natural person legal definition

3798 results for natural person legal definition

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  • Fage UK Ltd & Anor v Chobani UK Ltd & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, January 28, 2014, [2014] EWCA Civ 5

    1. This is a passing off case concerning the use of the phrase ``Greek yoghurt''. The principal issue at trial was whether, by the beginning of September 2012, this phrase had, when used in the UK, come to denote a distinctive type of yoghurt made in Greece, so that its use to describe such yoghurt not made in Greece would amount to a misrepresent...

    ... that a substantial proportion of those persons in the UK who bought Greek yoghurt thought that ... one central factual issue and one central legal issue. The factual issue was whether the ... the inference as to origin which would naturally flow from the use of the adjective Greek. 113. ...I set out the definitions of these denominations a little later in this ...

  • Warner-Lambert Company, Llc v Actavis Group Ptc & Ors, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, May 28, 2015, [2015] EWCA Civ 556

    1. This appeal raises an issue of construction of a patent claim in ``Swiss'' form, that is to say a claim for the use of a compound in the production of a medicine for use in a particular therapeutic indication. In particular, the appeal is concerned with what is meant by the requirement in such claims that the medicament be ``for'' a therapeutic...

    ... Richard Davis (instructed by the Government Legal Department) for the Secretary of State for ... reasons of confidentiality, or because the person collecting the medicine is not the patient, or ... The claim was for the use of a natural compound (cistus) for making a composition with ... are needed, all that is needed is a definition of its purpose. This definition of purpose or ...

  • TZ v General Medical Council, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, April 17, 2015, [2015] EWHC 1001 (Admin)

    1. This is an appeal brought under section 40 of the Medical Act 1983 (``MA 1983'') against the decision of a Fitness to Practise Panel administered by the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (``MPTS''), part of the General Medical Council (``GMC''), whereby it held that the Appellant's fitness to practise as a medical practitioner was impaired

    ...Ivan Hare (instructed by GMC Legal) for the Respondent. Hearing dates: 17 March ... (a) a fully registered person;. (b) ............................... (c) ...The definition of ``announce'' in the Oxford Dictionary is ... of the GMC requires a distortion of the natural meaning of the word. But one must not only ...

  • Michael and others (FC) (Appellants) v The Chief Constable of South Wales Police and another (Respondents)

    ... by South Wales and Gwent Police Joint Legal Services) Interveners Interveners ... life or physical safety of an identifiable person, or member of an identifiable small group, do the ... "fairness" were not susceptible of any definition which would make them useful as practical tests, ... members of society (or sometimes from natural disasters). Licensing of firearms, regulation of ...

  • Savage, R (on the application of) v Mansfield District Council & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, January 15, 2015, [2015] EWCA Civ 4

    1. On 17 April 2013 Mansfield District Council (``the Council'') granted outline planning permission for a large mixed use development close to Harlow Wood. The permitted development extends over 169 hectares and includes up to 1700 dwellings, commercial uses, a primary school, green spaces and play areas. Ms Savage is one of a group of local resid...

    ... (instructed by Ashfield & Mansfield Shared Legal Service) for the Respondent. MR DAVID ELVIN QC ... SSSI the planning authority must consult Natural England. The Council therefore consulted Natural ... A local authority falls within the definition of a ``competent authority'' in regulation 7. A ...``(1) Any person interested in land in the area of a local ...

  • R (on the application of Bancoult (No 2)) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Respondent)

    ... LLP) (Instructed by The Government Legal . Department) LORD MANCE: (with whom Lord ...") was set aside for defence purposes, no person shall have any right of abode there (section ...Even in the short-term, natural events such as periodic flooding from storms and ...Providing a comprehensive definition of the circumstances in which it would be ...

  • British- American Insurance (Kenya) Ltd v Matelec Sal & Anor, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, October 29, 2013, [2013] EWHC 3278 (Comm)

    1. Common issues arise in two arbitration claims, 2013 Folio 225 and 2013 Folio 268. In 2013 Folio 225 the claim is for an order pursuant to section 18(3)(d) of the Arbitration Act 1996 appointing an arbitrator on behalf of the defendants. The claimant says that the defendants have failed to make an appointment in response to the claimant's commenc...

