Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1845 c. 18
Anno Regni VICTORI, Britanniarum Regin,Octavo & Nono. An Act for consolidating in One Act certain Provisions usually inserted in Acts authorizing the taking of Lands for Undertakings of a public Nature.

(8 & 9 Vict.) C A P. XVIII.

[8th May 1845]

'WHEREAS it is expedient to comprise in One general Act, sundry Provisions usually introduced into Acts of Parliament relative to the Acquisition of Lands required for Undertakings or Works of a public Nature, and to the Compensation to be made for the same, and that as well for the Purpose of avoiding the Necessity of repeating such Provisions in each of the several Acts relating to such Undertakings as for ensuring greater Uniformity in the Provisions themselves:' May it therefore please Your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authorityof the same, That this Act shall apply to every Undertaking authorized by any Act which shall hereafter be passed, and which shall authorize the Purchase or taking of Lands for such Undertaking, and this Act shall be incorporated with such Act; and all the Clauses and Provisions of this Act, save so far as they shall be expressly varied or excepted by any such Act, shall apply to the Undertaking authorized thereby, so far as the same shall be applicable to such Undertaking, and shall, as well as the Clauses and Provisions of every other Act which shall be incorporated with such Act, form Part of such Act, and be construed together therewith as forming One Act.

And with respect to the Construction of this Act and of Acts to be incorporated therewith, be it enacted as follows:

S-II ‘special Act:’

II ‘special Act:’

II. The Expression ‘the special Act,’ used in this Act, shall be construed to mean any Act which shall be hereafter passed which shall authorize the taking of Lands for the Undertaking to which the same relates, and with which this Act shall be so incorporated as aforesaid; and the Word ‘prescribed,’used in this Act in reference to any Matter herein stated, shall be construed to refer to such Matter as the same shall be prescribed or provided for in the special Act, and the Sentence in which such Word shall occur shall be construed as if, instead of the Word ‘prescribed,’ the Expression ‘prescribed for that Purpose in the special Act’ had been used; and the Expression ‘the Works’or ‘the Undertaking’ shall mean the Works or Undertaking, of whatever Nature, which shall by the special Act be authorized to be executed; and the Expression ‘the Promoters of the Undertaking’shall mean the Parties, whether Company, Undertakers, Commissioners, Trustees, Corporations, or private Persons, by the special Act empowered to execute such Works or Undertaking.

S-III Interpretations in this and the special Act:

III Interpretations in this and the special Act:

III. The following Words and Expressions, both in this and the special Act, shall have the several Meanings hereby assigned to them, unless there be something either in the Subject or Context repugnant to such Construction; (that is to say,)

Words importing the Singular Number only shall include the Plural Number, and Words importing the Plural Number only shall include the Singular Number:

Words importing the Masculine Gender only shall include Females:

The Word ‘Lands’ shall extend to Messages, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments of any Tenure:

The Word ‘Lease’ shall include an Agreement for a Lease:

The Word ‘Month’ shall mean Calendar Month:

The Expression ‘Superior Courts’ shall mean Her Majesty's Superior Courts of Record atWestminster or Dublin , as the Case may require:

The Word ‘Oath’ shall include Affirmation in the Case of Quakers, or other Declaration lawfully substituted for an Oath in the Case of any other Persons exempted by Law from the Necessity of taking an Oath:

The Word ‘County’ shall include any Riding or other like Division of a County, and shall also include County of a City or County of a Town:

The Word ‘Sheriff’ shall include Under Sheriff, or other legally competent Deputy; and where any Matter in relation to any Lands is required to be done by any Sheriff, or by any Clerk of the Peace, the Expression ‘the Sheriff,’ or the Expression ‘the Clerk of the Peace,’shall in such Case be construed to mean the Sheriff or the Clerk of the Peace of the County, City, Borough, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place where such Lands shall be situate; and if the Lands in question, being the Property of one and the same Party, be situate not wholly in one County, City, Borough, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place, the same Expression shall be construed to mean the Sheriff or Clerk of the Peace of any County, City, Borough, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place where any Part of such Lands shall be situate:

The Word ‘Justices’ shall mean Justices of the Peace acting for the County, City, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place where the Matter requiring the Cognizance of any such Justice shall arise, and who shall not be interested in the Matter; and where such Matter shall arise in respect of Lands being the Property, of one of the same Party, situate not wholly in any one County, City, Borough, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place, the same shall mean a Justice acting for the County, City, Borough, Liberty, Cinque Port, or Place where any Part of such Lands shall be situate, and who shall not be interested in such Matter; and where any Matter shall be authorized or required to be done by TwoJustices, the Expression ‘Two Justices’ shall be understood to mean Two Justices assembled and acting together:

Where under the Provisions of this or the special Act, or any Act incorporate therewith, any Notice shall be required to be given to the Owner of any Lands, or where any Act shall be authorized or required to be done with the Consent of any such Owner, the Word ‘Owner’ shall be understood to mean any Person or Corporation who, under the Provisions of this or the special Act, would be enabled to sell and convey Lands to the Promoters of the Undertaking:

The Expression ‘the Bank’ shall mean the Bank ofEngland where the same shall relate to Monies to be paid or deposited in respect of Lands situate in England , and shall mean the Bank of Ireland where the same shall relate to Monies to be paid or deposited in respect of Lands situate in Ireland.

S-IV Short Title of the Act.

IV Short Title of the Act.

IV. And be it enacted, That in citing this Act in other Acts of Parliament, and in legal Instruments, it shall be sufficient to use the Expression ‘TheLands Clauses Consolidation Act, 1845.’

S-V Form in which Portions of this Act may be incorporated with other Acts.

V Form in which Portions of this Act may be incorporated with other Acts.

V. 'And whereas it may be convenient in some Cases to incorporate with Acts of Parliament hereafter to be passed some Portion only of the Provisions of this Act;' be it therefore enacted, That, for the Purpose of making any such Incorporation, it shall be sufficient in any such Act to enact that the Clauses of this Act with respect to the Matter so proposed to be incorporated (describing such Matter as it is described in this Act in the Words introductory to the Enactment with respect to such Matter) shall be incorporated with such Act, and thereupon all the Clauses and Provisions of this Act with respect to the Matter so incorporated shall, save so far as they shall be expressly varied or excepted by such Act, form Part of such Act, and such Act shall be construed as if the Substance of such Clauses and Provisions were set forth therein with reference to the Matter to which such Act shall relate.

S-VI Power to purchase Lands by Agreement.

VI Power to purchase Lands by Agreement.

And with respect to the Purchase of Lands by Agreement, be it enacted as follows:

VI. Subject to the Provisions of this and the special Act, it shall be lawful for the Promoters of the Undertaking to agree with the Owners of any Lands by the special Act authorized to be taken, and which shall be required for the Purposes of such Act, and with all Parties having any Estate or Interest in such Lands, or by this or the special Act enabled to sell and convey the same, for the absolute Purchase, for a Consideration in Money, of any such Lands, or such Parts thereof as they shall think proper, and of all Estates and Interests in such Lands of what Kind soever.

S-VII Parties under Disability enabled to sell and convey.

VII Parties under Disability enabled to sell and convey.

VII. It shall be lawful for all Parties, being seised, possessed of, or entitled to any such Lands, or any Estate or Interest therein, to sell and convey or release the same to the Promoters of the Undertaking, and to enter into all necessary Agreements for that Purpose; and particularly it shall be lawful for all or any of the following Parties so seised, possessed, or entitled as aforesaid so to sell, convey, or release; (that is to say,) all Corporations, Tenants in Tail or for Life, married Women seised in their own Right or entitled to Dower, Guardians, Committees of Lunatics and Idiots, Trustees or Feoffees in trust for charitable or other Purposes, Executors and Administrators, and all Parties for the Time being entitled to the Receipt of the Rents and Profits of any such Lands in possession, or subject to any Estate in Dower, or to any Lease for Life, or for Lives and Years, or for Years, or any less Interest; and the Power so to sell and convey or release as aforesaid may lawfully be exercised by all such Parties, other than...

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