Common Law Procedure Act 1854

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1854 c. 125
Anno Regni VICTORI, Britanniarum Regin,Decimo Septimo & Decimo Octavo. An Act for the further Amendment of the Process, Practice, and Mode of Pleading in and enlarging the Jurisdiction of the Superior Courts of Common Law atWestminster , and of the Superior Courts of Common Law of the Counties Palatine of Lancaster and Durham .

(17 & 18 Vict.) C A P. CXXV.

[12th August 1854]

BE it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:

S-I Judge may, by Consent, try Questions of Fact.

I Judge may, by Consent, try Questions of Fact.

I. The Parties to any Cause may, by Consent in Writing, signed by them or their Attorneys, as the Case may be, leave the Decision of any Issue of Fact to the Court, provided that the Court, upon a Rule to show Cause, or a Judge on Summons, shall, in their or his Discretion, think fit to allow such Trial; or provided the Judges of the Superior Courts of Law atWestminster shall, in pursuance of the Power herein-after given to them, make any General Rule or Order dispensing with such Allowance, either in all Cases or in any particular Class or Classes of Cases to be defined in such Rule or Order; and such Issue of Fact may thereupon be tried and determined, and Damages assessed where necessary, in open Court, either in Term or Vacation, by any Judge who might otherwise have presided at the Trial thereof by Jury, either with or without the Assistance of any other Judge or Judges of the same Court, or included in the same Commission at the Assizes; and the Verdict of such Judge or Judges shall be of the same Effect as the Verdict of a Jury, save that it shall not be questioned upon the Ground of being against the Weight of Evidence; and the Proceedings upon and after such Trial, as to the Power of the Court or Judge, the Evidence, and otherwise, shall be the same as in the Case of Trial by Jury.

S-II Two Judges may sit at same Time for Trial of Causes pending in the same Court.

II Two Judges may sit at same Time for Trial of Causes pending in the same Court.

II. It shall be lawful for any One of the Judges of any of the Superior Courts atWestminster , at the Request of the Lord Chief Justice or Lord Chief Baron, to try the Causes entered for Trial at Nisi Prius in Westminster and London in either of the Courts, on the same Days on which the said Lord Chief Justice or Lord Chief Baron, or any other Judge of the same Court, shall be sitting to try Causes at those Places respectively, or at either of them, so that the Trial of Two Causes may be proceeded with at the same Time; and all Jurors, Witnesses, and other Persons who may have been summoned or required to attend at or for the Trial of any Cause before the said Lord Chief Justice or Lord Chief Baron, as the Case may be, shall give their Attendance at and for the Trial thereof before such other Judge as may be sitting to try the same by virtue of this Act; and it shall be lawful for the Associates and other Officers of the Lord Chief Justice or Lord Chief Baron, as the Case may be, to appoint from Time to Time fit and proper Persons, to be approved by the said Lord Chief Justice or Lord Chief Baron, to attend for them and on their Behalf respectively before such Judge; and the Trial of every Cause which shall be so had by virtue of this Act shall, if necessary, be entered of Record, as having been had before the Judge by whom such Cause in fact was tried.

S-III Power to Court or Judge to direct Arbitration before Trial.

III Power to Court or Judge to direct Arbitration before Trial.

III. If it be made appear, at any Time after the issuing of the Writ, to the Satisfaction of the Court or a Judge, upon the Application of either Party, that the Matter in dispute consists wholly or in part of Matters of mere Account which cannot conveniently be tried in the ordinary Way, it shall be lawful for such Court or Judge, upon such Application, if they or he think fit, to decide such Matter in a summary Manner, or to order that such Matter, either wholly or in part, be referred to an Arbitrator appointed by the Parties, or to an Officer of the Court, or, in Country Causes, to the Judge of any County Court, upon such Terms as to Costs and otherwise as such Court or Judge shall think reasonable; and the Decision or Order of such Court or Judge, or the Award or Certificate of such Referee, shall be enforceable by the same Process as the Finding of a Jury upon the Matter referred.

S-IV Special Case may be stated, and Question of Fact tried.

IV Special Case may be stated, and Question of Fact tried.

