Applicability of GIS tools in assessing performance of the transportation systems in urban areas

Date04 April 2016
Published date04 April 2016
AuthorMohammed Moshabeb Al-Ali
Applicability of GIS tools
in assessing performance
of the transportation
systems in urban areas
Mohammed Moshabeb Al-Ali
Geospatial Services Department, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate applicability of geographical information
system (GIS) tools in assessing performance of the transportation systems which integrate spatial and
GIS parameters and indicators.
Design/methodology/approach In this context, performance measures have been objectively
related to the strategic goals and objectives identified by policy makers in particular areas.
Findings Results suggest that as a result of on the characteristics of transportation system, further
understanding and considerations have been achieved regarding the performance of the investigated
transportation systems and the needed transport polices in the study areas.
Originality/value The integrating of spatial data with the conventional data to assess performance
of the transportation system.
Keywords GIS, Performance indicators, Geographical information system, Transport safety
Paper type Research paper
A geographical information system (GIS) is a system of specialised information
in the input, management, analysis and transmission of geographic information
(spatially related). Among a wide range of potential applications, GIS can be used
in transportation problems and has received a lot of attention. The particular branch
of GIS applied to transportation issues is described as the geographic information
systems for transportation (GIS-T) (Rodrigue et al., 2006).
GIS are becoming common place in several applications. They have been used in
various industries for more than a decade. The focus in this research is mainly in two
sectors: transportation and security. In transportation, desktop mapping and analysis tools
have been a major commercial market for many industries. There are many new hardware
devices that enable mobile geospatial services. GIS has been used in transportation
management, planning and modelling (Berglund, 2001; Gholston and Anderson, 2005;
Prasad, 2003), in establishing urban cycling routes in preventing traffic accidents
(Noland and Quddus, 2004), in designing the road traffic safety evaluation system, in road
networks (Lagunzad and Mcpherson, 2003), for solid waste disposal (Ghose et al., 2006), in
road accident analysis and real-time monitoring (Mahmud and Zarrinbashar, 2008), in the
analysis of the impact of traffic congestion on road accidents (Wang et al., 2009), for
decision analysis in public resource administration (Kepner et al., 2002), and in the analysis
of causes and consequences of road traffic crashes. In security, GIS is used in supporting
homeland security, in border demarcation (Meha and Selimi, 2010), to overcome
non-traditional security (Soomro et al.,2009)andinsecuringtheOlympics.
World Journal of Science,
Technology and Sustainable
Vol. 13 No. 2, 2016
pp. 120-127
©Emerald Group Publishing Limited
DOI 10.1108/WJSTSD-09-2015-0047
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