Knowledge management infrastructures and organizational intelligence in Iranian research centers

Publication Date05 February 2018
Date05 February 2018
AuthorHamid Keshavarz,Mohammad Reza Esmaili Givi,Mohammad Reza Shekari
SubjectLibrary & information science,Librarianship/library management,Library technology,Information behaviour & retrieval,Metadata,Information & knowledge management,Information & communications technology,Internet
Knowledge management
infrastructures and organizational
intelligence in Iranian
research centers
Hamid Keshavarz
Department of Information Science and Knowledge Studies,
Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
Mohammad Reza Esmaili Givi
Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, and
Mohammad Reza Shekari
Public Libraries Association, Ahvaz, Islamic Republic of Iran
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible relationship between knowledge management
infrastructures (KMI) and organizational intelligence (OI) in two country-wide research centers dependent to
Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, namely, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science
and Technology (IRIIST) and Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies (IHCS).
Design/methodology/approach The research is a survey in a descriptive manner. Using two validated
questionnaires related to KMI and OI, the research was conducted among 175 faculty members and staffs of
the two research centers. Using structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures, collected data were then
analyzed by software SPSS and partial least squares.
Findings Factor analysis showed a high factor loading related to the two main variables and all of the
items indicated goodness of fit (GoF) related to the questions. The variance-mean ratio between two variables
was higher than 0.5 indicating a high convergent validity. R
for OI showed fitness of SEM. The GoF for
IRIIST was 0.642 lower than IHCS with 0.645. Also, path analysis indicated a significant relationship between
two variables by 95 percent degree of confidence accepting the two research hypothesis.
Originality/value By comparison, KMI was more correlated with OI in IHCS than IRIIST. KMI in IRIIST
predicted OI by 0.826 percent while in the IHCS by 0.848 percent.
Keywords Knowledge management, Organizational intelligence, Comparative evaluation,
Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology,
Knowledge management infrastructures
Paper type Research paper
1. Introduction
As an old belief, knowledge is powercould be replaced by sharing knowledge is powerin
the current information societies in which knowledge-based decisions and activities are of
utmost importance (Davenport and Prusak, 1998; Ahmad, 2014; De Angelis, 2016) and
organizations are becoming more knowledge intensive (Wong, 2005). As a result, knowledge
can now be viewed as a strategic asset for organizations in comparison with tangible elements.
In such a subtle state, knowledge management is an attempt to manage knowledge
(skills, merits, and insight) of employees and managers which is internal and external as well
(Trisnanty and Handayani, 2013; Patil and Kant, 2014). Knowledge management has emer ged
as an approach to incorporate emerging requirements of the modern organizations (Gold et al.,
2001; Chang and Chuang, 2011; Williams, 2015) in which ever-changing capabilities and
competitive intelligence are of pressing concerns.
Knowledge management efforts typically focus on organizational objectives, such as
improved performance, competitive advantage, innovation, the sharing of lessons learned,
Data Technologies and
Vol. 52 No. 1, 2018
pp. 2-15
© Emerald PublishingLimited
DOI 10.1108/DTA-12-2016-0080
Received 7 December 2016
Revised 3 July 2017
Accepted 7 July 2017
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