Prisons (Scotland) Act 1952

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1952 c. 61


Prisons (Scotland) Act , 1952

(15 & 16 Geo. 6 & 1 Eliz. 2) CHAPTER 61

An Act to consolidate certain enactments relating to prisons and other institutions for offenders in Scotland and related matters with corrections and improvements made under the Consolidation of Enactments (Procedure) Act, 1949.

[30th October 1952]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Central Administration

Central Administration

S-1 General control over prisons in Scotland.

1 General control over prisons in Scotland.

1. All powers and jurisdiction in relation to prisons and prisoners which before the commencement of the Prisons (Scotland) Act, 1877, were exercisable by any other authority shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, be exercisable by the Secretary of State.

S-2 Appointment of officers and servants for the purposes of this Act.

2 Appointment of officers and servants for the purposes of this Act.

(1) There shall be employed for the purposes of this Act such inspectors and other officers and servants as the Secretary of State, with the sanction of the Treasury as to number, may appoint.

(2) There shall be paid out of moneys provided by Parliament to the inspectors and officers and servants appointed in pursuance of the last foregoing subsection such salaries as the Secretary of State may, with the consent of the Treasury determine.

S-3 General superintendence of prisons.

3 General superintendence of prisons.

(1) The general superintendence of prisons shall be vested in the Secretary of State, who shall appoint the governors, matrons and other officers of prisons including medical officers, being medical practitioners duly registered under the Medical Acts.

(2) The Secretary of State shall appoint to each prison a chaplain being a minister or a licentiate of the Church of Scotland.

(3) The Secretary of State shall make contracts and do all other acts necessary for the maintenance of the prisons and prisoners therein.

(4) There shall be provided such office accommodation in connection with the general superintendence of prisons as the Secretary of State, with the consent of the Treasury, may determine.

S-4 General duties in relation to prisons.

4 General duties in relation to prisons.

(1) Subject to any directions of the Secretary of State officers duly authorised by him shall visit and inspect all prisons and examine the state of the buildings, the conduct of officers, the treatment and conduct of the prisoners and all other matters concerning the management of prisons.

(2) The Secretary of State may, by himself or by any authorised officer, exercise in relation to any prison and the prisoners therein all powers and jurisdiction exercisable by the prison authority of a prison by virtue of any Act of Parliament or by any rules duly made thereunder.

S-5 Report to Parliament.

5 Report to Parliament.

(1) The Secretary of State shall, at such time or times as he may think fit, cause a report to be prepared of the condition of the prisons and prisoners, and shall lay such report before Parliament.

(2) A report prepared under the last foregoing subsection shall state the various manufacturing processes carried on in each prison with such particulars as to the kinds and quantities of, and the commercial value of the labour on, the manufactures, and as to the number of prisoners employed and otherwise as may in the opinion of the Secretary of State be best calculated to afford information to Parliament.

S-6 Annual return of punishments.

6 Annual return of punishments.

6. The Secretary of State shall make a yearly return to Parliament of all punishments inflicted within each prison and the offences for which they were inflicted.

S-7 Visiting committees.

7 Visiting committees.

(1) Rules made under section thirty-five of this Act shall provide for the constitution, for prisons, of visiting committees appointed, at such times, in such manner, for such periods and by such county and town councils as may be prescribed by the rules.

(2) Rules made as aforesaid shall secure that any such visiting committee shall include such number of women as may be prescribed by the rules, and where a number less than the prescribed number is appointed by the said councils the Secretary of State may appoint such number of women as may be necessary to bring the number appointed by the councils up to the number prescribed.

(3) Rules made as aforesaid shall prescribe the functions of visiting committees, and shall among other things require the members to pay frequent visits to the prison and hear any complaints which may be made by the prisoners and report to the Secretary of State any matter which they consider it expedient to report; and any member of a visiting committee may at any time enter the prison and shall have free access to every part thereof and to every prisoner.

(4) Rules made as aforesaid may require the visiting committee appointed for any prison to consider periodically the character, conduct and prospects of each of the prisoners sentenced to corrective training or preventive detention, and to report to the Secretary of State on the advisability of his release on licence.

(5) The Secretary of State may pay—

(a ) to the members of any visiting committee appointed under or in pursuance of this section such allowances in respect of loss of earnings or travelling or subsistence or other expenses necessarily suffered or incurred in the performance of their duties; and

(b ) to the officers of any such committee such remuneration (whether by way of salary or fees) and such allowances in respect of travelling or subsistence expenses,

as the Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury determine.

S-8 Appointment of prison ministers.

8 Appointment of prison ministers.

(1) Where in any prison the number of prisoners who belong to a religious denomination other than the Church of Scotland is such as in the opinion of the Secretary of State to require the appointment of a minister of that denomination, the Secretary of State may appoint such a minister to that prison.

(2) The Secretary of State may pay a minister appointed under the foregoing subsection such remuneration as he thinks reasonable.

(3) The Secretary of State may allow a minister of any denomination other than the Church of Scotland to visit prisoners of his denomination in a prison to which no minister of that denomination has been appointed under this section.

(4) No prisoner shall be visited against his will by such a minister as is mentioned in the last foregoing subsection; but every prisoner not belonging to the Church of Scotland shall be allowed in accordance with the arrangements in force in the prison in which he is confined, to attend chapel or to be visited by the chaplain.

(5) The governor of a prison shall on the reception of each prisoner record the religious denomination to which the prisoner declares himself to belong, and shall give to any minister who under this section is appointed to the prison or permitted to visit prisoners therein a list of the prisoners who have declared themselves to belong to his denomination; and the minister shall not be permitted to visit any other prisoners.

Confinement and Treatment of Prisoners

Confinement and Treatment of Prisoners

S-9 Place of confinement of prisoners.

9 Place of confinement of prisoners.

9. Prisoners shall be committed to such prison as may be appointed by rules under this Act, and a convicted criminal prisoner may be removed by the Secretary of State from any one prison to any other prison for the purpose of there undergoing the whole of any part of his sentence.

S-10 Removal of prisoners for judicial and other purposes.

10 Removal of prisoners for judicial and other purposes.

(1) Rules under section thirty-five of this Act may provide in what manner an appellant within the meaning of the Criminal Appeal (Scotland) Act, 1926, when in custody, is to be taken to, kept in custody at, and brought back from, any place at which he is entitled to be present for the purposes of that Act, or any place to which the High Court of Justiciary or any judge thereof, may order him to be taken for the purposes of any proceedings of that Court.

(2) The Secretary of State may—

(a ) if he is satisfied that the attendance at any place in Great Britain of a person detained in Scotland in a prison is desirable in the interests of justice or for the purposes of any public inquiry, direct him to be taken to that place;

(b ) if he is satisfied that a person so detained requires medical or surgical treatment of any description, direct him to be taken to a hospital or other suitable place for the purpose of the treatment;

and where any person is directed under this subsection to be taken to any place he shall, unless the Secretary of State otherwise directs, be kept in custody while being so taken, while at that place, and while being taken back to the prison in which he is required in accordance with law to be detained.

(3) The governor or any officer of a prison may execute any warrant issued by the High Court of Justiciary for the removal of a prisoner in that prison to any other prison for the purpose of trial before the said Court.

(4) The Secretary of State may make regulations as to the mode in which and the officers by whom warrants issued under the last foregoing subsection shall be executed.

S-11 Photographing and measuring of prisoners.

11 Photographing and measuring of prisoners.

11. The Secretary of State may make regulations as to the measuring and photographing of prisoners and such...

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