Keatings v Advocate General for Scotland

JurisdictionScotland
CourtCourt of Session (Inner House)
JudgeLady Carmichael
Judgment Date30 April 2021
Neutral Citation[2021] CSIH 25
Docket NumberNo 20

[2021] CSIH 25

First Division

Lady Carmichael

No 20
Keatings
and
Advocate General for Scotland
Cases referred to:

AXA General Insurance Co Ltd v Lord Advocate sub nom AXA General Insurance Ltd, Petrs; AXA General Insurance Ltd and ors v HM Advocate and ors[2011] UKSC 46; 2012 SC (UKSC) 122; 2011 SLT 1061; [2011] 3 WLR 871; [2012] HRLR 3; [2011] UKHRR 1221; 122 BMLR 149; 108 (41) LSG 22; The Times, 19 October 2011

Benkharbouche v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs [2017] UKSC 62; [2019] 1 AC 777; [2017] 3 WLR 957; [2018] 1 All ER 662; [2017] ICR 1327; [2018] IRLR 123; [2017] HRLR 15; 43 BHRC 378; The Times, 31 October 2017

Brown v Hamilton District Council 1983 SC (HL) 1; 1983 SLT 397

Cherry and ors v Advocate General for Scotland sub nom R (on the application of Miller) v Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41; 2020 SC (UKSC) 1; 2019 SLT 1143; 2019 SCLR 1028; [2020] AC 373; [2019] 3 WLR 589; [2019] 4 All ER 299; The Times, 14 October 2019 and [2019] CSIH 49; 2020 SC 37; 2019 SLT 1097; 2019 SCLR 986; The Times, 15 September 2019

Christian Institute v Lord Advocate [2016] UKSC 51; 2017 SC (UKSC) 29; 2016 SLT 805; 2016 SCLR 448; [2016] HRLR 19; [2016] ELR 474; 19 CCL Rep 422; The Times, 26 September 2016

Clark v Greater Glasgow Health Board [2017] CSIH 17; 2017 SC 297; 2017 GWD 7-96

Colonial Sugar Refining Co Ltd v Melbourne Harbour Trust Commissioners [1927] AC 343

Deutsche Morgan Grenfell Group plc v Inland Revenue Commissioners [2006] UKHL 49; [2007] 1 AC 558; [2006] 3 WLR 781; [2007] 1 All ER 449; [2007] STC 1; [2007] 1 CMLR 14; [2007] Eu LR 226; 78 TC 120; [2006] BTC 781; 9 ITL Rep 201; [2006] STI 2386

Gibson v Scottish Ministers [2016] CSIH 10; 2016 SC 454; 2016 SLT 319; 2016 SCLR 718

Imperial Tobacco Ltd v Lord Advocate sub nom Imperial Tobacco Ltd, Petr [2012] UKSC 61; 2013 SC (UKSC) 153; 2013 SLT 2; 2013 SCLR 121; [2013] LLR 6; The Times, 21 January 2013

John Muir Trust v Scottish Ministers [2016] CSIH 61; 2017 SC 207; 2016 GWD 24-453

Johnson v Unisys Ltd [2001] UKHL 13; [2003] 1 AC 518; [2001] 2 WLR 1076; [2001] 2 All ER 801; [2001] ICR 480; [2001] IRLR 279; [2001] Emp LR 469

MIAB v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] CSIH 64; 2016 SC 871; 2016 SLT 1220; 2017 SCLR 557

MacCormick v Lord Advocate 1953 SC 396; 1953 SLT 255

McCue v Scottish Daily Record and Sunday Mail Ltd (No 1) 1998 SC 811; 1998 SLT 983; 1998 SCLR 397

Macnaughton v Macnaughton's Trs 1953 SC 387; 1953 SLT 240

Martin v Most sub nom Martin v HM Advocate [2010] UKSC 10; 2010 SC (UKSC) 40; 2010 SLT 412; 2010 SCCR 401; 2010 SCL 476; The Times, 9 March 2010

Maugham, Petr [2019] CSOH 80; 2019 SLT 1313

Moohan v Lord Advocate [2014] UKSC 67; 2015 SC (UKSC) 1; 2015 SLT 2; [2015] AC 901; [2015] 2 WLR 141; [2015] 2 All ER 361

Newton Mearns Residents Flood Prevention Group for Cheviot Drive v East Renfrewshire Council [2013] CSIH 70; 2013 GWD 26-525

Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart [1993] AC 593; [1992] 3 WLR 1032; [1993] 1 All ER 42; [1992] STC 898; [1993] ICR 291; [1993] IRLR 33; [1993] RVR 127; 143 NLJ 17; [1992] NPC 154; The Times, 30 November 1992; The Independent, 26 November 1992

Prior v Scottish Ministers [2020] CSIH 36; 2020 SC 528; 2020 SLT 762

Prospect Healthcare (Hairmyres) Ltd v Kier Build Ltd (No 1) [2017] CSIH 70; 2018 SC 155; 2018 SLT 47

RM v Scottish Ministers [2012] UKSC 58; 2013 SC (UKSC) 139; 2013 SLT 57; 2013 SCLR 98; [2012] 1 WLR 3386; [2013] MHLR 412

R v Chancellor (Lord), ex p Lightfoot [2000] QB 597; [2000] 2 WLR 318; [1999] 4 All ER 583; [2000] BCC 537; [2000] HRLR 33; [2000] BPIR 120

R v Rowe, ex p Mainwaring [1992] 1 WLR 1059; [1992] 4 All ER 821; 90 LGR 341; [1992] COD 367

R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Salem [1999] 1 AC 450; [1999] 2 WLR 483; [1999] 2 All ER 42; 11 Admin LR 194; [1999] COD 486; The Times, 12 February 1999

R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex p Simms [2000] 2 AC 115; [1999] 3 WLR 328; [1999] 3 All ER 400; [1999] EMLR 689; 7 BHRC 411; 11 Admin LR 961; [1999] Prison LR 82; [1999] COD 520; 2 CHRLD 359; The Times, 9 July 1999

R v Treasury (HM), ex p Smedley [1984] EWCA Civ 7; [1985] QB 657; [1985] 2 WLR 576; [1985] 1 All ER 589; [1985] 1 CMLR 665; [1985] FLR 180

R (on the application of Cart) v Upper Tribunal [2011] UKSC 28; [2012] 1 AC 663; [2011] 3 WLR 107; [2011] 4 All ER 127; [2011] PTSR 1053; [2011] STC 1659; [2012] 1 FLR 997; [2011] Imm AR 704; [2011] MHLR 196; [2012] Fam Law 398; [2011] STI 1943; [2012] Fam Law 398; [2011] STI 1943; 161 NLJ 916; 155 (25) SJLB 35; The Times, 23 June 2011

R (on the application of Child Poverty Action Group) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2010] UKSC 54; [2011] 2 AC 15; [2011] 2 WLR 1; [2011] 1 All ER 729; [2011] PTSR 185

R (on the application of Corner House Research) v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [2005] EWCA Civ 192; [2005] 1 WLR 2600; [2005] 4 All ER 1; [2005] CP Rep 28; [2005] 3 Costs LR 455; [2005] ACD 100; The Times, 7 March 2005

R (on the application of Jackson) v Attorney-General [2005] UKHL 56; [2006] 1 AC 262; [2005] 3 WLR 733; [2005] 4 All ER 1253; 155 NLJ 1600; [2005] NPC 116; The Times, 14 October 2005; The Independent, 20 October 2005

R (on the application of Morgan Grenfell & Co Ltd) v Special Commissioners of Income Tax [2002] UKHL 21; [2003] 1 AC 563; [2002] 2 WLR 1299; [2002] 3 All ER 1; [2002] STC 786; [2002] HRLR 42; 74 TC 511; [2002] BTC 223; 4 ITL Rep 809; [2002] STI 806; 99 (25) LSG 35; 146 SJLB 126; [2002] NPC 70; The Independent, 21 May 2002; The Times, 20 May 2002

R (on the application of Privacy International) v Investigatory Powers Tribunal [2019] UKSC 22; [2020] AC 491; [2019] 2 WLR 1219; [2019] 4 All ER 1; [2019] HRLR 13

R (on the application of Raw) v Lambeth London Borough Council [2010] EWHC 507

R (on the application of UNISON) v Lord Chancellor [2017] UKSC 51; [2020] AC 869; [2017] 3 WLR 409; [2017] 4 All ER 903; [2017] 4 Costs LR 721; [2018] 1 CMLR 35; [2017] ICR 1037; [2017] IRLR 911; [2017] HRLR 11; [2017] CLY 15

R (on the application of Wheeler) v Office of the Prime Minister [2008] EWHC 936; [2008] CMLR 57

R (on the application of Wheeler) v Office of the Prime Minister [2008] EWHC 1409; [2008] ACD 70; 105 (26) LSG 22

