International Political Science Abstracts

Date01 April 2020
Publication Date01 April 2020
DOI10.1177/0020834520916583
SubjectAbstracts
161
I
POLITICAL SCIENCE : METHOD AND THEORY
SCIENCE POLITIQUE : MÉTHODES ET THÉORIES
70.1618 AASKOVEN, Lasse Redistributing under fiscal con-
straint: partisanship, debt, inequality and labour market
regulation. Journal of Public Policy 39(3), Sept. 2019 : 423-
441.
Labour market regulation varies significantly, both within and between
developed democracies. While there has been extensive research and
debate in economics on the consequences of labour market regulation,
the political causes for levels and changes in labour market regulation
have received less scholarly attention. This article investigates a political
economy explanation for differences in labour market regulation building
on a theoretical argument that labour regulation can be used as a nonfis-
cal redistribution tool. Consequently, partisanship, the demand for redis-
tribution and government budget constraint jointly determine whether
labour market regulation will increase or decrease. Consistent with this
argument, panel analyses from 33 OECD countries reveal that labour
market regulation increases under left -wing governments that face
increased market inequality and high government debt. [R]
70.1619 ABEBE, Daniel ; GINSBURG, Tom The dejudicialization
of international politics? International Studies Quarterly
63(3), Sept. 2019 : 521-530.
For many, the growing judicialization of international relations is the next
step in the process toward the complete legalization of international
politics. We draw on the literature in comparative judicial politics to
examine the limits of the phenomenon. The domestic literature on judi-
cialization portrays the process as something of a one-way ratchet. In an
increasingly juridified world, judges have been asked to take on greater
roles in global governance, and they seem to be doing so with aplomb.
This in turn incentivizes individuals and interest groups to frame their
policy claims in legal terms, providing ever-more fuel for judicial govern-
ance. Yet many courts and other legal institutions, both domestic and
international, have had their jurisdiction constrained, with some areas of
law removed from judicial purview. [R, abr.] [See Abstr. 70.1624]
70.1620 ABU-'UKSA, Wael The construction of the concepts
"democracy" and "republic" in Arabic in the Eastern and
Southern Mediterranean, 1798-1878. Journal of the History
of Ideas 80(2), Apr. 2019 : 249-270.
This article expands the efforts of conceptual historians examining the
construction of the concepts "democracy" and "republic" in the Arabic-
speaking regions of the Eastern and Southern Mediterranean. Further-
more, it endeavors to overcome what Jörn Leonhard calls "the trap of
semantic nominalism" in the use of these two concepts in the historiog-
raphy of the region, particularly the extensive use of Western political
concepts without considering how different historical contexts and lin-
guistic spheres influence their meanings. The investigation of "democra-
cy" and "republic" in this regard reveals their meanings in the particular
context of the Arabic language and refines their historical content in
relation to other political concepts between the beginning of the French
expedition to Egypt in 1798 and the end of the Tanzimat period and the
disbandment of the Ottoman parliament in 1878. [R, abr.]
70.1621 AISSAOUI, Alex Ilari Was there a balance of power
system in the ancient Near East? Diplomacy and Statecraft
30(3), Sept. 2019 : 421-442.
Although first explicitly coined in Renaissance Italy, the notion of a
“balance of power” the conduct of state actors to meet the logics of
power balancing goes back to pre-modern times. Traditionally, schol-
ars have looked to the Punic Wars and the early modern period as early
evidence for the balance. However, the ancient Near East during the
second-millennium BC has received far less attention. Yet Western Asia
existed as an international arena of states fully integrated in a system
based on interdependence and power balancing. In the field of Interna-
tional Relations, systematic analyses of this phase in world history
remain under-developed. Accordingly, the question of when a systemic
environment for the balancing behavior existed for the first time has been
addressed less in International Relations theory where the literature
leans primarily on the European experience. [R]
70.1622 ALDRICH, Daniel P. ; FORESTER, Summer ; HORHAGER,
Elisa Triggers or policy change: the 3.11 Fukushima
meltdowns and nuclear policy continuity. Environmental
Politics 28(7), Nov. 2019 : 1214-1235.
