Finance Act 2015

Citation2015 c. 11
JurisdictionUK Non-devolved


Finance Act 2015

2015 CHAPTER 11

An Act to grant certain duties, to alter other duties, and to amend the law relating to the National Debt and the Public Revenue, and to make further provision in connection with finance.

[26th March 2015]

Most Gracious Sovereign

WE, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Commons of the United Kingdom in Parliament assembled, towards raising the necessary supplies to defray Your Majesty's public expenses, and making an addition to the public revenue, have freely and voluntarily resolved to give and to grant unto Your Majesty the several duties hereinafter mentioned; and do therefore most humbly beseech Your Majesty that it may be enacted, and be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:-

1 Income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax

PART 1

Income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax

CHAPTER 1

Charge, rates etc

Income tax

Income tax

S-1 Charge and rates for 2015-16

1 Charge and rates for 2015-16

(1) Income tax is charged for the year 2015-16.

(2) For that tax year-

(a) the basic rate is 20%,

(b) the higher rate is 40%, and

(c) the additional rate is 45%.

S-2 Limits and allowances for 2015-16

2 Limits and allowances for 2015-16

(1) For the tax year 2015-16-

(a) the amount specified in section 37(2) of ITA 2007 (income limit for personal allowance for those born before 6 April 1938) is replaced with "£27,700",

(b) the amount specified in section 38(1) of that Act (blind person's allowance) is replaced with "£2,290",

(c) the amount specified in section 43 of that Act ("minimum amount" for calculating tax reductions for married couples and civil partners) is replaced with "£3,220",

(d) the amount specified in section 45(3)(a) of that Act (amount for calculating allowance in relation to marriages before 5 December 2005 where spouse is 75 over) is replaced with "£8,355",

(e) the amount specified in section 45(4) of that Act (income limit for calculating allowance in relation to marriages before 5 December 2005) is replaced with "£27,700",

(f) the amount specified in section 46(3)(a) of that Act (amount for calculating allowance in relation to marriages and civil partnerships on or after 5 December 2005 where spouse or civil partner is 75 or over) is replaced with "£8,355", and

(g) the amount specified in section 46(4) of that Act (income limit for calculating allowance in relation to marriages and civil partnerships on or after 5 December 2005) is replaced with "£27,700".

(2) Accordingly, for that tax year, section 57 of that Act (indexation of allowances), so far as relating to the amounts specified in sections 37(2), 38(1), 43, 45(3)(a), 45(4), 46(3)(a) and 46(4) of that Act, does not apply.

S-3 Personal allowances for 2015-16

3 Personal allowances for 2015-16

(1) Section 2 of FA 2014 (basic rate limit for 2015-16 and personal allowances from 2015) is amended as set out in subsections (2) and (3).

(2) In subsection (1)(b) (amount specified for 2015-16 in section 35(1) of ITA 2007 (personal allowance for those born after 5 April 1938)), for ""£10,500"" substitute ""£10,600"".

(3) In subsection (8) (amendments of section 57 of ITA 2007), omit the "and" at the end of paragraph (a) and after that paragraph insert-

"(aa) in subsection (1)(h), omit "36(2),", and".

(4) In section 55B(4)(a) of ITA 2007 (transferable tax allowance for married couples and civil partners: entitlement to tax reduction), for "£1,050" substitute "£1,060".

(5) The amendments made by subsections (3) and (4) have effect for the tax year 2015-16 and subsequent tax years.

S-4 Basic rate limit from 2016

4 Basic rate limit from 2016

(1) The amount specified in section 10(5) of ITA 2007 (basic rate limit) is replaced-

(a) for the tax year 2016-17, with "£31,900", and

(b) for the tax year 2017-18, with "£32,300".

(2) Accordingly, for those tax years section 21 of that Act (indexation of limits), so far as relating to the basic rate limit, does not apply.

S-5 Personal allowance from 2016

5 Personal allowance from 2016

(1) The amount specified in section 35(1) of ITA 2007 (personal allowance for those born after 5 April 1938) is replaced-

(a) for the tax year 2016-17, with "£10,800", and

(b) for the tax year 2017-18, with "£11,000".

(2) Accordin gly, for those tax years, section 57 of that Act (indexation of allowances), so far as relating to the amount specified in section 35(1) of that Act, does not apply.

(3) In section 34(1)(a) of that Act, for "sections 35 and 37 deal" substitute "section 35 deals".

(4) In section 35 of that Act (personal allowance for those born after 5 April 1938)-

(a) for paragraphs (a) and (b) substitute "meets the requirements of section 56 (residence etc).", and

(b) for the heading substitute "Personal allowance".

(5) Omit section 37 of that Act (personal allowance for those born before 6 April 1938).

(6) In section 45(4) of that Act (marriages before 5 December 2005), for paragraphs (a) and (b) substitute "half the excess".

