standardisation and variety reduction

35 results for standardisation and variety reduction

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  • Unwired Planet International Ltd & Anor v Huawei Technologies Co Ltd & Anor, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, October 23, 2018, [2018] EWCA Civ 2344

    2. This appeal raises a number of important points of principle concerning the obligation upon the owner of a patent which protects a technology which its owner has declared to be essential to the implementation of one or more of the telecommunications standards such as 2G-GSM, 3G-UMTS and 4G-LTE. A patent of this kind is called a standard essentia...

    ... development activities and for engaging with the standardisation process, and they must be able to prevent technology users from .... 154. The SEP owner sought to rely on a variety of factors (the fact that a licensee might be a ``reference ... average uniform prices for consumers as well as a reduction in distribution efficiencies. . 189. Counsel for UP went on to ...

  • The Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Miscellaneous Amendments and Revocations) Regulations 2018

    (k) measures relating to the recovery of payment of amounts, not being customs duties or refunds of such duties, payable on the import or export of agricultural products or goods resulting from the processing of agricultural products, including conditions attached to and relief allowed in respect of such payments(14); (l) the prevention and re...

    ...(g) measures relating to Community plant variety rights(10);. (h) measures relating to food (including drink) ...(j) measures relating to the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution caused by waste(13);. (k) measures ... Parliament and of the Council on European standardisation(64)”;. (ii) for “Article 6 of that Directive” substitute ...

  • British American Tobacco UK Ltd & Ors v The Secretary of State for Health, Court of Appeal - Civil Division, November 30, 2016, [2016] EWCA Civ 1182

    James Eadie QC, Martin Howe QC, Ian Rogers QC, Catherine Callaghan, Julianne Kerr Morrison, Nikolaus Grubeck and Jaani Riordan (instructed by the Government Legal Department) for the Respondent (``the Secretary of State'') Hearing dates : 18-21 October 2016 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - JudgmentLord Justice Lewison: INTRODUCTION 1....

    ... required Member States to comply by 20 May 2016 with a variety of obligations in respect of, inter alia, the labelling and ..., introduce provisions providing for further standardisation of the packaging of tobacco products, provided that those ..., beliefs, intentions and behaviours relating to the reduction in use of tobacco products. . (5) Regulations under subsection ...

  • Cassley & Ors v GMP Securities Europe LLP & Ors, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, March 31, 2015, [2015] EWHC 722 (QB)

    1. At about 9:14 on the morning of Saturday 19 June 2010, a CASA C-212-100 Aviocar aircraft crashed into a hillside in a remote area of dense jungle in the northwest corner of the Republic of Congo. All 11 people on board were killed. They included 6 members of the Board of Directors of the second defendant, Sundance Resources Limited (``Sundance...

    ... In addition, both defendants raise a variety of points on causation. 6. Pursuant to the order of Master ... time and become much more formal with a corresponding reduction in accidents. AS needs to formalise its current operating ... This can be brought about by standardisation in every respect - Standard Operating Procedures for the ...

  • Titan Europe 2006-3 Plc v Colliers International UK Plc, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, September 30, 2014, [2014] EWHC 3106 (Comm)

    1. This is a claim by Titan Europe 2006-3 plc, an Irish company, against Colliers International UK plc (``Colliers''), an English company which went into liquidation on 28 March 2012. At the relevant time, Colliers was part of a global real estate services organisation whose expertise included the valuation of commercial properties. The proceedin...

    ... others is subject to increasing international standardisation. 20. On the other hand, part of ascribing a market value to ...The reduction in the term would increase the yield by at least ½% which would ..., since the decline in value of Notes would be due to a variety of factors. The majority of the loss of value would be likely to ...

