Administration of Justice Act 1960

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1960 c. 65


Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

(8 & 9 Eliz. 2) CHAPTER 65

An Act to make further provision for appeals to the House of Lords in criminal cases; to amend the law relating to contempt of court, habeas corpus and certiorari; and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid.

B e it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Administration of Justice Act, 1960

Administration of Justice Act, 1960

Appeal to House of Lords in Criminal Cases

S-1 Right of appeal.

1 Right of appeal.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an appeal shall lie to the House of Lords, at the instance of the defendant or the prosecutor,—

( a ) from any decision of a Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division in a criminal cause or matter;

( b ) from any decision of the Court of Criminal Appeal on an appeal to that court.

(2) No appeal shall lie under this section except with the leave of the court below or of the House of Lords; and such leave shall not be granted unless it is certified by the court below that a point of law of general public importance is involved in the decision and it appears to that court or to the House of Lords, as the case may be, that the point is one which ought to be considered by that House.

(3) Section five of the Appellate Jurisdiction Act, 1876 (which regulates the composition of the House of Lords for the hearing and determination of appeals) shall apply to the hearing and determination of an appeal or application for leave to appeal under this section as it applies to the hearing and determination of an appeal under that Act; and any order of that House which provides for the hearing of such applications by a committee constituted in accordance with the said section five may direct that the decision of that committee shall be taken on behalf of the House.

(4) For the purpose of disposing of an appeal under this section the House of Lords may exercise any powers of the court below or may remit the case to that court.

(5) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, ‘leave to appeal’ means leave to appeal to the House of Lords under this section.

S-2 Application for leave to appeal.

2 Application for leave to appeal.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an application to the court below for leave to appeal shall be made within the period of fourteen days beginning with the date of the decision of that court; and an application to the House of Lords for such leave shall be made within the period of fourteen days beginning with the date on which the application is refused by the court below.

(2) In the case of an appeal by a protected prisoner of war or protected internee within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act, 1957, the periods specified in subsection (1) of this section shall be extended until fourteen days after the date on which the applicant receives notice, given as mentioned in paragraph ( a ) or paragraph ( b ) of subsection (1) of section four of that Act, that the protecting power has been notified of the decision of the court below, or of the refusal by that court of the application, as the case may be.

(3) Except in a case involving sentence of death, the House of Lords or the court below may, upon application made at any time by the defendant, extend the time within which an application may be made by him to that House or that court under subsection (1) of this section.

S-3 Special provisions as to capital cases.

3 Special provisions as to capital cases.

(1) Any application for leave to appeal in a case involving sentence of death, and any appeal for which leave is granted on such an application, shall be heard and determined with as much expedition as practicable.

(2) Where an appeal to the Court of Criminal Appeal is dismissed in a case involving sentence of death, the sentence shall not in any case be executed until after the expiration of the time within which an application for leave to appeal may be made; and if such an application is duly made, the sentence shall not be executed while that application, and any appeal for which leave is granted thereon, is pending.

S-4 Admission of appellant to bail.

4 Admission of appellant to bail.

(1) The power of the Court of Criminal Appeal under section fourteen of the Criminal Appeal Act, 1907, to grant bail pending an appeal to that court shall include power to grant bail to an appellant pending an appeal from that court under section one of this Act.

(2) The power of the High Court under any enactment or rule of law to grant bail in connection with proceedings pending before a Divisional Court shall include power to grant bail to an appellant pending an appeal under section one of this Act in such proceedings; and in relation to any recognizance to be entered into under section thirty-seven of the Criminal Justice Act, 1948, as applied by this subsection, any reference in that section to the judgment of the High Court shall be construed as a reference to the judgment of the House of Lords or, if the case is remitted by that House to the court below, to the judgment of that court on the case as so remitted.

(3) Where application is made to a Divisional Court for leave to appeal, that court may give such directions as it thinks fit for discharging or enlarging any recognizances entered into by the applicant or any surety, under any enactment or otherwise, with reference to the proceedings of that court.

S-5 Power to order detention or admission to bail of defendant.

5 Power to order detention or admission to bail of defendant.

(1) Where the defendant in any proceedings from which an appeal lies under section one of this Act would, but for the decision of the court below, be liable to be detained, and immediately after that decision the prosecutor is granted, or gives notice that he intends to apply for, leave to appeal, the court may make an order providing for the detention of the defendant, or directing that he shall not be released except on bail, so long as any appeal under section one of this Act is pending.

(2) Bail may be granted under this section by the court below subject to the like conditions and other incidents and subject to the like power of variation and revocation (if any) by that court as in the case of bail granted to a person appealing under section one of this Act from a decision of that court.

(3) An order under subsection (1) of this section shall (unless the appeal has previously been disposed of) cease to have effect at the expiration of the period for which the defendant would have been liable to be detained but for the decision of the court below.

(4) Any order made under the said subsection (1) for the detention of a defendant who, but for the decision of the court below, would be liable to be detained in pursuance of an order or direction under Part V of the Mental Health Act, 1959, shall be an order authorising his continued detention in pursuance of the order or direction under the said Part V, and the provisions of the said Act with respect to persons so liable (including provisions as to the renewal of authority for detention and the removal or discharge of patients) shall apply accordingly.

(5) Where the court below has power to make an order under subsection (1) of this section, and either no such order is made or the defendant is released or discharged by virtue of subsection (3) or subsection (4) of this section before the appeal is disposed of, the defendant shall not be liable to be again detained as the result of the decision of the House of Lords on the appeal.

S-6 Computation of sentence where bail granted.

6 Computation of sentence where bail granted.

(1) Where a person subject to a sentence is admitted to bail pending an appeal under section one of this Act, the time during which he is at large after being so admitted shall be disregarded in computing the term of his sentence.

(2) In relation to a person sentenced to borstal training, the reference in subsection (1) of this section to the term of his sentence shall be construed as a reference to the period during which, under section forty-five of the ...

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