(7) In section 46(4) of that Act (marriages and civil partnerships on or after 5 December 2005), for paragraphs (a) and (b) substitute "half the excess".

(8) In section 55B of that Act (transferable tax allowance for married couples and civil partners: tax reduction: entitlement), in subsection (6) omit "or 37".

(9) In section 55C of that Act (election to reduce personal allowance), in subsections (1)(b) and (2), omit "or 37".

(10) In section 57 of that Act (indexation of allowances)-

(a) in subsection (1)(a), for the words following "35(1)" substitute "(personal allowance)",

(b) in subsection (1)(h), omit "37(2),", and

(c) in subsection (4), omit "37(2),".

(11) The amendments made by subsections (3) to (10) have effect for the tax year 2016-17 and subsequent tax years.

Corporation tax

Corporation tax

S-6 Charge for financial year 2016

6 Charge for financial year 2016

(1) Corporation tax is charged for the financial year 2016.

(2) For that year the main rate of corporation tax is 20%.

CHAPTER 2

Income tax: general

S-7 Cars: the appropriate percentage for 2017-18

7 Cars: the appropriate percentage for 2017-18

(1) ITEPA 2003 is amended as follows.

(2) Section 139 (car with a CO 2 figure: the appropriate percentage) is amended as set out in subsections (3) and (4).

(3) In subsection (2)-

(a) in paragraph (a), for "7%" substitute "9%",

(b) in paragraph (aa), for "11%" substitute "13%", and

(c) in paragraph (b), for "15%" substitute "17%".

(4) In subsection (3), for "16%" substitute "18%".

(5) In section 140(2) (car without a CO 2 figure: the appropriate percentage), in the Table-

(a) for "16%" substitute "18%", and

(b) for "27%" substitute "29%".

(6) In section 142(2) (car first registered before 1 January 1998: the appropriate percentage), in the Table-

(a) for "16%" substitute "18%", and

(b) for "27%" substitute "29%".

(7) The amendments made by this section have effect for the tax year 2017-18.

S-8 Cars: the appropriate percentage for subsequent tax years

8 Cars: the appropriate percentage for subsequent tax years

(1) ITEPA 2003 is amended as follows.

(2) Section 139 (car with a CO 2 figure: the appropriate percentage) is amended as set out in subsections (3) and (4).

(3) In subsection (2)-

(a) in paragraph (a), for "9%" substitute "13%",

(b) in paragraph (aa), for "13%" substitute "16%", and

(c) in paragraph (b), for "17%" substitute "19%".

(4) In subsection (3), for "18%" substitute "20%".

(5) In section 140(2) (car without a CO 2 figure: the appropriate percentage), in the Table-

(a) for "18%" substitute "20%", and

(b) for "29%" substitute "31%".

(6) In section 142(2) (car first registered before 1 January 1998: the appropriate percentage), in the Table-

(a) for "18%" substitute "20%", and

(b) for "29%" substitute "31%".

(7) The amendments made by this section have effect for the tax year 2018-19 and subsequent tax years.

S-9 Diesel cars: the appropriate percentage for 2015-16

9 Diesel cars: the appropriate percentage for 2015-16

(1) In section 141(2) of ITEPA 2003 (diesel cars: the appropriate percentage), in Step 3, for "35%" substitute "37%".

(2) The amendment made by this section has effect for the tax year 2015-16.

S-10 Zero-emission vans

10 Zero-emission vans

(1) ITEPA 2003 is amended as follows.

(2) In section 155 (cash equivalent of the benefit of a van), for subsections (1) and (2) substitute-

"(1) The cash equivalent of the benefit of a van for a tax year is calculated as follows.

(1A) If the restricted private use condition is met in relation to the van for the tax year, the cash equivalent is nil.

(1B) If that condition is not met in relation to the van for the tax year-

(a)if the van cannot in any circumstances emit CO2 by being driven and the tax year is any of the tax years 2015-16 to 2019-20, the cash equivalent is the appropriate percentage of £3,150, and

(b) in any other case, the cash equivalent is £3,150.

(1C) The appropriate percentage for the purposes of subsection (1B)(a) is-

(a) 20% for the tax year 2015-16,

(b) 40% for the tax year 2016-17,

(c) 60% for the tax year 2017-18,

(d) 80% for the tax year 2018-19, and

(e) 90% for the tax year 2019-20."

(3) In section 156(1) (reduction for periods when van unavailable), for "155(1)" substitute "155".

(4) In section 158(1) (reduction for payments for private use), for "155(1)" substitute "155".

(5) In section 160(1)(c) (benefit of fuel treated as earnings), for "section 155(1)(b)" substitute "section 155(1B)(b)".

(6) In section 170 (orders etc relating to Chapter 6 of Part...

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