Canada Act 1982

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1982 c. 11


Canada Act 1982

1982 CHAPTER 11

An Act to give effect to a request by the Senate and House of Commons of Canada.

[29th March 1982]

W hereas Canada has requested and consented to the enactment of an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to give effect to the provisions hereinafter set forth and the Senate and the House of Commons of Canada in Parliament assembled have submitted an address to Her Majesty requesting that Her Majesty may graciously be pleased to cause a Bill to be laid before the Parliament of the United Kingdom for that purpose:

Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

S-1 Constitution Act, 1982 enacted.

1 Constitution Act, 1982 enacted.

1. The Constitution Act, 1982 set out in Schedule B to this Act is hereby enacted for and shall have the force of law in Canada and shall come into force as provided in that Act.

S-2 Termination of power to legislate for Canada.

2 Termination of power to legislate for Canada.

2. No Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed after the Constitution Act, 1982 comes into force shall extend to Canada as part of its law.

S-3 French version.

3 French version.

3. So far as it is not contained in Schedule B, the French version of this Act is set out in Schedule A to this Act and has the same authority in Canada as the English version thereof.

S-4 Short title.

4 Short title.

4. This Act may be cited as theCanada Act 1982.

SCHEDULE (ANNEXE) A

Loi donnant suite une demande du Snat et de la Chambre des communes du Canada.

S a Trs Excellente Majest la Reine, considrant: qu' la demande et avec le consentement du Canada, le Parlement du Royaume-Uni est invit adopter une loi visant donner effet aux dispositions nonces ci-aprs et que le Snat et la Chambre des communes du Canada runis en Parlement ont prsent une adresse demandant Sa Trs Gracieuse Majest de bien vouloir faire dposer devant le Parlement du Royaume-Uni un projet de loi cette fin,

sur l'avis et du consentement des Lords spirituels et temporels et des Communes runis en Parlement, et par l'autorit de celui-ci, dicte:

SCH-A.1 Adoption de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982

1. La Loi constitutionnelle de 1982, nonce l'annexe B, est dicte pour le Canada et y a force de loi. Elle entre en vigueur conformment ses dispositions.

SCH-A.2 Cessation du pourvoir de lgifrer pour le Canada

2. Les lois adoptes par le Parlement du Royaume-Uni aprs l'entre en vigueur de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982 ne font pas partie du droit du Canada.

SCH-A.3 Version franaise

3. La partie de la version francaise de la prsente loi qui figure l'annexe A a force de loi au Canada au mme titre que la version anglaise correspondante.

SCH-A.4 Titre abrg

4. Titre abrge de la prsente loi: Loi de 1982 sur le Canada.

SCHEDULE B

CONSTITUTION ACT, 1982

I Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Part I

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Whereas Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law:

Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms

Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms

SCH-B.1 Right and freedoms in Canada

1 Right and freedoms in Canada

1. TheCanadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights and freedoms set out in it subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.

Fundamental Freedoms

Fundamental Freedoms

SCH-B.2 Fundamental freedoms

2 Fundamental freedoms

2. Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:

a ) freedom of conscience and religion
b ) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication
c ) freedom of peaceful assembly; and
d ) freedom of association
Democratic Rights

Democratic Rights

SCH-B.3 Democratic rights of citizens

3 Democratic rights of citizens

3. Every citizen of Canada has the right to vote in an election of members of the House of Commons or of a legislative assembly and to be qualified for membership therein.

SCH-B.4 Maximum duration of legislative bodies

4 Maximum duration of legislative bodies

(1) No House of Commons and no legislative assembly shall continue for longer than five years from the date fixed for the return of the writs at a general election of its members.

(2) In time of real or apprehended war, invasion or insurrection, a House of Commons may be continued by Parliament and a legislative assembly may be continued by the legislature beyond five years if such continuation is not opposed by the votes of more than one-third of the members of the House of Commons or the legislative assembly, as the case may be.

SCH-B.5 Annual sitting of legislative bodies

5 Annual sitting of legislative bodies

5. There shall be a sitting of Parliament and of each legislature at least once every twelve months.

Mobility Rights

Mobility Rights

SCH-B.6 Rights to move and gain livelihood.