The Fukushima meltdown in Tohoku, Japan, served as catalyst for some
nations, including Germany, Belgium and Italy, to alter nuclear policies
but had no impact on the approaches of a number of others such as
Vietnam, China and Russia. Why, despite facing the same focusing
event, did private- and state-owned utilities in some countries alter their
nuclear energy policies while others kept the status quo. Adopting a
mixed-methods approach to understand this variation in energy policy
outcomes, quantitative analysis of 90 countries based on a new, sui
generis dataset shows that strong voice/accountability is negatively
correlated with changes in nuclear power programs while media open-
ness and political stability are positively connected with atomic energy
decisions. [R, abr.]
70.1623 ALEXANDRE, Laurent IA et éducation (IA and educa-
tion). Pouvoirs 170, 2019 : 105-118.
As a technology for the transmission of intelligence, school is already
outdated. Its accelerated modernization due to the impact of digital
technologies represents the dying fires of an institution destined to
become a historical curiosity based on approximative science, just like
sanatoriums. From 2035, education will become a “branch of medicine”,
using the immense resources of neuroscience in order first to customize
the transmission of intelligence and then to optimize it bio electronically.
This will be the only solution to avoid an intellectual apartheid in a world
rendered highly competitive by AI. [R] [See Abstr. 70.1862]
70.1624 ALTER, Karen J. ; HAFNER-BURTON, Emilie M. ; HELFER,
Laurence R. Theorizing the judicialization of Interna-
tional Relations. International Studies Quarterly 63(3), Sept.
2019 : 449-463.
This article introduces a Thematic Section and theorizes the multiple
ways that judicializing international relations shifts power away from
national executives and legislatures toward litigants, judges, arbitrators,
and other nonstate decision-makers. We identify two preconditions for
judicialization to occur (1) delegation to an adjudicatory body charged
with applying designated legal rules, and (2) legal rights-claiming by
actors who bring or threaten to bring a complaint to one or more of
these bodies. We classify the adjudicatory bodies that do and do not
contribute to judicializing international relations, including but not limited
to international courts. We then explain how rights-claiming initiates a
process for authoritatively determining past violations of the law, identify-
ing remedies for those violations, and preventing future violations. [R,
abr.] [First of a series of articles on "Judicializing international relations".
See also Abstr. 70.1619, 1990, 2020, 2439, 2760]
70.1625 AMIRONESEI, Razvan ; SCOVILLE, Caleb Groundwater
in California [USA]: from juridical and biopolitical gov-
ernmentality to a political physics of vital processes.
Theory, Culture and Society 36(5), Sept. 2019 : 133-157.
This article analyzes the emergence of a political rationality of groundwa-
ter in contemporary California. It contrasts a new government of nature
that we call a “political physics of vital processes”, operative in the case
of the Orange County Water District, with juridical and biopolitical ration-
alities of groundwater governance. To do so, we propose a genealogical
account grounded in a reading of a key concept in Aristotle’s first book of
Politics. The case is analyzed along the axes of subjectivity, space, and
temporality, opening to a novel way of conceptualizing the relation
between power and nature. [R]
70.1626 ANDERL, Felix ; WALLMEIER, Philipp “Institution” als
Scharnierkonzept zwischen Herrschaft und Widerstand.
Ein Vorschlag zur empirischen Analyse transnationaler
neoliberaler Herrschaft (“Institution” as a hinge concept
between domination and resistance. A proposal for the
empirical analysis of transnational neoliberal rule). For-
schungsjournal Neue soziale Bewegungen 32(2), 2019 : 192-
206.
Social movements challenge structures of rule. At the same time, they
are shaped by them and embedded within them. We empirically explore
this dialectical relationship through a focus on “institutions” as a hinge
concept between domination and resistance. Drawing on two case
Political science : method and theory
162
studies, we show that this conceptualization enables us to understand
otherwise elusive modes of transnational neoliberal rule. Drawing on the
extreme cases of a transnational advocacy network that is firmly inte-
grated into the World Bank, and the anti-institutional Communal Move-
ment in the US, we show that social movements including those close
to institutions as well as those that keep their distance to them are
being drawn into neoliberal modes of rule via encompassing institu tional
embraces. [R] [See Abstr. 70.2354]
70.1627 ANDERSEN, David Delfs Erbo ; KRISHNARAJAN, Suthan
Economic crisis, bureaucratic quality and democratic
breakdown. Government and Opposition 54(4), Oct. 2019 :
715-744.
