Family Law (Scotland) Act 1985

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1985 c. 37
a husband to his wife;a wife to her husband;a partner in a civil partnership to the other partner,a father or mother to his or her child;a person to a child (other than a child who has been boarded out with him by a local or other public authority or a voluntary organisation) who has been accepted by him as a child of his family.(2) For the purposes of this Act, an obligation of aliment is an obligation to provide such support as is reasonable in the circumstances, having regard to the matters to which a court is required or entitled to have regard under section 4 of this Act in determining the amount of aliment to award in an action for aliment.(3) Any obligation of aliment arising under a decree or by operation of law and subsisting immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, except insofar as consistent with this section, cease to have effect as from the commencement of this Act.(4) Nothing in this section shall affect any arrears due under a decree at the date of termination or cessation of an obligation of aliment, nor any rule of law by which a person who is owed an obligation of aliment may claim aliment from the executor of a deceased person or from any person enriched by the succession to the estate of a deceased person.(5) In subsection (1) above—
  • child” means a person—
    • (a) under the age of 18 years; or
    • (b) over that age and under the age of 25 years who is reasonably and appropriately undergoing instruction at an educational establishment, or training for employment or for a trade, profession or vocation;
  • husband” and “wife” include the parties to a valid polygamous marriage.
(1) A claim for aliment only (whether or not expenses are also sought) may be made, against any person owing an obligation of aliment, in the Court of Session or the sheriff court.for divorce, separation, declarator of marriage or declarator of nullity of marriage;for dissolution of a civil partnership, separation of civil partners or declarator of nullity of a civil partnership,relating to orders for financial provision;concerning parental responsibilities or parental rights (within the meaning of sections 1(3) and 2(4) respectively of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995) or guardianship in relation to children;concerning parentage or legitimacy;of any other kind, where the court considers it appropriate to include a claim for aliment.(3) In this Act “action for aliment” means a claim for aliment in proceedings referred to in subsection (1) or (2) a person (including a child) to whom the obligation of aliment is owed;by the curator bonis of an incapax the F3parent or guardian of the child;. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .a person with whom the child lives or who is seeking a residence order (within the meaning of section 11(2) (c) of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995) in respect of the child.(5) A woman (whether married or not) may bring an action for aliment on behalf of her unborn child as if the child had been born, but no such action shall be heard or disposed of prior to the birth of the child.(6) It shall be competent to bring an action for aliment, notwithstanding that the person for or on behalf of whom aliment is being claimed is living in the same household as the defender.(7) It shall be a defence to an action for aliment brought by virtue of subsection (6) above that the defender is fulfilling the obligation of aliment, and intends to continue doing so.(8) It shall be a defence to an action for aliment by or on behalf of a person other than a child under the age of 16 years that the defender is making an offer, which it is reasonable to expect the person concerned to accept, to receive that person into his household and to fulfil the obligation of aliment.(9) For the purposes of subsection (8) above, in considering whether it is reasonable to expect a person to accept an offer, the court shall have regard among other things to any conduct, decree or other circumstances which appear to the court to be relevant: but the fact that a husband and wife F58or the partners in a civil partnership have agreed to

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