Appendix I: Draft Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms*

Publication Date01 June 1998
Date01 June 1998
DOI10.1177/092405199801600209
SubjectPart C: Appendices
Part C: Appendices
Appendix I: Draft Declaration on the Right and Responsibility
of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and
Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and
Fundamental Freedoms'
Preamble
The General Assembly,
Reaffirming the importance
of
the observance
of
the purposes and principles
of
the
Charter
of
the United Nations for the promotion and protection
of
all human rights and
fundamental freedoms for all persons in all countries
of
the world,
Reaffirming the importance
of
the Universal Declaration
of
Human Rights and the
International Covenants on Human Rights as basic elements
of
international efforts to
promote universal respect for and observance
of
human rights and fundamental freedoms
and the importance
of
other human rights instruments adopted within the United Nations
system, as well as those at the regional level,
Stressing that all members
of
the international community shall fulfil, jointly and
separately, their solemn obligation to promote and encourage respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms for all without distinction
of
any kind, including distinctions based
on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin,
property, birth or other status, and reaffirming the particular importance
of
achieving
international cooperation to fulfil this obligation according to the Charter
of
the United
Nations,
Acknowledging the important role
of
international cooperation for and the valuable
work
of
individuals, groups and associations in contributing to the effective elimination
of
all violations
of
human rights and fundamental freedoms
of
peoples and individuals,
including in relation to mass, flagrant or systematic violations such as those resulting from
apartheid, all forms
of
racial discrimination, colonialism, foreign domination or
occupation, aggression or threats to national sovereignty, national unity or territorial
integrity, and from refusal to recognize the right
of
peoples to self-determination and the
right
of
every people to exercise full sovereignty over its wealth and natural resources,
Recognizing the relationship between international peace and security and the
enjoyment
of
human rights and fundamental freedoms, and mindful that the absence
of
international peace and security does not excuse non-compliance,
Reiterating that all human rights and fundamental freedoms are universal, indivisible
and interdependent and interrelated, and should be promoted and implemented in a fair
and equitable manner, without prejudice to the implementation
of
each
of
these rights and
freedoms,
Stressing that the primary responsibility and duty to promote and protect human rights
and fundamental freedoms lie with the State,
As adopted by the Commission on Human Rights, Resolution
199817,
to be submitted to ECOSOC, will
subsequently be submitted to the UN General Assembly.
Netherlands Quarterly
of
Human Rights. Vol. 16/2,247-252, 1998.
©Netherlands Institute
of
Human Rights (Sl M). Printed in the Netherlands. 247

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