RACISM AND XENOPHOBIA AND THE PREVENTION OF BIAS CRIMES IN GERMANY

Publication Date10 Oct 2007
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/S1521-6136(07)09004-5
Pages93-107
AuthorMarc Coester,Dieter Rossner
RACISM AND XENOPHOBIA AND
THE PREVENTION OF BIAS CRIMES
IN GERMANY: RESULTS FROM
A NATIONWIDE TASK GROUP
Marc Coester and Dieter Ro
¨ssner
1. INTRODUCTION
Racism and Xenophobia are constantly present in the public debate as well
as in social science in Germany. For more than 30 years research is focusing
on this topic and concentrating mostly on attitudes, ideologies and actions
of German right wing youth. Since the new millennium a shift in perception
of this phenomenon can be noticed that centres mainly on the prevention
measures as well as on the victims of crime against social group members
within society. This concept of hate and bias crimes respectively was the
initial point of a German-wide task group which has been working between
2001 and 2005 in order to find new solutions and better concepts for the
handling, and especially for the prevention of right wing violence, racism,
xenophobia and bias crimes. It should be noted that the terms ‘‘right wing’’,
‘‘right extremist’’, ‘‘right radical’’, ‘‘xenophobic’’ or ‘‘racist’’ violence/crime
are mostly used synonymously in Germany (Coester & Gossner, 2002). The
terms ‘‘hate’’ or ‘‘bias crimes’’ are also used synonymously in the (mostly)
English literature (Jacobs & Potter, 1998).
Crime and Human Rights
Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance, Volume 9, 93–107
Copyright r2007 by Elsevier Ltd.
All rights of reproduction in any form reserved
ISSN: 1521-6136/doi:10.1016/S1521-6136(07)09004-5
93

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