Finance Act 2020

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation2020 c. 14


Finance Act 2020

2020 Chapter 14

An Act to grant certain duties, to alter other duties, and to amend the law relating to the national debt and the public revenue, and to make further provision in connection with finance.

[22 July 2020]

Most Gracious Sovereign

WE, Your Majesty’s most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Commons of the United Kingdom in Parliament assembled, towards raising the necessary supplies to defray Your Majesty’s public expenses, and making an addition to the public revenue, have freely and voluntarily resolved to give and to grant unto Your Majesty the several duties hereinafter mentioned; and do therefore most humbly beseech Your Majesty that it may be enacted, and be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1 Income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax

PART 1

Income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax

Income tax charge, rates etc

Income tax charge, rates etc

S-1 Income tax charge for tax year 2020-21

1 Income tax charge for tax year 2020-21

Income tax is charged for the tax year 2020-21.

S-2 Main rates of income tax for tax year 2020-21

2 Main rates of income tax for tax year 2020-21

For the tax year 2020-21 the main rates of income tax are as follows—

(a) the basic rate is 20%,

(b) the higher rate is 40%, and

(c) the additional rate is 45%.

S-3 Default and savings rates of income tax for tax year 2020-21

3 Default and savings rates of income tax for tax year 2020-21

(1) For the tax year 2020-21 the default rates of income tax are as follows—

(a)

(a) the default basic rate is 20%,

(b)

(b) the default higher rate is 40%, and

(c)

(c) the default additional rate is 45%.

(2) For the tax year 2020-21 the savings rates of income tax are as follows—

(a)

(a) the savings basic rate is 20%,

(b)

(b) the savings higher rate is 40%, and

(c)

(c) the savings additional rate is 45%.

S-4 Starting rate limit for savings for tax year 2020-21

4 Starting rate limit for savings for tax year 2020-21

Section 21 of ITA 2007 (indexation) does not apply in relation to the starting rate limit for savings for the tax year 2020-21 (so that the starting rate limit for savings remains at £5,000 for that tax year).

Corporation tax charge and rates

Corporation tax charge and rates

S-5 Main rate of corporation tax for financial year 2020

5 Main rate of corporation tax for financial year 2020

(1) For the financial year 2020 the main rate of corporation tax is 19%.

(2) Accordingly, omit section 7(2) of F(No.2)A 2015 (which is superseded by the provision made by subsection (1)).

S-6 Corporation tax: charge and main rate for financial year 2021

6 Corporation tax: charge and main rate for financial year 2021

(1) Corporation tax is charged for the financial year 2021.

(2) The main rate of corporation tax for that year is 19%.

Employment income and social security income

Employment income and social security income

S-7 Workers’ services provided through intermediaries

7 Workers’ services provided through intermediaries

Schedule 1 makes provision about workers’ services provided through intermediaries.

S-8 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2020-21 onwards

8 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2020-21 onwards

(1) Chapter 6 of Part 3 of ITEPA 2003 (taxable benefits: cars etc) is amended as follows.

(2) In section 136 (car with a CO 2 emissions figure: post-September 1999 registration)—

(a)

(a) in subsection (2A)—

(i) after “figure” insert “in a case where the car is first registered before 6 April 2020”,

(ii) for “light-duty” substitute “light”, and

(iii) for “an EC certificate of conformity” substitute “the EC certificate of conformity or UK approval certificate”, and

(b)

(b) after subsection (2A) insert—

(2B) For the purpose of determining the car’s CO 2 emissions figure in a case where the car is first registered on or after 6 April 2020, ignore any values specified in the EC certificate of conformity or UK approval certificate that are not WLTP (worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedures) values.”

(3) In section 137 (car with a CO 2 emissions figure: bi-fuel cars)—

(a)

(a) in subsection (2A)—

(i) after “figure” insert “in a case where the car is first registered before 6 April 2020”,

(ii) for “light-duty” substitute “light”, and

(iii) for “an EC certificate of conformity” substitute “the EC certificate of conformity or UK approval certificate”, and

(b)

(b) after subsection (2A) insert—

(2B) For the purpose of determining the car’s CO 2 emissions figure in a case where the car is first registered on or after 6 April 2020, ignore any values specified in the EC certificate of conformity or UK approval certificate that are not WLTP (worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedures) values.”