  • Taberna Europe CDO II Plc v Selskabet AF1.September 2008 In Bankruptcy, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, March 30, 2015, [2015] EWHC 871 (Comm)

    1. In these proceedings, the claimant (``Taberna'') claims substantial damages in respect of one or more alleged misrepresentations made by or on behalf of the defendant (``Roskilde'') which, it is said, induced Taberna into entering into a secondary market purchase of certain subordinated notes originally issued by Roskilde. 2. At the outset, it

    ... with the Commercial Court Guide; and that, for a variety of reasons, it would be wrong to accept his evidence as reliable. ...The objective was a 50% reduction up until 30/06/2008. In the meantime, however, we recognise that ... from the Reuters' report of 2013 on proposed EU standardisation. That report states that there are ``a host'' of definitions. . ...

  • Wiggins & Anor, R (on the application of) v Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, July 30, 2015, [2015] EWHC 2266 (Admin)

    1. This matter relates to the decision of the Defendant Council (``NPTCBC'') to close two primary schools in its area. The Claimant Ms Wiggins' 6 year old daughter attends Clun Primary School, and the Claimant Ms Jones' daughter attends Pontrhydyfen Primary School, which are the two schools concerned. Primary school education would be provided inst...

    ... wide range of needs due to increased staff numbers with a variety of expertise, ensuring that both children with additional ... of closing Clun Primary? That is additional costs and reduction to the LEA''. 21. In its Consultation Report of 11th February ... purposes, curriculum planning, assessment and standardisation procedures. Head teacher salary savings could help fund these ...

  • The Public Contracts (Scotland) Regulations 2015

    The Scottish Ministers make the following Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by section 2(2) of, and paragraph 1 A of Schedule 2 to, the European Communities Act 1972(1) and all other powers enabling them to do so. These Regulations make provision for a purpose mentioned in that section and it appears to the Scottish Ministers tha...

    ... Parliament and of the Council on European standardisation, amending Council Directives 89/686/EEC and 93/15/EEC and ... in the procedure in accordance with regulation 66 (reduction of the number of otherwise qualified candidates to be invited to ...Cattle Breeding Centre. Countryside Agency. Plant Variety Rights Office. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Royal Commission on ...

  • The Public Contracts Regulations 2015

    The Minister for the Cabinet Office is designated for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972(1) in relation to public procurement(2) and in relation to the combating of late payment in commercial transactions(3). The Minister for the Cabinet Office makes these Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by sectio...

    ...” means a standard adopted by a European standardisation organisation and made available to the general public;. ...Reduction of the number of otherwise qualified candidates to be invited to ...Cattle Breeding Centre. Countryside Agency. Plant Variety Rights Office. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Royal Commission on ...

  • British Nuclear Group Sellafield Ltd v Gemeinschaftskernkraftwerk Grohnde GmbH & Anor, Court of Appeal - Chancery Division, October 19, 2007, [2007] EWHC 2245 (Ch)

    1. The issues in this case arise out of the agreement for, and provision by the claimant of, a nuclear fuel reprocessing service to the owners and operators of a number of nuclear power stations, in particular in Germany, in a reprocessing facility specially designed and built for the purpose at Sellafield in Cumbria known as the Thermal Oxide Repr...

    ..., called upon BNFL to propose a programme for the reduction of stored HAL to a buffer stock level by 2015 with a view to ... of the Calder Hall power station, and thereafter had a variety of assignments within UKAEA and BNFL, from its foundation in ... project team leader of the European Committee for Standardisation. In 2002 he founded Stochastikon GmbH, a company providing ...

  • British Telecommunications Plc & Anor, R (on the application of) v The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, Court of Appeal - Administrative Court, April 20, 2011, [2011] EWHC 1021 (Admin)

    1. This is an application for judicial review in which it is claimed that the online infringement of copyright provisions (``the contested provisions'') of the Digital Economy Act 2010 (``the DEA 2010'') and the Copyright (Initial Obligations) (Sharing of Costs) Order 2011, currently laid before Parliament (``the draft Costs Order'') are incompatib...

    ... the ``initial obligations'' did not produce the desired reduction in unlawful file-sharing. The envisaged measures included: . i) ... by section 124G(3) is indicative, not exhaustive: a variety of alternatives is set out, the last of which reads ``limits the ... for international cooperation, harmonisation and standardisation, market analysis, monitoring compliance and other market control, ...

  • CMBS 2.0 IN FOCUS: Liquidity Facilities – The Wild Child Of CMBS 2.0

    ... had hoped that there would be greater standardisation of these facilities and a higher degree of uniformity adopted ... Similarly with regard to appraisal reduction, there continues to be a range of mechanisms which mitigate ... that it in today's market there is still a great deal of variety between different liquidity facility structures.  In an ideal ...

  • Triggering The Tax Advantage: Tax Tactics For The Global Financial Services Industry - Part Two

    ...The training can be delivered in a variety of ways –. live and local (which means traveling to non-U.S. ...The subsequent. lack of standardisation forces the tax department to struggle. through the year-end ...generation. With the current focus on short-term cost reduction in. the light of the credit crunch, there is a risk that ...

  • Land Securities Trillium Ltd v Thornley, Court of Appeal - United Kingdom Employment Appeal Tribunal, June 20, 2005, [2005] UKEAT 0603_04_2006

    Unfair constructive dismissal of an architect where the Employment Tribunal found that changes in her contractual duties required by her employers had the effect of deskilling her as an architect and amounted to a fundamental breach of contract entitling her to resign. Employment Tribunal Decision upheld on appeal. UKEAT/0603/04/SM - 49 - T...

    ... of a Group's work which call for a measure of standardisation throughout the Corporation and will act as the Departmental ... These reductions included the architects, whose numbers fell from 20 to 12. The ... authorities to which we were referred concerned a wide variety both of occupations and of contractual terms and conditions, none ...

  • Land Securities Trillium Ltd v Thornley, Court of Appeal - United Kingdom Employment Appeal Tribunal, June 20, 2005, [2005] UKEAT 0603_04_2006

    Unfair constructive dismissal of an architect where the Employment Tribunal found that changes in her contractual duties required by her employers had the effect of deskilling her as an architect and amounted to a fundamental breach of contract entitling her to resign. Employment Tribunal Decision upheld on appeal. UKEAT/0603/04/SM - 49 - T...

    ... of a Group's work which call for a measure of standardisation throughout the Corporation and will act as the Departmental ... These reductions included the architects, whose numbers fell from 20 to 12. The ... authorities to which we were referred concerned a wide variety both of occupations and of contractual terms and conditions, none ...

  • Round 3 Of The UK's Offshore Wind Programme Has Challenges Ahead

    ... The government is helping to drive cost reduction. £30m has been provided for research, with the goal of reducing ... is much scope for greater efficiency through standardisation and more industrialised working practices, but investment must be ... in that they may only have limited investment funds and a variety of opportunities competing for that investment. The UK government ...

  • AB & Ors v British Coal Corporation & Anor, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, June 18, 2004, [2004] EWHC 1372 (QB)

    1. The judgment in Griffiths and Others v British Coal Corporation delivered on 28 January 1998 forms the essential context of the present proceedings. It will be necessary to refer to a number of its findings for the purposes of the judgment in these proceedings. It has been accepted by the parties to these proceedings that they are bound by tho...

    ... as British Coal, there were attempts at standardisation of the terms upon which they contracted for the supply of goods ... has been defined by the World Health Organisation as a reduction in exercise capacity due to impaired lung function. The ... persons to various kinds of mineral dusts may produce any variety of lung conditions. Among the more serious conditions is ...

  • Wakeling v McDonagh & Anor, Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, May 25, 2007, [2007] EWHC 1201 (QB)

    1. This is a Claim for damages for the catastrophic injuries suffered by the Claimant when he was injured in a road accident on 21 September 2003 as a result of the First Defendant’s negligence. The life of a very promising and talented schoolboy who was riding his bicycle home has been devastated by the criminally dangerous driving of the First D...