    ... and the contractors agree as a matter of legal analysis that it contained a contract of ... insured interest, for which purpose a definition of ``project cargo'' was given as described in ..., the aim is to ascertain what a reasonable person would have understood the parties to have meant ...He denied that it would have been natural for him to say that Crescent had noticed the ...

  • ORB ARL & Anor v Fiddler & Anor, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, February 26, 2016, [2016] EWHC 361 (Comm)

    1. On 14 January 2016 I heard a without notice application by the Claimants for Norwich Pharmacal relief requiring the First Defendant (``Mr Fiddler'') and the Second Defendant (``Mr Anciano'') to deliver up telephones and telephone records, and to provide information on affidavit (``the Norwich Pharmacal Application''). Following redrafting of pa...

    ... 2015 Ms Irving was approached by a person using the pseudonym ``Oscar'' who wanted to speak ... the unknown person or persons in the definition of the Scheme in paragraph 5.4 of the Order, set ... to provide it, but is recommended to take legal advice before refusing to provide the ... On the Claimants' case, the natural inference is that they were prepared to pay the ...

  • De Silva & Anor, R (on the application of) v HM Revenue and Customs, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, February 02, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 40

    1. This is an appeal brought by the appellants, Mr De Silva and Mr Dokelman (together ``the Appellants''), against the decision of the Upper Tribunal (Tax and Chancery Chamber) (Sales J (``the judge'')) dated 15 April 2014 (neutral citation number [2014] UKUT 0170 (TCC)). By its decision the Upper Tribunal dismissed the Appellants' claim for judici...

    ... not to be regarded as claims made in a personal tax return under section 8 of the TMA, but are ...It is to be expected, and is a natural inference, that Parliament legislated to achieve ... paragraphs setting out the judge's ``Legal analysis'' and his conclusions in relation to the ...They did not satisfy Lord Hope's definition of a return. 52. Third, even if, contrary to my ...

  • Murphy v Media Protection Services Ltd, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, December 21, 2007, [2007] EWHC 3091 (Admin),[2008] Bus LR 1454

    2. This is an appeal by way of case stated against the dismissal by the Crown Court at Portsmouth of Karen Murphy's appeal against conviction by Portsmouth magistrates for two offences contrary to s.297(1) of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (``the CDPA''). The charges against Ms Murphy were that on 19th August 2006 and on 25th Septembe...

    ... Any person within a broadcaster's ``footprint'' who has the ... CDPA, and s.6 contains the necessary definitions. It is convenient to set out the whole of the ... that Member States provide appropriate legal protection against the placing on the market, for ... Its definition of ``broadcaster'' - ``the natural or legal person who has editorial responsibility ...

  • Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber), April 01, 2014, [2014] UKUT 154 (AAC)

    The local authority First Respondent in the housing benefit/council tax benefit appeal did not attend and was not represented: it had indicated that it was content to rely on the submissions to be made on behalf of the Secretary of State. Decision: 1. The appeals are dismissed. 2. The claimant was not a worker or self-employed for the purposes

    ... Cornwell, Counsel, instructed by DWP Legal Services. The local authority First Respondent in ... ``(1) A person shall be entitled to a carer's allowance for any ...409. Regulation 4(1) provides a definition for the purposes of section 70(1)(a) and reads as ... does not in my view detract from the more natural inference to be drawn from the aspects of carer's ...

  • Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber), March 22, 2016, [2016] UKUT 153 (AAC)

    1. The difference in language between the EU Directive on Public Access to Environmental Information (Council Directive 2003/4/EC) (``the Directive'') and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 (``the EIR'') causes complications. For example, it is not immediately apparent where the Sovereign, or the Royal Household, or the holder of an of...

    ... Household) is included within the definition of a public authority in the EIR if they fall ...' and ``special powers'' by the CJEU in Fish Legal v Information Commissioner [2014] 2 WLR 568 (Fish ... whether only bodies with a legal personality can qualify as a public authority under ... should conclude that the Sovereign, as a natural and so legal person, was a public authority under ...

  • JM (Zimbabwe), R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, July 15, 2016, [2016] EWHC 1773 (Admin)

    1. In these judicial review proceedings JM (whose identity is subject to an anonymity order and will hereinafter be referred to as ``the Claimant'') seeks declaratory relief, damages for false imprisonment at common law, and damages for breach of Article 5(1)(f) of the ECHR, in relation to his detention pursuant to immigration powers between 5th Ma...

