IT is important first of all to define the terms such as hacker, cracker, phreak, script kidddies, and cyberpunk because they are often used interchangeably. For example, a hacker could also be a cracker; a phreak may use hacking techniques; and so on. To help pinpoint the specifics of each of these, this is how they're related: A hacker is a technology gum who is totally immersed in computer technology and computer programming, someone who likes to examine the code of operating systems and other programs to see how they work. Whether the interest lies in and around hardware, operating systems, protocols, or security, the hacker will seek out every bit of knowledge about his or her interest and report any tricks or secrets.
`Typically, the result includes new ways to use or improve the device, protocol, or operating system. Hackers will let you know that they're simply on a quest, a quest for knowledge, and they'll gladly share the results with you. More recently, however, "hacker' has come to be used erroneously by the media to describe virtually any form of illicit act.
A cracker can be thought of as an unlawful hacker, a person who circumvents or defeats the security measures of a network or particular computer system to gain unauthorized access. The classic goal of a cracker is to obtain information illegally from a computer system to use computer resources illegally. Nevertheless, the main goal of the majority is to merely break into the system. Nowadays, this individual would use his or her computer expertise for illicit purposes such as gaining access to computer systems without permission and tampering with programs and data on those systems. At that point, this individual would steal information, carry out corporate espionage, and install backdoors, viruses, and Trojan horses.
A phreak is a person who breaks into telephone networks or other secured telecommunication systems to see how they work. For example, in the 1970s, the telephone system used audible tones as switching signals; phone phreaks used their own custom-built hardware to match the tones to steal long-distance services. Despite the sophisticated security barriers used by most providers today, service theft such as this is quite common globally.
Script kiddies are amateur hackers, sometimes referred to as lamers.
They don't possess the level of knowledge of true hackers; rather, they customarily download hacking tools and program snippets (or scripts), and then use...