natural person legal definition

3819 results for natural person legal definition

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  • Prest (Appellant) v Petrodel Resources Limited and others (Respondents)

    ...PRL was the legal owner of the matrimonial home, which was bought ... showed that the separate legal personality of the company could not be disregarded unless it ... most legal relationships between persons (natural or artificial) on the fundamental assumption that ...The breadth and inclusiveness of this definition of the relevant resources of the parties to the ...

  • R (on the application of AM) (AP) (Respondent) v The Director of Public Prosecutions (Appellant)

    .... Page 4 . The legal and policy background . The domestic law ... murder involves the perpetrator killing a person when intending either to kill or to inflict ... although sufficient to come within the definition of the offence, were of only minor encouragement .... 186. .. Naturally, it would come as no surprise at all for the DPP ...

  • R (on the application of AM) (AP) (Respondent) v The Director of Public Prosecutions (Appellant)

    .... Page 4 . The legal and policy background . The domestic law ... murder involves the perpetrator killing a person when intending either to kill or to inflict ... although sufficient to come within the definition of the offence, were of only minor encouragement .... 186. .. Naturally, it would come as no surprise at all for the DPP ...

  • Torre Asset Funding Ltd & Anor v The Royal Bank of Scotland Plc, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, September 03, 2013, [2013] EWHC 2670 (Ch)

    1. This claim arises out of structured lending to a property company, Dunedin Property Industrial Fund (Holdings) Limited (``Dunedin'') and associated entities, which encountered difficulties resulting in it going into default in 2008 and entering administrative receivership in September 2008. The lending was called in and the security realised at

    ... JMFA included the following relevant definitions in clause 1:. ``1. DEFINITIONS AND ... two directors of the Borrower (without personal liability). .. 19.4 Information Properties. (a) ...Any corporate action, legal proceedings or step is taken in relation to:. (a) ...The natural and obvious inference is that the parties ...

  • Integral Petroleum SA v SCU-Finanz AG, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, March 14, 2014, [2014] EWHC 702 (Comm)

    1. This is an application by the Defendant ("SCU-Finanz") to set aside a judgment entered in default of service of defence in favour of the Claimant ("Integral") for US$ 1,078,547 plus costs to be assessed. SCU-Finanz contends that the judgment must be set aside as of right pursuant to CPR 13.2; alternatively that the Court ought to exercise its d...

    ... to or left at" that address (or personal service or another method specifically ordered by ... Cohen had been identified as the chosen legal representative for the Defendant and he had ... For natural persons it may connote legal capability ... may act through prokurists, and a definition of the extent of the power and authority of such ...

  • K (A Child) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, July 18, 2018, [2018] EWHC 1834 (Admin)

    1. It is said to be a wise child who knows his own father. It might be thought, having read the facts of this case, that it is an even wiser child who knows who is deemed to be her father for the purposes of the British Nationality Act 1981 as amended (``the BNA 1981''). But, as the facts of this case also show, this can be an important questio...

    ...-Paul Waite (instructed by the Government Legal Department) for the Defendant. Hearing date: 22nd ... 1981 provided at the relevant time that a person born in the United Kingdom or a qualifying ... other than as giving priority to the definition of paternity in section 50(9A)(a) and (b) over ... pass on his British nationality to his natural child. 30. This was the holding of the Court of ...

  • Erlam & Ors v Rahman & Anor, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, April 23, 2015, [2015] EWHC 1215 (QB)

    1 22 May 2014 was Election Day throughout the United Kingdom. There was a nationwide election for members of the European Parliament. Many local authorities had council elections and a few local authorities had mayoral elections. The London Borough of Tower Hamlets had all three. While undoubtedly making practical sense to hold all the relevant ele...

    ... for his pains Punch 29 February 1868 `A Legal Difficulty'. All to no avail. The reason is ... may be questioned on the ground that the person whose election is questioned -. (a) was at the ...55 The locus classicus of the definition is a case arising out of the General Election of ... who were influencing them, and men whose natural instinct would be to obey the orders of their ...

  • Globe Motors, Inc & Ors v TRW Lucas Varity Electric Steering Ltd & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, April 20, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 396

    1. This is an appeal against the order of HHJ Mackie QC dated 11 November 2014 following a 32 day trial between March and June 2014 in the London Mercantile Court. The appellant, TRW LucasVarity Electric Steering Ltd (``TRW Lucas'') produces electric power-assisted steering (``EPAS'') systems which sense drivers' input to the steering wheel and pro...