    ... and Jack Anderson (instructed by Government Legal Department) for the Defendant. Hearing date: 5th ... that the Defendant was unable to remove persons to Zimbabwe who did not have valid passports ... of the Immigration Act 2014 amends the definition of ``biometric information'' in section 15 of the ... that ``in particular'' should bear its natural and ordinary meaning, but in my view that ...

  • Levett-Dunn & Ors v NHS Property Services Ltd, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, April 26, 2016, [2016] EWHC 943 (Ch)

    1. This case concerns the validity of notices served by the defendant as tenant of leasehold office premises, by which it sought to exercise a contractual break clause. The claimant landlords seek declarations that the notices were not properly served on them and that in consequence the relevant leases still subsist. 2. There are three leases, but

    ... where the context so admits include the person or persons for the time being entitled to the ...Midland Commercial Properties Ltd has no legal responsibility for any utilities or any services ... in circumstances in which it would more naturally have fitted in Part II. iii) As noted in Mr. ...That is the definition of it. And by saying 'our registered office is so ...

  • Recovery of Medical Costs for Asbestos Diseases (Wales) Bill - Reference by the Counsel General for Wales

    ... Pobjoy (Instructed by Welsh Government Legal Services Department) (Instructed by ...It . "(a) imposes liability on persons by whom or on whose behalf compensation payments ...A natural inference is, I think, that "funding" was also ..., where it is by section 29(3) given a definition identical to that in section 108(7) of GOWA. But ...

  • Privacy International, R (On the Application Of) v The Commissioner for HM Revenue & Customs, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, May 12, 2014, [2014] EWHC 1475 (Admin)

    1. The issue in this case concerns the powers and duties of Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (hereafter ``HMRC'') to disclose information about its export control functions to an NGO called Privacy International. That organisation has complained about the conduct of a UK company whom it is alleged has supplied ``malware'' to repressive regimes (in...

    ...of affected persons 74-131. (1) The issue 74-76. ... HMRC's position in a way which narrowed the legal gap between the parties as to the relevance of ... for itself and not on behalf of any natural person claiming to have been prejudiced by ... whether they fell within the definition of a ``victim'' or otherwise and how this ...

  • Mann & Anor v Shelfside Holdings Ltd & Anor, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, September 15, 2015, [2015] EWHC 2583 (QB)

    1. On 1st July 2011 the First Claimant entered into a farm business tenancy agreement (``the FBT'') with a company known as Wyldecrest Properties Limited which is a company registered in the register of companies under 6914944 (``WPL'') to rent a farm known as Park Farm, Northaw Road West, Northaw Hertfordshire (``Park Farm'') for a term of 5 yea...

    ...It is common ground that WPL never had any legal interest in the property and no evidence has been ... permissible to adduce evidence that the person was acting as agent for an undisclosed principle ...``1. Definition of wrongful interference with goods. In this Act ... the use of the word ``fixture'' since the natural understanding of the meaning of the word does not ...

  • British Telecommunications Plc & Anor, R (on the application of) v The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, April 20, 2011, [2011] EWHC 1021 (Admin)

    1. This is an application for judicial review in which it is claimed that the online infringement of copyright provisions (``the contested provisions'') of the Digital Economy Act 2010 (``the DEA 2010'') and the Copyright (Initial Obligations) (Sharing of Costs) Order 2011, currently laid before Parliament (``the draft Costs Order'') are incompatib...

    ... White QC and Kieron Beal (instructed by BT Legal and Talk Talk Legal) for The Claimants. James ... the Council concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the ... The definition of a ``technical measure'' provided by section ... could and should be stretched beyond its natural and ordinary meaning to achieve the assumed ...

  • Charalambous & Anor v Maureen Rosairie NG & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, December 16, 2014, [2014] EWCA Civ 1604

    2. Mr Charalambous and Ms Karali took a tenancy of 14 Sapphire Court in Spitalfields on 20 August 2002. The term was for one year less a day expiring on 18 August 2003. Under the terms of their tenancy they paid a deposit of £1,560. The tenancy was renewed on 19 August 2003 and again on 18 August 2004, in each case for a further period of one year.