IV. If it shall appear to the Court or a Judge that the Allowance or Disallowance of any particular Item or Items in such Account depends upon a Question of Law fit to be decided by the Court, or upon a Question of Fact fit to be decided by a Jury, or by a Judge upon the Consent of both Parties as hereinbefore provided, it shall be lawful for such Court or Judge to direct a Case to be stated, or an Issue or Issues to be tried; and the Decision of the Court upon such Case, and the Finding of the Jury or Judge upon such Issue or Issues, shall be taken and acted upon by the Arbitrator as conclusive.

S-V Arbitrator may state Special Case.

V Arbitrator may state Special Case.

V. It shall be lawful for the Arbitrator upon any compulsory Reference under this Act, or upon any Reference by Consent of Parties where the Submission is or may be made a Rule or Order of any of the Superior Courts of Law or Equity atWestminster , if he shall think fit, and if it is not provided to the contrary, to state his Award, as to the whole or any Part thereof, in the Form of a Special Case for the Opinion of the Court, and when an Action is referred, Judgment, if so ordered, may be entered according to the Opinion of the Court.

S-VI Power to Judge to direct Arbitration at Time of Trial, when Issues of Fact left to his Decision.

VI Power to Judge to direct Arbitration at Time of Trial, when Issues of Fact left to his Decision.

VI. If upon the Trial of any Issue of Fact by a Judge under this Act it shall appear to the Judge that the Questions arising thereon involve Matter of Account which cannot conveniently be tried before him, it shall be lawful for him, at his Discretion, to order that such Matter of Account be referred to an Arbitrator appointed by the Parties, or to an Officer of the Court, or, in Country Causes, to a Judge of any County Court, upon such Terms as to Costs, and otherwise, as such Judge shall think reasonable; and the Award or Certificate of such Referee shall have the same Effect as herein-before provided as to the Award or Certificate of a Referee before Trial; and it shall be competent for the Judge to proceed to try and dispose of any other Matters in question, not referred, in like Manner as if no Reference had been made.

S-VII Proceedings before and Power of such Arbitrator.

VII Proceedings before and Power of such Arbitrator.

VII. The Proceedings upon any such Arbitration as aforesaid shall, except otherwise directed hereby or by the Submission or Document authorizing the Reference, be conducted in like Manner, and subject to the same Rules and Enactments, as to the Power of the Arbitrator and of the Court, the Attendance of Witnesses, the Production of Documents, enforcing or setting aside the Award, and otherwise, as upon a Reference made by Consent under a Rule of Court or Judge's Order.

S-VIII Power to send back to Arbitrator.

VIII Power to send back to Arbitrator.

VIII. In any Case where Reference shall be made to Arbitration as aforesaid the Court or a Judge shall have Power at any Time, and from Time to Time, to remit the Matters referred, or any or either of them, to the Re-consideration and Re-determination of the said Arbitrator, upon such Terms, as to Costs and otherwise, as to the said Court or Judge may seem proper.

S-IX Application to set aside the Award.

IX Application to set aside the Award.

IX. All Applications to set aside any Award made on a compulsory Reference under this Act shall and may be made within the First Seven Days of the Term next following the Publication of the Award to the Parties, whether made in Vacation or Term; and if no such Application is made, or if no Rule is granted thereon, or if any Rule granted thereon is afterwards discharged, such Award shall be final between the Parties.

S-X Enforcing of Awards within Period for setting them aside.

X Enforcing of Awards within Period for setting them aside.

X. Any Award made on a compulsory Reference under this Act may, by Authority of a Judge, on such Terms as to him may seem reasonable, be enforced at any Time after Seven Days from the Time of Publication, notwithstanding that the Time for moving to set it aside has not elapsed.

S-XI If Action commenced by One Party after all have agreed to Arbitration, Court or Judge may stay Proceedings.

XI If Action commenced by One Party after all have agreed to Arbitration, Court or Judge may stay Proceedings.

XI. Whenever the Parties to any Deed or Instrument in Writing to be hereafter made or executed, or any of them, shall agree that any then existing or future Differences between them or any of them shall be referred to Arbitration, and any One or more of the Parties so agreeing, or any Person or Persons claiming through or under him or them, shall...

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