    ...He regarded the definition of "Products" to be primarily that at Premise A ... burdensome way it could consistent with its legal obligations. What Mr Downes characterised as the ... parties by reference to "what a reasonable person having all the background knowledge which would ... to be assessed in the light of (i) the natural and ordinary meaning of the clause, (ii) any ...

  • Halborg v EMW Law LLP, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, June 23, 2017, [2017] EWCA Civ 793

    1. This appeal raises a short but important issue, namely whether a Limited Liability Partnership (``LLP'') of solicitors, which is a party to litigation and acts as its own legal representative in the proceedings, is a litigant in person within CPR 46 and so can only recover the level of costs allowed to litigants in person under CPR 46.5(2) and P...

    ... a party to litigation and acts as its own legal representative in the proceedings, is a litigant in person within CPR 46 and so can only recover the level ... (v) mirror the persons included in the definition of ``legal representative'' in CPR 2.3(1) and (as ..., and in those cases it is perfectly natural to read the references as including an authorised ...

  • Friends of the Earth Ltd & Anor, R (on the application of) v North Yorkshire County Council & Anor, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, December 20, 2016, [2016] EWHC 3303 (Admin)

    1. In this rolled-up hearing of a claim for judicial review, the Claimants seek permission to challenge the decision of North Yorkshire County Council (``the Council'') made on 27 May 2016 to grant planning permission to Third Energy UK Gas Limited (``Third Energy'') to carry out hydraulic fracturing, or `fracking' on a site known as the ``KMA well...

    ... White QC and Gwion Lewis (instructed by Legal & Democratic Services) for the Defendant. ...natural gas for commercial purposes where the amount ... any representations duly made by any other person about the environmental effects of the ... the document is sufficient to meet the definition of an environmental statement... 33. The local ...

  • Leibson Corporation & Ors v TOC Investments Corporation & Ors, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, April 17, 2018, [2018] EWCA Civ 763

    1. This is an appeal against the order of Hildyard J dated 13 April 2016 (``the Order'') declaring that Beppler & Jacobson Limited (``BJUK''), which is owned by the appellants, is liable to reimburse the first respondent to the appeal, TOC Investments Corporation (``TOC''), in the sum of £2,685,206.81. TOC (a company originally registered in the Br...

    ... to provide the assistance of the TNK-BP legal team to Caldero, and, according to Mr Becirovic's ... amongst others and that the definition of ``fees'' was not limited to the actual fees ... for the Company and they shall incur no personal liability whatsoever howsoever such liability ... absence of any provisions that might naturally be expected if the funding agreement was intended ...

  • Reliance Industries Ltd & Anor v The Union of India, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, April 16, 2018, [2018] EWHC 822 (Comm)

    1. In these proceedings the Claimants make nine challenges to parts of an arbitration award dated 12 October 2016 (``the Award''). The challenges are made variously under the provisions of sections 67, 68 and 69 of the Arbitration Act 1996 (``the 1996 Act''). 2. The dispute between the parties arises under two Production Sharing Contracts (``PSCs...

    ... field albeit producing some associated natural gas. The ``Contractor'' comprises the two ... is important to bear in mind that the definition of these issues, and the arrangement of the Award ...The legal framework. 12. This challenge is brought under s. ... he is to any extent relying on his own personal experience in a specific way then that again is ...

  • Lehman Brothers Special Financing Inc v National Power Corporation & Anor, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, March 12, 2018, [2018] EWHC 487 (Comm)

    1. This case involves a return to the subject of calculation of Close-out Amount under the 2002 ISDA (International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc.) Master Agreement. Is it open to a Determining Party to remake a determination of Close-out Amount? Did the change in wording from ``reasonably determines in good faith'' in the 1992 ISDA Master...

    ...15. The material definitions under Section 14 of the 2002 ISDA Master ... or group of Terminated Transactions and legal fees and out-of-pocket expenses referred to in ... parties by reference to what a reasonable person having all the background knowledge that would .... 50. The natural meaning of the language of the Section suggests, ...

  • King & Ors v Environment Agency, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, January 19, 2018, [2018] EWHC 65 (QB)

    1. The claimants own or farm land adjacent to the River Severn at Minsterworth Ham, near Gloucester, which at various times has been flooded, despite the existence of a flood defence embankment around their land erected and maintained by the Environment Agency and its predecessors. The Environment Agency is an executive non-departmental public body...

