ELECTRICITY IN THE NORTH OF SCOTLAND

Date01 February 1956
DOIhttp://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9485.1956.tb00804.x
Publication Date01 February 1956
AuthorD. L. Munby
ELECTRICITY
IN
THE NORTH
OF
SCOTLAND
THE
aim of the following paper is to
assess
the success
of
the
policies
followed
by
the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board
in
supplying
the North of Scotland with electricity. In particular we raise the
question
of
the cost
of
electricity, and of how far the
policies
followed
are justified as compared with alternatives which have been available.'
I
EXPANSION
The capital investment programme of the North of Scotland Hydro-
Electric Board
has
radically changed the character of many parts of
the Highlands, and has had wide repercussions on many aspects of
life. From Table
I
it will be seen that, over the
six
years
1949
to
1954,
capital investment has averaged
€14
m.
per year, though it has
TABLE
I
INVESTMENT
BY
THE
NORTH
OF
SCOTLAND
HYDRO-ELECTRIC
BOARD,
1949
-
54
Assets at 31st December
1948
Acquired assets at 31st
December
1949
Annual investment
1949
I950
1951
I952
1953
1954
Total
1949-54
Total capital
1948-54
Generation
Hydro
Em.
11.8
3.3
10.6
10.5
6.9
8-8
11.1
11.8
63.0
-
-
78.1
Other
fm.
06
1
a7
0.1
0.4
0-8
0.4
0.1
0.2
1.5
3
-9
Traps-
mission
-
fm.
1
a6
07
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.8
1
-8
1.8
7.2
-
Distribu.
tion
-
fm.
1
-5
67
1.9
2.7
2.9
S-8
$1
$5
17.4
-
9.5
1
25.6
Other
fm.
03
01
0.2
09
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.9
-
1.2
TOW'
_L
Pm.
19.6
12.5
1.94
12.2
11-4
18.6
15.9
19.9
864
118.5
1
Total
capital expenditure includes expenditure not allocated to
particular sectors in a given year, but added perhaps in
the
next year.
This explains why, at 31st December
1948,
assets as distributed to
particular sectors are nearly
f4
m. less than total assets, whereas total
capital expenditure between
1949
and
1954
is
nearly
€4
m.
less than
sector investment. The annual figures for each sector do not therefore
clearly measure the actual volume of investment in that sector in
that year.
1
I
am grateful
for
information kindly supplied by the Board
on
a
number
of
points.
I9
20
D.
L.
MUNBY
fluctuated considerably
as
a result
of
changes in the Government's
investment policy. In general, capital expenditure on generation
represents about two-thirds of total capital expenditure, that on
dis-
tribution about a fifth, and that on main transmission
less
than a tenth.
The purpose of this vast expenditure by the Board has been to
expand the production and consumption of electricity in the area.
In
this
task
the Board has been outstandingly successful
;
what
is
more
in
question
is
the cost of this success, and how far it has justified
itself.
TABLE
11
INDICES
OF
EXPANSION,
1949
-
54
I
Total generating capa-
city (KW. installed at
end of year)
.
.
Hydro-electric capacity
(KW.
installed at end
of year) .
. .
Million units generated
Million units generated
by
water power. .
Million units sold to
customers in area .
Million units sold
to
B.E.A. .
.
.
Total sales' (m. units).
Domestic sales (includ-
ing crofts)? .
.
Commercial sales' .
Farm sales2
.
.
Industrial sales2. .
Consumers connected
at end
of
year (thou-
sands) .
.
.
Consumption per con-
sumer (units) . .
North
of
Scotland Hydro-Electric
Board
1949
___-
250,970
86,915
710
321
511
56
594
206
103
15
163
222.2
2.301
1954
594,372
43 1,385
1,566
1,183
90
1
390
1,333
366
186
60
267
322.1
2,797
1954as
5%
of
199
237
496
220
368
I76
693
224
I78
181
399
164
145
122
Brit4h
Electncity
Authority
19544.5
as
%
of
1949-50
153
...
152
...
149
1
so
I36
165
260
152
118
127
Including units used in construction schemes.
*
Commercial sales include
'
Shops, offices, business, commercial and
public premises
'
and
'
Hotels and boarding houses
'
for the Board, and
'
Commercial
'
for B.E.A. Industrial sales include
'
Factories and work-
shops
'
and
*
Waterworks and drainage pumping stations
'
for the Board,
and
'
Industrial
'
for B.E.A. They ex:lude units used in construction.
Owing
to
reclassification,
'
Domestic and
'
Commercial
'
sales for
B.E.A. are not exactly comparable in the two years. B.E.A.
years
run
to
31st
March.
I
__
. .

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT