itself able to have any intention. ...

  • Scotland Act 2016

    Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:— PART 1 Constitutional arrangements The Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Government 1 Permanence of the Scottish Parlia...

    ... Interpretation provision, omit the definitions of “Digital service” and “Ordinary local ... returning officer for any region is the person designated as such in accordance with an order ... 1 of the Petroleum Act 1998 in its natural state in strata.”. 48 Onshore petroleum: ...(2) Anything (including legal proceedings) which is in the process of being ...