Psychoactive Substances Act 2016

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation2016 c. 2


Psychoactive Substances Act 2016

2016 Chapter 2

An Act to make provision about psychoactive substances; and for connected purposes.

[28 January 2016]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Introductory

Introductory

S-1 Overview

1 Overview

(1) This Act contains provision about psychoactive substances.

(2) Section 2 defines what is meant by a “psychoactive substance”.

(3) Sections 4 to 10 contain provision about offences relating to psychoactive substances.

(4) Section 11 provides for exceptions to those offences.

(5) Sections 12 to 35 contain powers for dealing with prohibited activities in respect of psychoactive substances, in particular powers to give prohibition notices and make prohibition orders.

(6) Sections 36 to 54 contain enforcement powers.

Psychoactive substances

Psychoactive substances

S-2 Meaning of “psychoactive substance” etc

2 Meaning of “psychoactive substance” etc

(1) In this Act “psychoactive substance” means any substance which—

(a)

(a) is capable of producing a psychoactive effect in a person who consumes it, and

(b)

(b) is not an exempted substance (see section 3).

(2) For the purposes of this Act a substance produces a psychoactive effect in a person if, by stimulating or depressing the person’s central nervous system, it affects the person’s mental functioning or emotional state; and references to a substance’s psychoactive effects are to be read accordingly.

(3) For the purposes of this Act a person consumes a substance if the person causes or allows the substance, or fumes given off by the substance, to enter the person’s body in any way.

S-3 Exempted substances

3 Exempted substances

(1) In this Act “exempted substance” means a substance listed in Schedule 1.

(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend Schedule 1 in order to—

(a)

(a) add or vary any description of substance;

(b)

(b) remove any description of substance added under paragraph (a).

(3) Before making any regulations under this section the Secretary of State must consult—

(a)

(a) the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs, and

(b)

(b) such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(4) The power to make regulations under this section is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(5) A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

Offences

Offences

S-4 Producing a psychoactive substance

4 Producing a psychoactive substance

(1) A person commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) the person intentionally produces a psychoactive substance,

(b)

(b) the person knows or suspects that the substance is a psychoactive substance, and

(c)

(c) the person—

(i) intends to consume the psychoactive substance for its psychoactive effects, or

(ii) knows, or is reckless as to whether, the psychoactive substance is likely to be consumed by some other person for its psychoactive effects.

(2) This section is subject to section 11 (exceptions to offences).

S-5 Supplying, or offering to supply, a psychoactive substance

5 Supplying, or offering to supply, a psychoactive substance

(1) A person commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) the person intentionally supplies a substance to another person,

(b)

(b) the substance is a psychoactive substance,

(c)

(c) the person knows or suspects, or ought to know or suspect, that the substance is a psychoactive substance, and

(d)

(d) the person knows, or is reckless as to whether, the psychoactive substance is likely to be consumed by the person to whom it is supplied, or by some other person, for its psychoactive effects.

(2) A person (“P”) commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) P offers to supply a psychoactive substance to another person (“R”), and

(b)

(b) P knows or is reckless as to whether R, or some other person, would, if P supplied a substance to R in accordance with the offer, be likely to consume the substance for its psychoactive effects.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(b), the reference to a substance’s psychoactive effects includes a reference to the psychoactive effects which the substance would have if it were the substance which P had offered to supply to R.

(4) This section is subject to section 11 (exceptions to offences).

S-6 Aggravation of offence under section 5

6 Aggravation of offence under section 5

(1) This section applies if—

(a)

(a) a court is considering the seriousness of an offence under section 5, and

(b)

(b) at the time the offence was committed the offender was aged 18 or over.

(2) If condition A, B or C is met the court—

(a)

(a) must treat the fact that the condition is met as an aggravating factor (that is to say, a factor that increases the seriousness of the offence), and

(b)

(b) must state in open court that the offence is so aggravated.

(3) Condition A is that the offence was committed on or in the vicinity of school premises at a relevant time.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3) a “relevant time” is—

(a)

(a) any time when the school premises are in use by persons under the age of 18;

(b)

(b) one hour before the start and one hour after the end of any such time.

(5) In this section—

“school premises” means land used for the purposes of a school, other than any land occupied solely as a dwelling by a person employed at the school;

“school” has the same meaning—(a) in England and Wales, as in section 4 of the Education Act 1996;(b) in Scotland, as in section 135(1) of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980;(c) in Northern Ireland, as in Article 2(2) of the Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 ( S.I. 1986/594 (N.I. 3)).

(6) Condition B is that in connection with the commission of the offence the offender used a courier who, at the time the offence was committed, was under the age of 18.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (6) a person (“P”) uses a courier in connection with an offence under section 5 if P causes or permits another person (the courier)—

(a)

(a) to deliver a substance to a third person, or

(b)

(b) to deliver a drug-related consideration to P or a third person.

(8) A drug-related consideration is a consideration of any description which—

(a)

(a) is obtained in connection with the supply of a psychoactive substance, or

(b)

(b) is intended to be used in connection with obtaining a psychoactive substance.

(9) Condition C is that the offence was committed in a custodial institution.

(10) In this section—

“custodial institution” means any of the following—(a) a prison;(b) a young offender institution, secure training centre, secure college, young offenders institution, young offenders centre, juvenile justice centre or remand centre;(c) a removal centre, a short-term holding facility or pre-departure accommodation;(d) service custody premises;

“removal centre”, “short-term holding facility” and “pre-departure accommodation” have the meaning given by section 147 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999;

“service custody premises” has the meaning given by section 300(7) of the Armed Forces Act 2006.

S-7 Possession of psychoactive substance with intent to supply

7 Possession of psychoactive substance with intent to supply

(1) A person commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) the person is in possession of a psychoactive substance,

(b)

(b) the person knows or suspects that the substance is a psychoactive substance, and

(c)

(c) the person intends to supply the psychoactive substance to another person for its consumption, whether by any person to whom it is supplied or by some other person, for its psychoactive effects.

(2) This section is subject to section 11 (exceptions to offences).

S-8 Importing or exporting a psychoactive substance

8 Importing or exporting a psychoactive substance

(1) A person commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) the person intentionally imports a substance,

(b)

(b) the substance is a psychoactive substance,

(c)

(c) the person knows or suspects, or ought to know or suspect, that the substance is a psychoactive substance, and

(d)

(d) the person—

(i) intends to consume the psychoactive substance for its psychoactive effects, or

(ii) knows, or is reckless as to whether, the psychoactive substance is likely to be consumed by some other person for its psychoactive effects.

(2) A person commits an offence if—

(a)

(a) the person intentionally exports a substance,

(b)

(b) the substance is a psychoactive substance,

(c)

(c) the person knows or suspects, or ought to know or suspect, that the substance is a psychoactive substance, and

(d)

(d) the person—

(i) intends to consume the psychoactive substance for its psychoactive effects, or

(ii) knows, or is reckless as to whether, the psychoactive substance is likely to be consumed by some other person for its psychoactive effects.

(3) In a case where a person imports or exports a controlled drug suspecting it to be a psychoactive substance, the person is to be treated for the purposes of this section as if the person had imported or exported a psychoactive substance suspecting it to be such a substance.

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