Why do economic crises sometimes lead to democratic breakdown and
sometimes not? To answer this question, we bring in a new conditioning
factor. We propose that bureaucracies of higher quality implying more
competent, efficient and autonomous employees to a greater extent
shield the masses from impoverishment and unjust distribution of re-
sources. This dampens anti-regime mass mobilization, which decreases
elite incentives and opportunities for toppling the democratic regime.
Statistical analyses of democracies globally from 1903 to 2010 corrobo-
rate that the impact of economic crises on the risk of democratic break-
down is suppressed when democracies have a bureaucracy of higher
quality. The results are robust to alternative model specifications, includ-
ing a battery of ‘good governance’ indicators. [R, abr.]
70.1628 ANDERSON, Noel Competitive intervention, protracted
conflict, and the global prevalence of civil war. Interna-
tional Studies Quarterly 63(3), Sept. 2019 : 692-706.
This article develops a theory of competitive intervention in civil war to
explain variation in the global prevalence of intrastate conflict. I describe
the distortionary effects competitive interventions have on domestic
bargaining processes and explain the unique strategic dilemmas they
entail for third-party interveners. The theory uncovers the conditional
nature of intervention under the shadow of inadvertent escalation and
moves beyond popular anecdotes about “proxy wars” by deriving theo-
retically grounded propositions about the strategic logics motivating
intervener behaviors. I then link temporal variation in patterns of competi-
tive intervention to recent decreases in the prevalence and average
duration of internal conflicts. [R, abr.]
70.1629 ANGELIS, Massimo DE Migrants’ inhabiting through
commoning and state enclosures. A postface. Citizenship
Studies 23(6), Sept. 2019 : 627-636.
In this paper, I deploy the framework of commons as social systems
which I have developed in my last book Omnia Sunt Communia [Zed
books, 2017] to interpret the debate developed in this issue, enquire on
the relationship between commons and citizenship, and ground the
question of migrants’ inhabiting on the theory of commoning. [R] [See
Abstr. 70.1685]
70.1630 ANOLL, Allison ; ISRAEL-TRUMMEL, Mackenzie Do
felony disenfranchisement laws (de)mobilize? A case of
surrogate participation. Journal of Politics 81(4), Oct.
2019 : 1523-1527.
Recent studies provide conflicting accounts of whether indirect contact
with the American carceral state mobilizes. We revisit this controversy,
using a large national survey of Black Americans that includes a novel
measure of social connections to people with felony convictions to
examine spillover dynamics. We find that while ties to the carceral state
are widespread, the impact of these connections on participation is
moderated by the severity of state-level felony disenfranchisement laws.
In states with the most severe disenfranchisement policies, close ties to
people with felony convictions increase both voting and nonvoting partic-
ipation, but there is no effect in states with more moderate laws. [R, abr.]
70.1631 ARIAS, Eric ; STASAVAGE, David How large are the
political costs of fiscal austerity? Journal of Politics 81(4),
Oct. 2019 : 1517-1522.
There are good reasons to think that fiscal austerity can have important
costs, and among these is political instability. We suggest that these
political costs may be harder to identify than one might assume. Using a
broad sample of countries from 1870 to 2011, we ask whether expendi-
ture cuts are associated with increased leader turnover through either
regular or irregular means. Ordinary least squares estimates suggest
that there is no effect, but this may be due to a bias whereby leaders
adopt austerity only when they think they can survive it. As an alternative
empirical strategy, we also report instrumental variables estimates in
which expenditure cuts are instrumented by exogenous trade and finan-
cial shocks, and we continue to observe a null result. Finally, we consid-
er which interpretations of voter behavior might be consistent with our
results. [R]
70.1632 ARSENAULT, Rachel, et al. Including indigenous
knowledge systems in environmental assessments: re-
structuring the process. Global Environmental Politics
19(3), Aug. 2019 : 120-132.
