Unincorporated Associations in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Huntingdon Life Sciences v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty
    • Queen's Bench Division
    • 20 Jun 2003

    I now turn to the possible applicability of CPR 19.6 to the defendants. The defendants include nine individuals and three groups who the claimants allege are unincorporated associations. The evidence about the existence and composition of the eleventh and twelfth defendants is unspecific. There is sufficient to persuade me that those defendants exist as groups and are part of the alleged campaign against employees of the first claimant.

  • A v The Trustees of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (First Defendants) The Trustees of the Loughborough Blackbrook Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses (Second Defendants) The Trustees of the Loughborough Southwood Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses (Third Defendants)
    • Queen's Bench Division
    • 19 Jun 2015

    That leaves the issue of vicarious liability for the elders. As summarised earlier in paragraphs 10–18, the elders had additional responsibilities to those held by ministerial servants. They were even closer and more integrated with congregational issues than were ministerial servants. They had a spiritual role and partly exercised that role, via the judicial committee, and decisions of the body consequent upon decisions of the judicial committee.

  • Conservative and Unionist Central Office v Burrell
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 10 Dic 1981

    I infer that by "unincorporated association" in this context Parliament meant two or more persons bound together for one or more common purposes, not being business purposes, by mutual undertakings, each having mutual duties and obligations, in an organisation which has rules which identify in whom control of it and its funds rests and upon what terms and which can be joined or left at will. The bond of union between the members of an unincorporated association has to be contractual.

  • R v L and Another
    • Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)
    • 28 Ago 2008

    There are probably almost as many different types of unincorporated association as there are forms of human activity. This particular one was a club with 900 odd members, substantial land, buildings and other assets, and it had no doubt stood as an entity in every sense except the legal for many years. But the legal description 'unincorporated association' applies equally to any collection of individuals linked by agreement into a group.

  • Mohinder Singh Khaira and Others v Daljit Singh Shergill and Others
    • Supreme Court
    • 11 Jun 2014

    The law treats unincorporated religious communities as voluntary associations. It views the constitution of a voluntary religious association as a civil contract as it does the contract of association of a secular body: the contract by which members agree to be bound on joining an association sets out the rights and duties of both the members and its governing organs.

  • Smithkline Beecham Plc v Avery & Others
    • Queen's Bench Division
    • 31 Jul 2009

    By section 5 and schedule 1 of the Interpretation Act 1978, in a statute, unless a contrary intention appears, “Person” includes a body of persons corporate or unincorporated.' That is the context in which section 7(5) is to be understood. Section 7(5) is necessary because otherwise there is the possibility that the sections of the Act including the new section 1(1A) could be read as covering companies who are harassed.

  • Hunt v McLaren
    • Chancery Division
    • 04 Oct 2006

    The general rule is that a gift on trust must have a cestui que trust and must be for the benefit of individuals, unless charitable. It must have a definite object, and there must be someone in whose favour the court can enforce it.

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  • Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 1974
    ...... with respect to the law relating to trade unions, employers' associations, workers and employers, including the law relating to unfair dismissal, ...corporate or an unincorporated association. . (2) Where an employers' association is unincorporated— ......
  • Financial Services and Markets Act 2000
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2000
    ......S-32 . Partnerships and unincorporated associations. 32 Partnerships and unincorporated associations. . (1) If ......
  • Banking Act 1987
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 1987
    ......unincorporated association if the whole of the assets available. to it are owned by a ... S-98 . Offences committed by unincorporated associations. 98 Offences committed by unincorporated associations. . (1) ......
  • The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005
    • UK Non-devolved
    • 1 de Enero de 2005
    ......S-49 . High net worth companies, unincorporated associations etc. High net worth companies, unincorporated associations ......
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Books & Journal Articles
    • Núm. 43-6, Noviembre 1980
    • The Modern Law Review
    • Núm. 23-1, Enero 1960
    • The Modern Law Review
    Book reviewed in this article: Authority. Edited By Carl J. Friedrich. Strukturprobleme Der Modernen Demokratie. By Gerhard Leibholz The Professor And The Commissions. By Bernard Schwartz. Social C...
    • Núm. 3-1, Junio 1939
    • The Modern Law Review
    Book reviewed in this article: Cardozo and Frontiers of Legal Thinking. By Beryl Harold Levy. New York: The Personality Conception of the Legal Entity. Harvard Studies in the Conflict of Laws, Vol....
    ...... legal cntity as a “person.” The French law of associations and commercial societies presents us with different types of ... On the other hand “unincorporated” entities may have any or several of these ......
    • Núm. 40-2, Marzo 1977
    • The Modern Law Review
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Law Firm Commentaries
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