6 Rights to move and gain livelihood.

(1) Every citizen of Canada has the right to enter, remain in and leave Canada.

(2) Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right

(a ) to move to and take up residence in any province; and

(b ) to pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province.

ANNEXE B

LOI CONSTITUTIONNELLE DE 1982

Partie I

Charte Canadienne Des Droits Et Liberts

Attendu que le Canada est fond sur des principes qui reconnaissent la suprmatie de Dieu et la primaut du droit:

Garantie des droits et liberts

Garantie des droits et liberts

SCH-B.1 Droits et liberts au Canada

1 Droits et liberts au Canada

1. LaCharte canadienne des droits et liberts garantit les droits et liberts qui y sont noncs. Ils ne peuvent tre restreints que par une rgle de droit, dans des limites qui soient raisonnables et dont la justification puisse se dmontrer dans le cadre d'une socit libre et dmocratique.

Liberts fondamentales

Liberts fondamentales

SCH-B.2 Liberts fondamentales

2 Liberts fondamentales

2. Chacun a les liberts fondamentales suivantes:

a ) libert de conscience et de religion
b ) libert de pense, de croyance, d'opinion et d'expression, y compris la libert de la presse et des autres moyens de communication
c ) libert de runion pacifique;
d ) libert d'association.
Droits dmocratiques

Droits dmocratiques

SCH-B.3 Droits dmocratiques des citoyens

3 Droits dmocratiques des citoyens

3. Tout citoyen canadien a le droit de vote et est ligible aux lections lgislatives fdrales ou provinciales.

SCH-B.4 Mandat maximal des assembles

4 Mandat maximal des assembles

(1) Le mandat maximal de la Chambre des communes et des assembles lgislatives est de cinq ans compter de la date fixe pour le retour des brefs relatifs aux lections gnrales correspondantes.

(2) Le mandat de la Chambre des communes ou celui d'une assemble lgislative peut tre prolong respectivement par le Parlement ou par la lgislature en question au-del de cinq ans en cas de guerre, d'invasion ou d'insurrection, relles ou apprhendes, pourvu que cette prolongation ne fasse pas l'objet d'une opposition exprime par les voix de plus du tiers des dputs de la Chambre des communes ou de l'assemble lgislative.

SCH-B.5 Sance annuelle

5 Sance annuelle

5. Le Parlement et les lgislatures tiennent une sance au moins une fois tous les douze mois.

Libert de circulation et d'tablissement

Libert de circulation et d'tablissement

SCH-B.6 Libert de circulation

6 Libert de circulation

(1) Tout citoyen canadien a le droit de demeurer au Canada, d'y entrer ou d'en sortir.

(2) Tout citoyen canadien et toute personne ayant le statut de rsident permanent au Canada ont le droit:

(a ) de se dplacer dans tout le pays et d'tablir leur rsidence dans toute province;

(b ) de gagner leur vie dans toute province.

(3) The rights specified in subsection (2) are subject to

(a ) any laws or practices of general application in force in a province other than those that discriminate among persons primarily on the basis of province of present or previous residence; and

(b ) any laws providing for reasonable residency requirements as a qualification for the receipt of publicly provided social services.

(4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration in a province of conditions of individuals in that province who are socially or economically disadvantaged if the rate of employment in that province is below the rate of employment in Canada.

Legal Rights

Legal Rights

SCH-B.7 Life, liberty and security of person

7 Life, liberty and security of person

7. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.

SCH-B.8 Search or seizure.

8 Search or seizure.

8. Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.

SCH-B.9 Detention or imprisonment

9 Detention or imprisonment

9. Everyone has the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned.

SCH-B.10 Arrest or detention

10 Arrest or detention

10. Everyone has the right on arrest or detention

a ) to be informed promptly of the reasons therefor
b ) to retain and instruct counsel without delay and to be informed of that right; and
c ) to have the validity of the detention determined by way of habeas corpus and to be released if the detention is not lawful.
SCH-B.11 Proceedings in criminal and penal matters

11 Proceedings in criminal and penal matters

11. Any person charged with an offence has the right

a ) to be informed without unreasonable delay of the specific offence
b ) to be tried within a reasonable time;
c ) not to be compelled to be a witness in proceedings against that person in respect of the offence;
d ) to be presumed innocent until proven...

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