    ... Lewis and Heather Sargent (instructed by Legal Services, Environment Agency) for the Defendant. ... against control of or interference with a person's property. A1P1 is also invoked in conjunction ... the purpose of maintaining or restoring natural processes;. (f) to monitor, investigate or survey ...At present it does not meet the definition: it is farmland, not washland. . 130. Nor are the ...

  • Energy Venture Partners Ltd v Malabu Oil and Gas Ltd, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, July 17, 2013, [2013] EWHC 2118 (Comm)

    1. In this claim, the Claimant, Energy Venture Partners Ltd (``EVP'' or ``the Claimant''), a company registered under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, seeks payment of fees allegedly due to it from the Defendant, Malabu Oil and Gas Ltd (``Malabu'' or ``the Defendant''), a company registered under the laws of Nigeria, in relation to the sale

    ...6. Mr. Obi dealt personally with all aspects of the transaction which is the ...Agaev's company, International Legal Consulting Limited (``ILC'') and Malabu, (``the ... have required modification if the definition of "the OPL Assets" was intended to refer to a ... and assistance in finding funding for the natural resource industries and the power and ...

  • Fennell v Halliwells LLP, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, July 22, 2014, [2014] EWHC 2744 (Ch)

    1 This is the trial of a Part 8 claim issued on 8th January 2014. Mr. Steven Charles Fennell, the claimant, is a practising solicitor and licensed insolvency practitioner, and he was formerly a Fixed Share Member (or FSM) in the solicitors' practice of Halliwells LLP. Halliwells entered into administration on 20th July 2010 by an order made by Ki...

    ... submissions, following a series of definitions, set out in clause 1.1, the Retirement Deed: . ... Deed would convey to a reasonable person, having the background knowledge which would ... 'rule' that words should be given their 'natural and ordinary meaning' reflects the common sense ...(g) Mr. Fennell's legal relationship with the LLP, until the execution of ...

  • Edge Tools & Equipment Ltd v Greatstar Europe Ltd, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, February 02, 2018, [2018] EWHC 170 (QB)

    1. Edge Tools & Equipment Ltd (``Edge'') is a family-owned company. Mr Ian Clarke owns 85% of its shares. The remainder are owned by Mrs Debra Clarke and their sons Henry and Jack. Edge designs, manufactures, develops and sells, amongst other things, professional and DIY grade diamond blades. There are many diamond blades on the market. To the untu...

    ... of commencement or for the duration of G2's legal licence with JCB. Point 5 provided that G2 and ... to critical scrutiny and to gauge the personality, motivations and working practices of a witness, ...c. £751K plus 30% of gross profit. Definition of costs is FOB cost of product + delivery + duty ... by the parties and that the natural inference, looking at the matter objectively, is ...

  • Ong & Ors v Ping, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, June 17, 2015, [2015] EWHC 1742 (Ch)

    1. Although the facts involved in this dispute are lengthy and detailed, I will give a basic account of what the dispute is about. The claim concerns a substantial house at 39 Sheldon Avenue, London, N6 and the proceeds of sale of that house. In early 1986, the house was bought by Madam Lim, who was the mother of the Defendant (``Ping''), the mothe...

    ... is much wider than a dispute about the legal consequences of what was done in 1986. There was ... the house to Ping and Tjoan and one other person who should hold the house as trustees for Tjoan, ...Clause 1 contained definitions. The beneficiaries were defined by reference to ...Further, it is more natural to think of Tjoan alone as the licensee rather ...

  • B v The General Medical Council, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, June 28, 2018, [2018] EWCA Civ 1497

    1. In this case the General Medical Council [``GMC''] appeals the Order of Soole J of 23 September 2016, in which the judge granted an injunction against the GMC restraining disclosure of an expert report. The central facts are agreed between the parties and the claim has proceeded under CPR part 8, on the basis that there was no substantial dispu...

    ...Robin Hopkins (instructed by GMC Legal) for the Apellant/Defendant. Anya Proops QC ... whom was medical and one of whom was a lay person, had taken the decision that there should be no ... personal data'' of P, within the definition in s.2(1)(e) of the DPA. However, it seems to me ... As I see it, the more natural reading of section 7(4) DPA is that the data ...

  • GPF GP SARL v The Republic of Poland (Rev 1), Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, March 02, 2018, [2018] EWHC 409 (Comm)

    1. The parties appear before the Court on the hearing of an application on the part of GPF GP S.à.r.l (``Griffin'') under section 67 of the Arbitration Act 1996 (the ``1996 Act'') challenging on jurisdictional grounds an Award on Jurisdiction dated 15 February 2017 (the ``Award'') in SCC Arbitration V 2014/168 (the ``Arbitration'') rendered by a t...

    ...(a) personal and real property as well as any other rights in ...Any change to the legal form in which the assets and capital have been ... ``Despite the different nuances in the definition of those principles formulated by those and other ... be the case with a manifest failure of natural justice in judicial proceedings or a complete ...

  • Jetivia SA & Anor v Bilta (UK) Ltd & Ors, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, July 31, 2013, [2013] EWCA Civ 968

    1. This is an appeal by the sixth and seventh defendants, Jetivia S.A. (``Jetivia'') and Mr Urs Brunschweiler (``Mr Brunschweiler''), against an order of the Chancellor of the High Court dismissing their applications for the summary dismissal or striking out of the claims against them in this action. The appeal is brought with the leave of the Cha...

    ... whether a plaintiff founds himself on a legal or equitable title: he is entitled to recover if ...Mr Prest is of course not the first person to ignore the separate personality of his company ... in language primarily applicable to a natural person and require some act or state of mind on ..., "whatever decisions he made were, by definition, authorised by, and made on behalf of, the ...

  • British Telecommunications plc v Office Of Communications (OFCOM) & Ors, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, May 04, 2017, [2017] EWCA Civ 330

    1. There are before the court an appeal by British Telecommunications Plc (``BT'') and an appeal by TalkTalk Telecom Group Plc (``TalkTalk'') against different parts of orders made by the Competition Appeal Tribunal (``CAT'') as a result of a determination on 1 August 2014 of three appeals to the CAT. The appeals to the CAT were against a decision

    ...) Ofcom had violated the EU law principle of legal certainty by ordering the repayments in ... ensuring a high level of protection of personal data and privacy;. (d) promoting the provision of ... Article 8 includes the CPs: see the definitions in Article 2.] . Chapter IV - General Provisions. ... more than a declaration by a legal or natural person to the national regulatory authority of ...

  • Bluebon Ltd v Ageas (UK) Ltd & Ors, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, December 15, 2017, [2017] EWHC 3301 (Comm)

    1. The parties appear before the Court on the hearing of a preliminary issue as to the proper construction of a policy of insurance (the ``Policy'') taken out by the Claimant Bluebon Limited (the ``Insured''), which is now in liquidation, pursuant to which the First and Second Defendants (``Insurers'') provided insurance to the Insured in respec...

    ... Debts (Section H), as well as Commercial Legal Protection, Equipment Breakdown and Key Person ...c) words should be given their natural and ordinary meaning as understood by ordinary ... goods; (ii.) that the description is a definition of risk; (iii.) that the description is a ...

  • The PNPF Trust Company Ltd v Taylor & Ors, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, June 28, 2010, [2010] EWHC 1573 (Ch)

    1. The Claimant, the PNPF Trust Company Limited (the ``Trustee''), is the trustee of a pension scheme, the Pilots' National Pension Fund (the ``PNPF'' or the ``Scheme''), with a substantial funding deficit. The latest figures (as at 31 March 2009) show a deficit on the buy-out basis (ie on the basis that the Scheme's liabilities are discharged by

    ... All members of the PNPF, save for a few persons providing administration services to the Trustee, ... demonstrate no distinction in terms of legal interest from that of Bristol (essentially the ... The definition of ``Participating Body'' is needed to make ...``The Trustee naturally wants concrete guidance on as many relevant ...

  • Blackbay Ventures Ltd (t/a Chemistree) v Gahir (Victimisation Discrimination : no sub-topic), Court of Appeal - United Kingdom Employment Appeal Tribunal, March 27, 2014, [2014] UKEAT 0449_12_2703

    1. The Claimant was employed by the Respondent which operates a number of pharmacies on 16 August 2010 as a Responsible Pharmacist. Her responsibilities involved the monitoring and securing compliance with the various statutory requirements and guidance laid upon the Respondent 2. Her employment commenced on 16 August 2010 and lasted 18 days, 7 of...

    ... and concerns about failures to comply with legal obligation, which she claimed were thus ... She also declined to provide her personal mobile number, because she said that it was not ... It also directed itself as to the definition of qualifying disclosures, particularly those ... It is a statement of position quite naturally and properly communicated in the course of ...