Indigenous peoples around the world are concerned about the long-term
impacts of industrial activities and natural resource extraction projects on
their traditional territories. Environmental impact studies, en vironmental
risk assessments (EAs), and risk management protocols are offered as
tools that can address some of these concerns. However, these tools are
not universally required in jurisdictions, and this Forum intervention
considers whether these technical tools might be reshaped to integrate
Indigenous communities’ interests, with specific attention to traditional
knowledge. Challenges include unrealistic timelines to evaluate pro-
posed projects, community capacity, inadequate understanding of Indig-
enous communities, and ineffective communication, all of which contrib-
ute to pervasive distrust in EAs by many Indigenous communities. [R,
abr.]
70.1633 ASKENAZY, Philippe ; BACH, Francis IA et emploi: une
menace artificielle (AI and employment: an artificial
threat). Pouvoirs 170, 2019 : 33-41.
The recent successes in AI research have fuelled an often-alarming
discourse about the possible obsolescence of human work. While vari-
ous actors find an interest in disseminating such a message, as comput-
er scientists and economists, our analysis is necessarily speculative and
underlines the technological and social limits of artificial intelligence. This
leads us to reverse the problematic: coupled to robots, would AI be
enough to allow western societies closed to immigration to respond to
the challenges of the 21st c. which w ill require a lot of work? [R] [See
Abstr. 70.1862]
70.1634 AUSTIN, Jonathan Luke Towards an international
political ergonomics. European Journal of International Re-
lations 25(4), Dec. 2019 : 979-1006.
This article introduces International Political Ergonomics, a novel re-
search programme focused on achieving political change through the
ergonomic (re)design of world politics. Insights from the practice turn and
behaviouralist IR, as well as from philosophy, sociology and neurosci-
ence, demonstrate that much international behaviour is driven by the
‘unconscious’ or ‘non-reflexive’ re-articulation of repertoires of actions
even where the pathologies of this process are known. This implies that
knowledge-production and -dissemination is often unable to effect influ-
ence over social practices. What is thus required is a non-epistemic
means of producing world political change. International Political Ergo-
nomics describes how small material interventions into world politics can
radically shift individual behaviours by encouraging greater rationality,
reflexivity and deliberation. The article demonstrates it by detailing the
application of International Political Ergonomics to violence-prevention
efforts. [R, abr.]
70.1635 AZIZI, Dona ; BIERMANN , Frank ; KIM, Rakhyun E.
Policy integration for sustainable development through
multilateral environmental agreements: an empirical
analysis, 2007-2016. Global Governance 25(3), Sept. 2019 :
445-475.
Over the past three decades, policy integration has become a key objec-
tive for guiding and harmonizing policies for sustainable development.
Most recently, the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals have added
new impetus to efforts of integrating competing objectives of environ-
mental sustainability, social development, and economic growth, as well
as of integrating issue-specific environmental policies on climate change
and terrestrial and marine biodiversity. Covering the years from 2007 to
2016, this article presents an empirical analysis of sustainability policy
integration (i.e., how multilateral environmental agreements integrate
environmental, social, and economic issues in their decisions)
and environmental policy integration (i.e., the outreach of m ultilateral
environmental agreements to different environmental issue areas beyond
their mandate). [R, abr.]
70.1636 BAKER, Erin D. ; KHATAMI, Seyedeh Nazanin The
levelized cost of carbon: a practical, if imperfect, method
to compare CO2 abatement projects. Climate Policy 19(9),
Oct. 2019 : 1132-1143.
Calculating the cost effectiveness of projects and policies with respect to
reducing carbon emissions provides a simple way for local government
agencies to consider the climate impacts of their actions. Yet, defining a
metric for cost-effectiveness in relation to climate change is not straight-
forward for several reasons. In this paper, we focus primarily on dynam-
ics, reflecting the time value of money and how the benefits of reducing
carbon emissions may change over time. We define a cost-effectiveness
metric called Levelized Cost of Carbon (LCC) that carefully accounts for
these dynamics. We also investigate the theoretical and practical impli-
Science politique : méthodes et théories
163
cations and limitations of using a cost-effectiveness metric as an ap-
proach to rank projects. [R, abr.]