    ... negligence by the Claimant and if so what if any reduction should be made?. b) How much should the Claimant recover ... He has chaired a variety of committees and contributed numerous scientific papers. Dr ... Adam develops his own settled routine outside the standardisation of an institution matters of behaviour should become less and ...

  • Mabey and Johnson Ltd. v Ecclesiastical Insurance Office Plc & Ors, Court of Appeal - Commercial Court, June 27, 2003, [2004] Lloyd's Rep IR 10,[2003] EWHC 1523 (Comm)

    1. The Claimants, whom I shall call `Mabey', are an engineering company whose activities include the design, fabrication and supply, world-wide, of steel bridges. The Defendants, `the Insurers', wrote Mabey's primary layer professional indemnity insurance for the 1996/7 year, incepting 15 March 1996. The slip policy was scratched and stamped on...

    ... it is sufficient at this stage to say that there are a variety of faults all of which appear to offend the relevant provisions ... for each UCB was significant and, through standardisation, Mabey hoped to be able to make savings in these two areas. In ... she might have thought the spreadsheet would do the reduction. But that cannot be right, since she would have been able to ...

  • A Survey of Carbon Reporting Practice in UK Listed Companies: Carbon Reporting to Date - Seeing the Wood for the Trees

    ... reported' a specific target in relation to carbon reduction; Only 9% of companies disclosed that information on carbon had ... Key Findings. The wide variety of both formal and informal carbon reporting practices identified ... such as the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 14064-18 and the Carbon Trust Standard. The guidance also ...

  • PJ Pipe & Valve Co. Ltd. v Audco India Ltd., Court of Appeal - Queen's Bench Division, September 02, 2005, [2005] EWHC 1904 (QB)

    Arun Dev: Head of International Sales Valves Business Unit of Larsen & Toubro, responsible for sales of products manufactured by AIL; during the period covered by this case he was a sales manager concerned with the sale of ``end products'' on the international markets for AIL, and in that capacity he reported to Mr Bannerjee. Single Joint Expert ...

    ... as an approved vendor, and although there are a variety of technical standards that have been established, those ... factors (the risk of being uncompetitive) may require a reduction in this level to 4% or even 3.5%. iv) With orders above ... for their individual plants and, as a result, standardisation would be achieved (i.e. one manufacturer would supply all ...

  • The Public Contracts (Scotland) Regulations 2012

    The Scottish Ministers make the following Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by section 2(2) of, and paragraph 1 A of Schedule 2 to, the European Communities Act 1972(1) and all other powers enabling them to do so. These Regulations make provision for a purpose mentioned in that section and it appears to the Scottish Ministers tha...

    ... technical specification approved by a recognised standardisation body for repeated or continuous application, compliance with ...(13) The contracting authority may combine the reductions in the periods of time referred to in paragraphs (5) and (6). The ...Cattle Breeding Centre. Countryside Agency. Plant Variety Rights Office. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Royal Commission on ...

  • Embedding Employee Engagement

    ... investment in technology and process improvement by a reduction in employee numbers. This, of course, has compounded the problem. ... integrated rules engines have led to increased standardisation and the removal of most – if not all – of the decision making ... 2. Variety.  "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." This old ...

  • Managers and managerialism in the post-privatised utilities: 'Throwing the baby out with the bath-water'.

    ... to the whims of consumer demand, while supplying a variety of new quality products onto niche markets. It relies on high ... skilled workforce, which is' able to combine standardisation and customisation, while conforming to quality measurements. In ... water industry shows that the Water Co had a 25% job reduction during the period 1979-1985, with a further 17% job loss in the ...

  • Value production and struggle in the classroom: teachers within, against and beyond capital.

    ... across courses for students, then this standardisation frames workload calculations for teachers too (the other key ...Many teachers thus adopt the obvious work-reduction tactic of simply teaching from the textbook and/or constantly ...(13) . Students, too, adopt a variety of collective and individual tactics in order to reduce their own ...