Heydon's Case

JurisdictionEngland & Wales
Judgment Date01 January 1584
Date01 January 1584
CourtExchequer

English Reports Citation: 76 E.R. 637

IN THE EXCHEQUER

Heydon's Case

Cf. Hawkins v. Gathercole, 1855, 6 De G. M. & G. 1; 43 E. R. 1129. See R. v. Sillem, 1864, 11 L. T. 225; Easton v. Richmond Highway Board, 1871, L. R. 7 Q. B. 76; R. v. Castra, 1874, L. R. 9 Q. B. 360; River Wear Commissioners v. Adamson, 1877, 2 App. Cas. 764; R. v. Holbrook, 1878, 4 Q. B. D. 46; Harding v. Preece, 1882, 9 Q. B. D. 298; Bradlaugh v. Clarke, 1883, 8 App. Cas. 362; In re Leavesley [1891], 2 Ch. 8; Pelton Brothers v. Harrison [1891], 2 Q. B. 424; Lord Henry Bruce v. Marquess of Ailesbury [1892], A. C. 361; In re Mayfair Property Company [1898], 2 Ch. 35.

S. C. Moor 128. Co. Ent. 372. nu. 10. 1 Leon. 4. 333. 4 Leon. 117. Sav. 66. S. C. cited acc. post 9 Co. 105. a. 2 Inst. 505. 2 Cowp. 707. 709. 1 Wils. 26, 27. ii. 193. 6 T. R. 385. 6 East 480. 1 Bro. C. C. 24. 2 Bl. Com. 113. 3 Wood, 506. Watk. Gilb. Ten. 163, 4, 5, 6, 170, 1. 184. 1 Fonbl. Tr. Eq. 300 n. 1 Cru. Dig. 304. iv. 325. 1 Prest. Est. 2nd edit. 487. 1 Prest. Conv. 153, 4 Bart. Prec. 209. n. Vin. Abr. Copyhold A. pl 4. O. d. pl. 2, 3, 4. 46. Estate. R. a. 9. pl. 7. Formedon T. 3. pl. 1. Statutes E. 6. pl. 137. Com. Dig. Copyhold C. 8. N. O. Bac. Abr. Copyhold C. 1, 2, i. 709, 710, 711, 712. Execution C. 2. ii. 713. Leases &c. E. iv. 73. Statute J. 4. 6. 8, 9. vi. 383, 387. 389, 390, 391. See the notes and references infra.

Bco.REF.7a. heydon's case 637 w? :,:ò&: [7 a] heydon's case. Pasch. 26 Eliz. But the plea began Pasch. 20 Eliz. Rot. 140. in the Exchequer. 1584. [Cf. Hawkins v. Gathercole, 1855, 6 De G. M. & G. 1 ; 43 E. R. 1129. See B. v. Sillem, 1864, 11 L. T. 225 ; Eastm \. Richmond Highway Board, 1871, L. R. 7 Q. B. 76; R. v. Castro, 1874, L. R. 9 Q. B. 360; River Wear Commissioners v. Adamson, 1877, 2 App. Gas. 764; R. v. HoUrrook, 1878, 4 Q. B. D. 46; Harding v. Preece, 1882, 9 Q. B. D. 298 ; Bradlaugh v. Clarke, 1883, 8 App. Gas. 362 ; In re Leavesley [1891], 2 Ch. 8; Pelton Brothers v. Harrison [1891], 2 Q. B. 424; Lord Henry Bruce v. Marquess of Ailesbury [1892], A. C. 361 ; In re May fair Property Company [1898], 2 Ch. 35.] S. C. Moor 128. Co. Ent. 372. nu. 10. 1 Leon. 4. 333. 4 Leon. 117. Sav. 66. S. C. cited ncc.posi 9 Co. 105. a. 2 Inst. 505. [2 Cowp. 707. 709. 1 Wils. 26, 27. ii. 193. 6 T. R. 385. 6 East 480. 1 Bro. C. C. 24. 2 Bl. Com. 113. 3 Wood, 506. Watk. Gilb. Ten. 163, 4, 5, 6, 170, 1. 184. 1 Fonbl. Tr. Eq. 300 n. 1 Cru. Dig. 304. iv. 325. 1 Prest. Eat. 2nd edit. 487. 1 Prest. Conv. 153, 4 Bart. Preo. 209. n. Vin. Abr. Copyhold A. pi 4. O. d. pi. 2, 3, 4. 46. Estate. R. a. 9. pi. 7. Formedon T. 3. pi. 1. Statutes E. 6. pi. 137. Com. Dig. Copyhold C. 8. N. 0. Bac. Abr. Copyhold C. 1, 2, i. 709, 710, 711, 712. Execution C. 2. ii. 713. Leases &c. E. iv. 73. Statute J. 4. 6. 8, 9. vi. 383, 387. 389, 390, 391. See the notes and references infra.] The statute 31 H. 8. c. 13. avoids cases of lands whereof any estate for life, &c. was then in being, made by religious persons within a year before ; a copyhold was granted by copy for life, and then the religious house made a lease of it to another for 80 years ; held that the lease was void, the copyhold estate being an estate for life within the statute. Copyholds are not within the general words of a statute which alters the service, tenure, custom or interest of the land, to the prejudice of the lord or tenant, but are included within the general words of a statute where no prejudice thereby ensues to the lord or tenant. The Statute de Donis does not extend to copyholds, unless there is a special custom. The statute W. 2. c. 18. which gives the elegit does not extend to copyholds; but they are within the statute W. 2 c. 3. which gives the wife a cui in vita, and receipt ; and c. 4. giving the particular tenant a quod ei deforceat. Where a person has power to lease, reserving the moat accustomable rent for twenty years before, a verdict finding a lease rendering the customary rent, is sufficient. In an information upon an intrusion in the Exchequer (a), against Heydon, for intruding into certain lands, &c. in the county of Devon : upon the general issue, the jurors gave a special verdict to this effect. First, they found that parcel of the lands in the information was ancient copyholds of the manor of Ottery, whereof the warden and canons regular of the late college of Ottery were seised in the right of the said college ; and that the warden and canons of the said college, 22 H. 7. at a court of the said manor, granted the same parcel by copy, to Ware the father and Ware the son, for their lives, at the will of the lord, according to the custom of the said manor; and that the rest of the land in the information was occupied by S. and G. at the will of the warden and canons of the said college for the time being, in the time of H. 8. And further that the said S. and G. so possessed, and the said Ware and Ware so seised aa aforesaid, the said warden and canons by their deed indented, dated 12 January anno 30 H. 8. did lease the same to Heydon the defendant for eighty years, rendering certain rents severally for several parcels ; and found that the said several rents (a) As to an information of intrusion, see ante i. p. 16 a. (a). (ED.) 638 beydon's case sco. rep.td, in Heydon'a lease reserved, were the ancient and accustomed rents of the several parcels of the lands, and found, that after the said lease they did surrender their college, and all the possessions thereof to King Hen. 8. And further found the statute of (b) 31 Hen. 8. and the branch of it, scil. by which it is enacted, "That if any abbot, &c. or other religious and ecclesiastical house or [7 b] place, within one year next before the first day of this present Parliament, hath made, or...

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