70.1637 BALDWIN, Kate ; HOLZINGER, Katharina Traditional
political institutions and democracy: reassessing their
compatibility and accountability. Comparative Political
Studies 52(12), Oct. 2019 : 1747-1774.
Traditional political institutions are often assumed to be unaccountable
because they are led by undemocratic leaders who are not subject to
electoral sanctioning. However, drawing on new information from the
TradGov Group dataset, an expert survey on the contemporary practices
of more than 1,400 ethnic groups that currently have traditional political
institutions, we show that these institutions contain their own dis tinct
mechanisms of accountability. In a majority of cases, decision-making is
consensual and leaders must account for their actions in various ways.
We challenge the electoral accountability framework for understanding
the quality of traditional leaders’ performance, instead arguing that
traditional political institutions can be compatible with democracy and
even accountable to their citizens insofar as they adopt inclusive deci-
sion-making processes and their leaders have strong nonelectoral
connections to the communities they represent. [R, abr.] [First article of a
thematic issue on "Traditional political institutions", edited by the authors.
See also Abstr. 70.2072, 2207, 2280, 2310, 2407]
70.1638 BARRY, Nicholas ; MIRAGLIOTTA, Narelle ; NWOKORA,
Zim The dynamics of constitutional conventions in
Westminster democracies. Parliamentary Affairs 72(3), July
2019 : 664-683.
Constitutional conventions are fundamental to the operation of Westmin-
ster democracies. However, despite their political significance, there
have been few attempts to analyze and theorize their internal dynamics.
This article addresses this gap by identifying the triggers of constitutional
‘softening’, when the opportunity for convention change emerges; and
examining how such mom ents interact with the particular properties of a
convention to determine its change trajectory. We argue that the change
trajectories of constitutional conventions are not entirely unpredictable
but can be traced to particular kinds of change events and the particular
set of features inherent to that convention. [R]
70.1639 BEARDSWORTH, Richard ; BEHR, Hartmut ; LUKE, Timothy
W. The nuclear condition in the twenty-first century:
techno-political aspects in historical and contemporary
perspectives. Journal of International Political Theory 15(3),
Oct. 2019 : 270-278.
This Introduction presents the seven closely interlinked papers that
explore the theme of this Special Issue: the nuclear condition in the 21st
c. The Special Issue builds upon the first, more theoretical Special Issue,
which brought Classical Realist and Critical Theory texts into dialogue.
The major concern in the first Special Issue the focus on modernity,
crises, and humanity is taken up here in more grounded practical
terms, framed around the existential fears of nuclear annihilation. Each
of the contributions re-assesses the contemporary nuclear condition from
within the theoretical frameworks provided by Classical Realism and
Critical Theory. The engagement with both traditions allows the contribu-
tors to diagnose what is new, and what remains constant, in the contem-
porary nuclear condition. [R, abr.] [First article of a thematic issue on
"The nuclear condition". See also Abstr. 70.1684, 1776, 1820, 1838,
1889, 1940, 2356]
70.1640 BEAUMONT, Thomas E. Queering the war dead: gold
star families and the politics of estrangement. Social
Identities 25(5), Sept. 2019 : 627-643.
Contemporary practices of mourning individuals lost to war violence
assert correct and incorrect practices of grieving. Successful practices
will emphasize the heroism and the sacrifice of the war dead, centralizing
the role of American values in the act of dying for one’s country. To not
honor the war dead successfully is seen as a betrayal of their sacrifice
and an ethical failure. Through a critical reading of Gold Star Families
and the identity politics surrounding acts of mourning, I argue that the
social norms acting as guideposts for processes of mourning over-
determine relationships and identities in ways that perpetuate a violence
that is seen as redemptive. Working towards alternatives to these prac-
tices, I argue that a queer relationality can disrupt the idealized construc-
tions of redemptive violence constitutive to notions of successful mourn-
ing. [R, abr.]
70.1641 BECHTEL, Michael M. ; GENOVESE, Federica ; SCHEVE,
Kenneth F. Interests, norms and support for the provi-
sion of global public goods: the case of climate co-
operation. British Journal of Political Science 49(4), Oct.