    ...The answer to the legal problem is less so. 2. Mr Charalambous and Ms ...``213 (1) Any tenancy deposit paid to a person in connection with a shorthold tenancy must, as ... 213 (4) was a cross reference to the definition of ``initial requirements'' and not a ...The natural target is those cases where the deposit was not ...

  • Bonsall v Secretary of State for Communities And Local Government & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, December 08, 2015, [2015] EWCA Civ 1246

    1. In Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government [2011] UKSC 15, [2011] 2 AC 304 (``Welwyn''), the Supreme Court held that the time limits laid down in section 171B of the Town and Country Planning Act (``the 1990 Act'') for enforcement action in respect of breaches of planning control did not apply in...

    ... Warren QC (instructed by The Government Legal Department) for the Secretary of State . The ...(1) If any person wishes to ascertain whether -. (a) any existing ... employs a relatively simple and broad definition of deception which goes beyond the Welwyn type of ... is no longer a reason to depart from the natural meaning of section 171B, and it is obvious that ...

  • R (on the application of Jamar Brown (Jamaica)) (Respondent) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department (Appellant)

    ...no serious risk of persecution of persons entitled to reside in that State", in section ... of Pakistan in the order was to its legality rather than to its rationality. However, the ...i) The natural meaning of section 94(5) was that it required the ... doubt be too imprecise without further definition if the outcomes of individual claims depended ...

  • Devon Wildlife Trust, R (On the Application Of) v Teignbridge District Council, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, July 28, 2015, [2015] EWHC 2159 (Admin)

    1. This claim concerns the decision of the Defendant planning authority (``the Council'') of 10 October 2014 to grant the Interested Party (``the Developer'') outline planning permission for up to 230 dwellings and 2,500 sq m employment space at land at Station Hill, Chudleigh, Devon (``the Site''). 2. The Site covers an area of approximately 12.

    ... to caring for and protecting the natural environment in Devon. It objected to the .... (2) A person applying for any such consent, permission or ... Sclater (the Natural England Land Use Team Legal Adviser) added this:. ``Thank you for your ...i) The lack of detail, definition and certainty in respect of the impacts and ...

  • Harris & Anor, R (on the application of) v Broads Authority, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, April 12, 2016, [2016] EWHC 799 (Admin)

    1. ``The Broads comprise over 300 square kilometres of wetland landscapes in east Norfolk and Suffolk. The Broads Authority [(``the Authority'') and the Defendant here], describes it as ``the UK's largest protected wetland and boast[ing] a quarter of its rarest species. The broad, shallow lakes are man-made rather than natural. They began as pits...

    ..., shallow lakes are man-made rather than natural. They began as pits dug for peat to provide fuel ... Claimants say this case raises an important legal issue. ``Can a public body which in law is not a ...Dower put forward the following definition of a national park in Great Britain:-. ``A ... body, any statutory undertaker and any person holding public office (section 11A(3) to (5)). ...

  • The Prudential Assurance Company Ltd v HM Revenue and Customs, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, April 19, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 376

    2. The issues on this appeal all relate to what have been called ``portfolio holdings''; that is to say dividends paid on shares in foreign companies held as investments, where the investor holds less than 10 per cent of the voting power in the company in question. 3. Article 56 of the EC Treaty (now article 63 of the Treaty on the Functioning of

    ...Park J had decided the substantive legal point against the claimants, but had also decided ...The definition of the issues has an impact on such important ... makes a qualifying distribution and the person receiving the distribution is another such ...It therefore seems natural, now that the true position has emerged, to treat ...

  • Mohammed v Ministry of Defence & Ors, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, May 02, 2014, [2014] EWHC 1369 (QB)

    1. The important question raised by this case is whether the UK government has any right in law to imprison people in Afghanistan; and, if so, what is the scope of that right. The claimant, Serdar Mohammed (``SM''), was captured by UK armed forces during a military operation in northern Helmand in Afghanistan on 7 April 2010. He was imprisoned on...

    ... The UK government had no legal basis either under Afghan law or in international ... SM was visited by UK personnel on three occasions while at NDS Lashkar Gar and ...``Article 24. Liberty is the natural right of human beings. This right has no limits ... Lau were in agreement that the definition of ``law'' for the purpose of these articles is ...