important part of that environment. Community archives within these societies serve as
records of those changesas well as sources of current information for their members.
In this section, we discuss previous works on immigrant communities in relation to
information needs and information sources, information environments and community
archives. As all three aspectsare well represented in the literature and are wide and complex
in its essence, it is not the intention of this paper to cover previous works extensively, but
rather to point to the main argumentsthat guided our research.
Literature shows that information needs and sources, especially for the new arrivals,
mainly revolve around everyday life context.For example, Sirikul and Dorner (2016, p. 535)
concluded from their study on information behaviour of the Thai immigrants in New
Zealand that main information needs of the participants were for employment, English
language learning, housing,health and making connections and that their main information
sources during settlement were family, friends and the internet. These ﬁndings are very
much in line with a number of other research papers (Shoham and Strauss, 2007), even if
they studied different national groups, and in different geographical and other contexts.
Sibal and Foo (2016) examined the information behaviour of the diasporic Filipino
community, bringing into discussion public governance, education and the pedagogical
component of technologyuse. They concluded that that a majority of their participants were
“already digitally connected, but found the need to introduce them to a plurality of
information sources –including the institutionalised and authoritative ones manned by the
government”(p. 1582). Previous researchers show that the internet is often immigrants’
main source of information. In addition, social networking sites (SNSs) (such as Facebook)
play a signiﬁcant role not only in seeking and using information but also in forming
connections and contributingto social inclusion in general. Khoir et al. (2015, p. 95) argued in
their study, “Capability in information behaviour will generally result in a positive
settlement process that reﬂects social inclusion.”Personal connections are often used as
trusted sources of information (Fisher et al., 2004;Su and Conaway, 1995). Silvio (2006)
researched information needs of immigrant southern Sudanese youths and showed that
participants seek easily accessible information, preferably from interpersonal sources.
Ethnic local newspapers are also perceived as trusted sources of information, abroad and
locally (Karanﬁl, 2007). Lin and Song (2006), forexample, investigated the ethnic press and
how it tells geo-ethnic storieswhich are “culturally relevant and locally vital information to
immigrants in the hostsociety.”An interesting point they raise is about the mindset of many
media publishers who targetprimarily ﬁrst-generation readers.
In previous research, information behaviour of immigrants is explored both from the
aspects of new and settled immigrants and their descendants.The latter is not as present in
the literature as the former. However, the descendants’notions of home and host country are
quite different from what their parents and grandparents experienced. That difference
means that the strength of their informationneeds and their topics of interest will also differ
from previous generations in their family. Authors such as Boyd (2002),Alba (2005), and
Waldinger and Feliciano(2004) explored a second- and third-generation immigrants. Waters
et al. (2010) examined theories of immigrant assimilation by exploring the effect of
acculturation types on socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood. The question of
boundaries is raised by Alba (2005,p. 41) who points:
[...] the construction of immigrant native boundaries is, in each society, a path-dependent process
that hinges on the materials available in the social-structural, cultural, legal, and other
institutional domains of the receiving society, as well as on characteristics and histories that the
immigrants themselves present.
Croats in New