National Health Service Reform and Health Care Professions Act 2002

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation2002 c. 17


National Health Service Reform andHealth Care Professions Act 2002

2002 Chapter 17

An Act to amend the law about the national health service; to establish and make provision in connection with a Commission for Patient and Public Involvement in Health; to make provision in relation to arrangements for joint working between NHS bodies and the prison service, and between NHS bodies and local authorities in Wales; to make provision in connection with the regulation of health care professions; and for connected purposes.

[25th June 2002]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1 National Health Service, etc

Part 1

National Health Service, etc

NHS bodies and their functions: England

NHS bodies and their functions: England

S-1 English Health Authorities: change of name

1 English Health Authorities: change of name

(1) On and after the date on which this section comes into force, Health Authorities for areas in England are to be known instead as Strategic Health Authorities.

(2) Accordingly, for section 8 of the National Health Service Act 1977 (c. 49) (in this Act referred to as ‘the 1977 Act’) (establishment and abolition of Health Authorities) there is substituted—

S-8 Health Authorities and Strategic Health Authorities

8 Health Authorities and Strategic Health Authorities

‘8 Health Authorities and Strategic Health Authorities

(1) It is the duty of the Secretary of State to establish, in accordance with Part 1 of Schedule 5 to this Act, authorities to be called—

(a) Strategic Health Authorities, in the case of authorities established for areas in England;

(b) Health Authorities, in the case of authorities established for areas in Wales.

(2) Subject to subsection (4) below—

(a) a Strategic Health Authority shall be established for such area of England as is specified in the order establishing the authority; and

(b) a Health Authority shall be established for such area of Wales as is so specified, or, if the order so provides, for the whole of Wales.

(3) A Strategic Health Authority or a Health Authority shall be known by such name, in addition to the title ‘Strategic Health Authority’ or ‘Health Authority’, as—

(a) appears to the Secretary of State appropriately to signify the connection of the authority with the area for which they are established; and

(b) is specified in the order establishing the authority.

(4) The Secretary of State may by order—

(a) vary the area of a Strategic Health Authority or Health Authority;

(b) abolish a Strategic Health Authority or Health Authority;

(c) establish a new Strategic Health Authority or Health Authority;

(d) change the name by which a Strategic Health Authority or Health Authority are known.

(5) No order shall be made under this section relating to a Strategic Health Authority until after the completion of such consultation as may be prescribed.

(6) Consultation requirements contained in regulations under subsection (5) are in addition to, and not in substitution for, any other consultation requirements which may apply.

(7) The Secretary of State shall act under this section so as to ensure—

(a) that the areas for which Strategic Health Authorities are at any time established together comprise the whole of England;

(b) that the areas for which Health Authorities are at any time established together comprise the whole of Wales; and

(c) that no area for which a Strategic Health Authority or a Health Authority are established extends both into England and into Wales.

(8) The power to make incidental or supplemental provision conferred by section 126(4) below includes, in particular, in its application to orders made under this section, power to make provision for the transfer of staff, property, rights and liabilities.’

(3) Schedule 1 (which contains amendments consequential upon this section) is to have effect.

S-2 Primary Care Trusts

2 Primary Care Trusts

(1) Section 16A of the 1977 Act (which provides for the establishment of Primary Care Trusts) is amended as provided in subsections (2) and (3).

(2) For subsection (1) there is substituted—

(1) It is the duty of the Secretary of State to establish bodies to be known as Primary Care Trusts for areas in England with a view to their exercising functions in relation to the health service.

(1A) The Secretary of State shall act under this section so as to ensure that the areas for which Primary Care Trusts are at any time established together comprise the whole of England.’

(3) In subsection (3), after ‘the area’ there is inserted ‘of England’.

(4) Schedule 5A to the 1977 Act (which makes further provision about Primary Care Trusts) is amended as follows—

(a) in paragraph 2(3)—

(i) for ‘the Health Authority in whose area a Primary Care Trust is established to meet the costs’ there is substituted ‘a Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the area of a Primary Care Trust to meet costs’, and

(ii) in paragraph (b), after ‘meet’ there is inserted ‘(or to contribute towards its meeting)’,

(b) in paragraph 2(4), for ‘the Health Authority in whose area a Primary Care Trust is established’ there is substituted ‘a Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the area of a Primary Care Trust’,

(c) in paragraph 16(1), for ‘the Health Authority within whose area the trust's area falls’ there is substituted ‘each Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the trust's area’, and

(d) in paragraph 16(3), for ‘the Health Authority within whose area the trust's area falls’ there is substituted ‘any Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the trust's area’.

(5) Schedule 2 (which contains amendments of the 1977 Act and of other enactments to reallocate functions of Health Authorities to Primary Care Trusts and to make certain connected amendments) is to have effect.

S-3 Directions: distribution of functions

3 Directions: distribution of functions

(1) The 1977 Act is amended as follows.

(2) In section 16D (Secretary of State's directions: distribution of functions), in subsection (1), after ‘Special Health Authority’ there is inserted ‘or a Primary Care Trust’.

(3) For section 17A (Health Authority's directions: distribution of functions) there is substituted—

S-17A

17A

‘17A Strategic Health Authority's directions: distribution of functions

(1) A Strategic Health Authority may, in relation to any specified functions of theirs, direct a Primary Care Trust any part of whose area falls within their area to exercise those functions.

(2) But a Strategic Health Authority may not so direct a Primary Care Trust in relation to any functions of the Strategic Health Authority arising under section 28C arrangements if the Primary Care Trust is providing any services in accordance with those arrangements.

(3) The Secretary of State may direct Strategic Health Authorities that specified functions of theirs—

(a) are to be exercisable, or exercisable to (or only to) any specified extent, by Primary Care Trusts; or

(b) are not to be exercisable by Primary Care Trusts,

and that the power in subsection (1) above is to be exercised accordingly.

(4) Directions under subsection (3)(a) above may include directions that any of the specified functions are to be exercised (or exercised to or only to any specified extent) jointly with the Strategic Health Authority, or jointly by one or more Primary Care Trusts; but such directions may be given only if regulations providing for the joint exercise of those functions have been made under section 16 or 16B above.

(5) In this section, ‘specified’ means specified in the directions.’

(4) In section 17B (Health Authority's directions: exercise of functions), in subsection (1), the words from ‘which’ to the end are omitted.

(5) In section 18 (directions and regulations under preceding provisions), in subsection (1A)—

(a) ‘or’ is inserted after paragraph (a),

(b) paragraph (b) is omitted, and

(c) in paragraph (c), for ‘16D, 17 or 17A’ there is substituted ‘16D or 17’.

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