Regus (Maxim) Ltd v Bank of Scotland plc [2013] CSIH 12; 2013 SC 331; 2013 SLT 477; 2014 SCLR 33

Telfer v Buccleuch Estates Ltd [2013] CSIH 47; 2013 SLT 899

Turner's Trs v Turner 1943 SC 389; 1944 SLT 37

UK Withdrawal from the European Union (Legal Continuity) (Scotland) Bill [2018] UKSC 64; 2019 SC (UKSC) 13; 2019 SLT 41; 2019 SCLR 500; [2019] AC 1022; [2019] 2 WLR 1; [2019] 2 All ER 1; [2019] BTC 8

Vince v Advocate General for Scotland [2019] CSIH 51; 2020 SC 90; 2019 SLT 1306

Walton v Scottish Ministers [2012] UKSC 44; 2013 SC (UKSC) 67; 2012 SLT 1211; [2013] PTSR 51; [2013] 1 CMLR 28; [2013] Env LR 16; [2013] JPL 323

West v Secretary of State for Scotland 1992 SC 385; 1992 SLT 636; 1992 SCLR 504; The Scotsman, 5 May 1992; The Times, 11 June 1992

Westminster Bank Ltd v Minister of Housing and Local Government [1971] AC 508; [1970] 2 WLR 645; [1970] 1 All ER 734; (1970) 21 P & CR 379

Whaley v Lord Watson of Invergowrie 2000 SC 340; 2000 SLT 475; 2000 SCLR 279; The Times, 21 March 2000

Wightman v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union [2018] CSIH 62; 2019 SC 111; 2018 SLT 959; [2019] 1 CMLR 23; The Times, 12 September 2018

Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2) [2003] UKHL 40; [2004] 1 AC 816; [2003] 3 WLR 568; [2003] 4 All ER 97; [2003] 2 All ER (Comm) 491; [2003] HRLR 33; [2003] UKHRR 1085; 100 (35) LSG 39; 147 SJLB 872; The Times, 11 July 2003; The Independent, 3 November 2003

Textbooks etc referred to:

Blackstone, W, Commentaries on the Laws of England (Clarendon, Oxford, 1765), vol I, p 97

Buchanan, G, De Jure Regni Apud Scotos (1579)

Dicey, AV, Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (8th ed, Macmillan, London, 1931), pp 29, 33

Dicey, AV, Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (10th Wade ed, Macmillan, London, 1959), pp 64, 69, 75 et seq

Gill (Rt Hon Lord), Report of the Scottish Civil Courts Review (B60185) (Scottish Civil Courts Review, Edinburgh, September 2009) (Online: https://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/docs/default-source/civil-courts-reform/report-of-the-scottish-civil-courts-review-vol-1-chapt-1---9.pdf?sfvrsn=4 and https://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/docs/default-source/civil-courts-reform/report-of-the-scottish-civil-courts-review-vol-2-chapt-10---15.pdf?sfvrsn=4 (22 June 2021))

Marsilius of Padua, Defensor Pacis (1324)

President (Lord) (Hamilton), Practice Note (No 3 of 2011): Causes in the Inner House (Court of Session, Edinburgh, 9 August 2011), para 86 (Online: https://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/docs/default-source/rules-and-practice/practice-notes/court-of-session/pn3of2011.pdf?sfvrsn=12 (22 June 2021))

Scottish Government, Protecting Scotland, Renewing Scotland: The Government's Programme for Scotland 2020–2021 (PPDAS753406) (Scottish Government, Edinburgh, September 2020), p 126 (Online: https://www.gov.scot/publications/protecting-scotland-renewing-scotland-governments-programme-scotland-2020-2021/ (14 February 2021))

Scottish Government, Scottish Ministerial Code — A Code of Conduct and Guidance on Procedures for Members of the Scottish Government and Junior Scottish Ministers (PPDAS356946) (Scottish Government, Edinburgh, February 2018) (Online: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-ministerial-code-2018-edition/ (12 July 2021))

Scottish Office, Scotland's Parliament (Cm 3658) (TSO, Edinburgh, July 1997)

Torrance, D, Briefing Paper — Scottish Independence Referendum: Legal issues (CBP 9104) (House of Commons Library, London, 8 March 2021) (Online: https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-9104/CBP-9104.pdf (12 July 2021))

Constitutional law — Scottish Parliament — Legislative competence — Whether Scottish Parliament had power to legislate for holding of referendum on Scottish independence...

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