Preliminary insights on green criminology in Malaysia

Published date31 July 2021
Date31 July 2021
Subject MatterAccounting & finance,Financial risk/company failure,Financial crime
AuthorRedvin Bilu,Faizah Darus,Haslinda Yusoff,Intan Salwani Mohamed
Preliminary insights on green
criminology in Malaysia
Redvin Bilu
Royal Malaysian Customs Department, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
Faizah Darus
Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Malaysia
Haslinda Yusoff
Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia, and
Intan Salwani Mohamed
Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA,
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of environmental offences committed in
Malaysiacharged under the Environmental Quality Act 1974 (EQA1974).
Design/methodology/approach This study used secondary data of the environmental court cases
report by the Department of Environment (DOE) Malaysia from 2008 until 2016 to examine the nature of
environmentaloffences based on the Treadmill of Production(ToP) approach.
Findings In comparison with the GDP growth (Department of Statistic Malaysia, 2016), the f‌indings
support ToP argument that as far as the treadmill accelerates, the more would be the environmental crime
committed. However, all offences charged were weighted more on the ecological additions rather than
ecological withdrawn. The trend analysis showed a decreasing trend for all types of offences committed,
ref‌lecting that Malaysias regulatory authorities are committed to f‌ighting against environmental crime
perpetrators.Therefore, all parties must be made to internalisethe values of conducting business sustainably.
Originality/value This paper is the f‌irst that examines the environmental offences committed in
Malaysia using the ToP approachto analyse the nature of the crime committed in Malaysiaassociated with
the growing literatureof Green Criminology.
Keywords Environmental crime, Department of Environment Malaysia, Green criminology,
Treadmill of production
Paper type Research paper
On 1 January 2016, the United Nation (2016) has declared Sustainable Development Goals
(SDGs) of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development as key priorities to protect the
worlds sustainability.Indeed, it is a call for imperative resilient for the people and planet in
future by harmonising the interconnection of three core elements, namely,economic growth,
social inclusion and environmental protection, to ensure that future generation can meet
their own needs while fulf‌illing the need of present generation (WCED, 1987). Awareness
towards environmental resilienceis part of the SDGs and is one of the critical elements that
grew interest among academics, professionals, non-government organisations and
This study is supported by Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Journalof Financial Crime
Vol.29 No. 3, 2022
pp. 1078-1090
© Emerald Publishing Limited
DOI 10.1108/JFC-06-2021-0122
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