(4) In section 139 (car with a CO 2 emissions figure)—

(a)

(a) for subsection (2) substitute—

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) and the table—

(a)

(a) if a CO2 emissions figure is not a whole number, round it down to the nearest whole number, and

(b)

(b) if an electric range figure is not a whole number, round it up to the nearest whole number.”, and

(b)

(b) after subsection (5) insert—

(5A) For the purpose of determining the electric range figure for a car first registered before 6 April 2020, ignore any WLTP (worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedures) values specified in an EC certificate of conformity, an EC type-approval certificate or a UK approval certificate.

(5B) For the purpose of determining the electric range figure for a car first registered on or after 6 April 2020, ignore any values specified in an EC certificate of conformity, an EC type-approval certificate or a UK approval certificate that are not WLTP (worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedures) values.”

(5) The amendments made by this section have effect for the tax year 2020-21 and subsequent tax years.

S-9 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2020-21 only

9 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2020-21 only

(1) For the tax year 2020-21, Chapter 6 of Part 3 of ITEPA 2003 (taxable benefits: cars etc) has effect with the following modifications.

(2) In section 139 (car with a CO 2 emissions figure: the appropriate percentage)—

(a)

(a) in the table in subsection (1), in the second column of the entry for a car with a CO2 emissions figure of 0, for “2%” substitute “0%”, and

(b)

(b) in subsection (7) before paragraph (a) insert—

“(za)

“(za) section 139A (recently registered cars),”.

(3) After section 139 insert—

S-139A

139A

139A. Section 139: recently registered car with CO2 emissions figure

In its application in relation to a car that is first registered on or after 6 April 2020, section 139 has effect as if—

(a) for the table in subsection (1) there were substituted—

“Car

Appropriate percentage

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 0

0%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 1 - 50

0%

3%

6%

10%

12%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 51 - 54

13%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 55 - 59

14%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 60 - 64

15%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 65 - 69

16%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 70 - 74

17%”

(b) in subsection (3)(a) for “20%” there were substituted “18%”.”

(4) In section 140 (car without a CO 2 emissions figure: the appropriate percentage) in subsection (3)(a) for “2%” substitute “0%”.

S-10 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2021-22 only

10 Determining the appropriate percentage for a car: tax year 2021-22 only

(1) For the tax year 2021-22, Chapter 6 of Part 3 of ITEPA 2003 (taxable benefits: cars etc) has effect with the following modifications.

(2) In section 139 (car with a CO 2 emissions figure: the appropriate percentage)—

(a)

(a) in the table in subsection (1), in the second column of the entry for a car with a CO2 emissions figure of 0, for “2%” substitute “1%”, and

(b)

(b) in subsection (7) before paragraph (a) insert—

“(za)

“(za) section 139A (recently registered cars),”.

(3) After section 139 insert—

S-139A

139A

139A. Section 139: recently registered car with CO2 emissions figure

In its application in relation to a car that is first registered on or after 6 April 2020, section 139 has effect as if—

(a) for the table in subsection (1) there were substituted—

“Car

Appropriate percentage

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 0

1%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 1 - 50

1%

4%

7%

11%

13%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 51 - 54

14%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 55 - 59

15%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 60 - 64

16%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 65 - 69

17%

Car with CO 2 emissions figure of 70 - 74

18%”

(b) in subsection (3)(a) for “20%” there were substituted “19%”.”

(4) In section 140 (car without a CO 2 emissions figure: the appropriate percentage) in subsection (3)(a) for “2%” substitute “1%”.

S-11 Apprenticeship bursaries paid to persons leaving local authority care

11 Apprenticeship bursaries paid to persons leaving local authority care

(1) In Part 4 of ITEPA 2003 (employment income:...

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