2019 : 1333-1355.
Mitigating climate change requires countries to provide a global public
good. This means that the domestic cleavages underlying mass attitudes
toward international climate policy are a central determinant o f its provi-
sion. We argue that the industry-specific costs of emission abatement
and internalized social norms help explain support for climate policy. To
evaluate our predictions we develop novel measures of industry-specific
interests by cross-referencing individuals’ sectors of employment and
objective industry-level pollution data and employing quasi-behavioral
measures of social norms in combination with both correlational and
conjoint-experimental data. We find that individuals working in pollutive
industries are 7 percentage points less likely to support climate co-
operation than individuals employed in cleaner sectors. [R, abr.]
70.1642 BEHR, Hartmut Towards a political concept of reversi-
bility in international relations: bridging political philoso-
phy and policy studies. European Journal of International
Relations 25(4), Dec. 2019 : 1212-1235.
In order to discuss how to act under conditions of contingency and
negation, this article, first triangulates both with Aristotelian noesis. Such
triangulation suggests that the consequences of political action always
have inadvertent consequences due to the contingent and historically
and intellectually negated and refutable (even self-refutable) character of
politics. Responsible political action must hence act only in such a way
that its consequences are reversible. [Then], policy theory is critically
reviewed in light of reversibility and its underlying philosophical princi-
ples, trying to bridge political philosophy and policy studies for a mutually
enriched analysis of politics. These discussions contribute to develop a
concept of reversibility as a practical response to the philosophical
notions of contingency and negation; and, second, to encourage the
synergy of scholarly expertise for the mana gement of contemporary
international and global problems. [R, abr.]
70.1643 BEHRINGER, Jan ; VAN TREECK, Till Income distribu-
tion and growth models: a sectoral balances approach.
Politics and Society 47(3), Sept. 2019 : 303-332.
This article revisits the macroeconomic foundations and political econo-
my of national growth models. It argues that the neo-Kaleckian model,
which inspired the emergent growth model perspective and focuses
primarily on the functional income distribution, can be usefully comple-
mented by theories of private household consumption that focus on the
personal distribution of income. The examples of the export-led and
debt-led growth models of Germany and the US, respectively, show how
institutional differences help to explain why different countries developed
different patterns of income distribution and how income distribution and
institutions interacted to generate financial imbalances in different sec-
tors of the economy (i.e., the private household sector, the private corpo-
rate sector, and the government sector). [R]
70.1644 BELL, Laura N. Terrorist assassination and institution-
al change in repressive regimes. Terrorism and Political
Violence 31(4), July-Aug. 2019 : 853-875.
Missing from the political violence literature is an in-depth and systematic
examination of the effects of terrorist assassination on state political
institutions in repressive regimes. By broadening the scope and depth of
empirical research into terrorist assassinations, the potential exists to
enhance our understanding of the outcomes of assassination by terrorist
actors as well as our overall understanding of political violence in repres-
sive regimes. Utilizing survival analysis and data from the Global Terror-
ism Database, the Polity IV Project, and the Political Terror Scale, this
project focuses on the post-terrorist assassination institutional outcomes
in repressive regimes. While the effects are long-term, the most repres-
sive regimes are the most likely to experience political institutional shifts
in the wake of terrorist assassinations. [R, abr.]
70.1645 BEST, Jacqueline The inflation game: targets, practices
and the social production of monetary credibility. New
Political Economy 24(5), Oct. 2019 : 623-640.
In recent years, central banks have continued to preach inflation target-
ing even as they have pursued a wide range of unorthodox inflation-
management policies. As the disconnect between discourse and practice
grows, there is a growing risk of a serious credibility gap. This article
seeks to shed some light on these dilemmas by looking backwards,
focusing on the ‘Great Inflation’ in Britain in the 1970s and early 1980s
and the successive failures of Labour’s incomes policy and the Con-
servatives’ monetarist experiment. These historical experiences suggest
that for inflation policy to work it needs to be both understood as and
made credible which means that key actors need to not only learn that
this is how the inflation game works, but also put into place a whole
range of supporting practices that reflect and reproduce this conviction.
[R, abr.]

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT