Preston and Wigan Railway Act 1831

Publication Date:January 01, 1831
Preston and Wigan Railway Act 1831

(1 Will. 4) c. lvi

An Act for making and maintaining a Railway from the Borough of Wigan to the Borough of Preston both in the County Palatine of Lancaster, and collateral Branches to communicate therewith.

[22d April 1831]

ANNO PRIMO GULIELMI IV REGIS. Cap. lvi. An Act for making and maintaining a Railway from the Borough of Wigan to the Borough of Preston, both in the County Palatine of Lancaster, and collateral Branches to communicate therewith. [22d April 1831.] W HEREAS the making and maintaining a Railway, together with the several Branches therefrom hereinafter mentioned, with proper Warehouses, Wharfs, Landing Places, Tunnels, Bridges, Works, and Conveniences adjoining thereto and connected therewith, for the Passage of Waggons and other Carriages properly constructed from or near the Borough of Preston in the County Palatine of Lancaster^ in and through the several Parishes or Places hereinafter mentioned, and communicating with the Wigan Branch Railway at or near to the Borough of Wigan in the same County, will be a Work of great Public Utility and Advantage, by opening a short, convenient, and expeditious Communication for the Conveyance of Passengers, Goods, Wares, and Merchandize between the said Borough of Wigan and the said Borough of Preston, also by completing the Communication by means of Railway between the Towns of Liverpool, Manchester, and Warrington, and the said Borough of Preston, and by affording a cheap Supply of Coal to the Town of Preston: And whereas the several Persons hereinafter named are willing and desirous to make, establish, and maintain such Railway and Branches as aforesaid at their own proper Costs and [Local.'] 10 G Charges j Proprietors incorporated. 1GULIELMI IV. CapM. Charges,; but the same cannot be effected without the Aid and Authority of Parii#ment: May it therefore please Your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Ten^ra!, and Commons, in this piiesent Parliament assembled, and By the Authority of the same, *£hat Sir Thomas Datr'ymple He^lceth 'JBaronet, Samuel Horrocks, William Marshall, Charles Stvainson, Qeorge Jacson, Edward Wilson, Thomas Woodcock, Reece Bevan, Thomas Roby, Charles Holmes, William Brown, Samuel Hope, 'Thomas Sands, Robert Bickerstaff, Isaac Wilcockson, John Hargreaves, Joseph Wagstqff, Ralph Clayton,, Samuel Edelston, Robert Gardiner, William Rathbom, James Lawrence, Hugh Hornby, and all and every other Person or Persons, Body or Bodies Politic and Corporate, who shall hereafter become Subscribers to the said Undertaking for establishing the said Railway and Branches, and thjeir |eyer&l and respective Successors, Executors, Ad#i4istratorsi and As$ig#, shall be and are herfby united into a Company for making aad maintaining the said Railway and Branches, and Works incident .thereto and to be connected therewith, according and subject to the Rules, Restrictions, and Regulations hereinafter H^^wi d A^d Pr^yided, and.for that Purpose ishall.;be one BMy Corporate, and shall be known as such by the Name and Style of " The Preston and Wigan Railway Company," and by that Name shall have perpetual Succession, and shall have a Common Seal, and by that Name shall and may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, at Law or in Equity; and the said Company shall have fujl Power and Authority from Time to Time and at all Times to purchase and hold Lands and Hereditaments to them and their Successors and Assigns, for the Use of the said Undertaking and Works, and also to sell and dispose of the said Lands and..tiereditaments again in manner by this Act directed, without incusvmg. any of the Penalties or Forfeitures of the Statutes of Mortmain. Company empowered to make Railway from Wigan tofreston, andBranches therefrom. II. And be it further enacted, That the said Company shall be and .are hereby empowered, by themselves, their Deputies, Agents, Officers, jnginesrs, Servants, and Workmen, to make, complete, and ajaintain. a Railway, with proper Warehouses, Wharfs, Landing Places^ Tunnels, Bridges, Works, and Conveniences adjoining thereto. S connected therewith, for the Passage of Waggons, Carts* and 4$tfe^, Carriages properly constructed, commencing at or near to the jf^flfaimntary Line of the Wigan Branch Railway within the ,B/oro$gbi of Wigan in the County Palatine of'Lancaster, and thence extending itito or passing through the several Parishes of Wigwn Standish, Leyland, Pewmoriham*. Blackburn, and Preston, all in the said County Palatine of Lancaster, or some of them, and also extending into or passing, through the several Boroughs, Townships, Hamlets, or, Places of Wigan, Standish cum Langtree, Worthingtm, CoppyAli, Gharnoclc Richard, Eupton, Ley land, Earringtom, Pen-' wortha1)^, Walton le Dale, and Preston, all in the. said County Palatine of Lanc&ster, or some of them, and terminating at or near to Dock Street in $j£ Borough of Preston aforesaid; and to make and complete collateral Branches to lead from and out of or be connected with the said intended Railway, one of the said collateral 12* Branches TGULIELMI IV. CapAri. 85-5 Branches commencing by two Points, both in the said Parish and Borough or Township of Wigan, one of such Points commencing at or near to a certain Field there called the Mesnes, in the Occupation of the Honourable and Reverend George Bridgeman, and the other of such Points commencing at or near to a certain Field there called the Further Hennis Mesnes, in the Occupation of Elizabeth and Jane Kenyon, and extending into or passing through the said Parish and Borough or Township of Wigan, and terminating at or near to a certain Field called the Pasture Field, within Wigan aforesaid, in the Occupation of Alexander Wigan ; also one other collateral Branch commencing in the said Township of Charnock Richard at or near to a certain Field there called the Nearer Brow, in the Occupation of William Fell, and extending into or passing through the said Parish of Standish, and through or into the several Townships* Hamlets, or Places of Charnock Richard and Welch WJiiitle, both in the said County Palatine of Lancaster, or one of them, and terminating at or near to the Turnpike Road in Welch WhittU aforesaid, leading from Wigan aforesaid, through Standish cum Langtree aforesaid, to Preston aforesaid; and also one other collateral Branch, commencing at or near to a certain Field in the said Township of Penwortham called the Meadow, in the Occupation of Robert Bills- borough, and extending into or passing through or into the said several Parishes of Penwortham and Blackburn, and through or into the several Townships, Hamlets, or Places of Penwortham and Walton le Dale, or one of them, and terminating at or near to Brownedge Lane in the said Township of Walton le Dale, where the same is crossed by the Railway or Tramroad belonging to the Lancaster Canal Company; and also to make and maintain all such Inclined Planes on such Parts of the said Railway and Branches respectively as to the said Company may seem expedient, and to erect or use stationary or other Engines for the Purpose aforesaid. III. And be it further enacted, That for the Purposes of this Power to Act the said Company, their Deputies, Servants, Agents, Surveyors, nter Lands and Workmen, shall be and they are hereby authorized and em-an*[ 'nfPect powered to enter into and upon the Lands arid Grounds of any Materials, Person, Body Politic, Corporate, or Collegiate whatsoever, ac- &c. and recording to the Provisions of this Act, and to survey and take move Ob- Levels of the same or any Part thereof, and to ascertain, set out, structIonsand appropriate, for the Purposes of this Act, such Parts thereof as they are by this Act empowered to take or make use of, for making and using the said Railway, and all such other Works, Matters, and Conveniences as are hereby authorized to be made, and there to bore, dig, cut, trench, embank, and sough, and also to remove, take, carry away, lay, and use, any Earth, Clay, Stone, Soil, Rubbish, Trees, Roots of Trees, Beds of Gravel or Sand, or any other Materials or Things which may be dug, raised, or gotten in making the said Railway and other Works, out of the said Lands and Grounds of any Person, or Body Politic, Corporate, or Collegiate, adjoining or contiguous to such Railway, which may be proper, requisite, or necessary for making, carrying on, continuing, maintaining, altering, or repairing the said Railway and other Works, or which may hinder, prevent, or obstruct the making, using, or completing, extending, or maintaining 85S Power to make and erect Embankments, Bridges, Tunnels, Warehouses, Engines, &c; and to make and manu facture ne cessary Materials; and also to make Drains and Conduits. 1GULIELMI IV. Gaf.hi. maintaining the same respectively, according to the true Intent and Meaning of this Act; and also, to make, erect, build, bank, excavate, cut, and set up, under or upon the said Railway or other Works* and upon the Lands adjoining the same, such and so many Embankments, Bridges, Piers, Archings, Cuttings, --and Tunnels,1 for passing under or over any Streets, Houses or other Buildings or Erections, also for passing any Hills, Valleys, Roads, Rivers, Canals, Brooks, and Streams, or other Waters, and to alter the Course of or draw off such Water for such Time as may be necessary for completing bridges or Passages over the same, and such and so many Houses, iW&rehouses, Toll Houses, Wharfs, Landing Places, Weighing Beams, Cranes, Fire Engines, Steam Engines, and other Engines or otti^r! Machines and other Works, and Ways, Roads,* and Conveniences, as the said Company shall think necessary and convenient for- the Purposes of the said Undertaking; and also froaa Time to Time to alter, repair, and amend or discontinue the same; or any of them, and to substitute others in their Stead; and...

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