Reserve Forces Act 1996

Publication Date:January 01, 1996


Reserve Forces Act 1996

1996 CHAPTER 14

An Act to make provision with respect to the reserve forces of the Crown and persons liable to be recalled for permanent service to amend the provisions of the Reserve Forces Act 1980 relating to the lieutenancies to amend the law relating to the postponement of the discharge or transfer to the reserve of regular servicemen and for connected purposes.

[22nd May 1996]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

I The Reserve Forces

Part I

The Reserve Forces

Maintenance and composition

Maintenance and composition

S-1 Power to maintain the reserve forces.

1 Power to maintain the reserve forces.

(1) Her Majesty may maintain each of the reserve forces in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(2) In this Act ‘the reserve forces’ means the following forces—

(a) the Royal Fleet Reserve, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Royal Marines Reserve (the reserve naval and marine forces

(b) the Army Reserve and the Territorial Army (the reserve land forces) and

(c) the Air Force Reserve and the Royal Auxiliary Air Force (the reserve air forces).

S-2 Membership of the reserve forces.

2 Membership of the reserve forces.

(1) The reserve forces shall each consist of officers and men.

(2) The men of the Royal Fleet Reserve, the Army Reserve and the Air Force Reserve (referred to in this Act as ‘the ex-regular reserve forces’) may only be—

(a) men transferred to that force under the Army Act 1955 , the Air Force Act 1955 or regulations under the Armed Forces Act 1966 , as the case may be

(b) men enlisted or re-engaged in that force.

(3) The men of the Royal Naval Reserve, the Royal Marines Reserve the Territorial Army and the Royal Auxiliary Air Force (referred to in this Act as ‘the volunteer reserve forces’) may only be men enlisted or re-engaged in that force.

(4) In this Act, any reference (however expressed) to a man of any of the reserve forces is a reference to a person of either sex who is a member of that force and is of or below the rate or rank of warrant officer.

S-3 Control of numbers in the reserve forces.

3 Control of numbers in the reserve forces.

(1) Parliament shall authorise a maximum number of officers and a maximum number of men for each of the reserve forces and, accordingly the numbers of officers and men of a reserve force shall not exceed the numbers for the time being authorised for the force.

(2) The special members of a reserve force shall not be reckoned in the numbers of officers and men for the time being authorised for the force under this section.

Regulation and organisation

Regulation and organisation

S-4 Orders and regulations concerning the reserve forces.

4 Orders and regulations concerning the reserve forces.

(1) Her Majesty may, by order signified under the hand of the Secretary of State, make orders with respect to—

(a) the government and discipline of any reserve force and

(b) all other matters and things relating to that force

and including any matter authorised to be prescribed by any provision of this Act or expressed to be subject to orders or regulations under this section.

(2) Subject to the provisions of any order under subsection (1), the Defence Council may make regulations with respect to any matters relating to any reserve force, being matters with respect to which Her Majesty may make orders under that subsection.

(3) Orders or regulations under this section may make different provision for dif ferent cases (including different forces), and may include such supplementary, consequential, incidental and transitional provisions as appear to Her Majesty or the Defence Council (as the case may be) to be necessary or expedient.

(4) Regulations under this section may be amended or revoked by an order or further regulations under this section and an order under this section may be amended or revoked by another order under this section.

(5) Any order or regulations under this section s hall be laid before each House of Parliament after being made.

S-5 Organisation of the reserve forces.

5 Organisation of the reserve forces.

(1) Any of the reserve forces may, by or in accordance with orders or regulations under section 4, be formed into such groupings as may be specified in the order or regulations concerned.

(2) Such orders or regulations may, in particular, include provision with respect to—

(a) the formation of the reserve naval or marine forces into divisions classes or other naval or marine bodies

(b) the formation of the reserve land forces into corps, regiments, battalions or other military bodies

(c) the formation of the reserve air forces into wings, squadrons or other air-force bodies and

(d) the formation of any such bodies as are mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) into higher formations, either alone or jointly with any other part of Her Majesty's armed forces.

S-6 Permanent staff of the reserve forces.

6 Permanent staff of the reserve forces.

(1) Each reserve force may be served by a permanent staff consisting of persons who are members of that force or members of the regular services.

(2) Orders or regulations under section 4 may make provision with respect to the duties of, and any other matter relating to, the permanent staff of any reserve force.

S-7 Pay and pensions Pay, bounty and allowances of the reserve forces.

7 Pay and pensions Pay, bounty and allowances of the reserve forces.

(1) Orders or regulations under section 4 may make provision with respect to pay, bounty and allowances for members of the reserve forces.

(2) Such orders or regulations may, in particular—

(a) make provision as to the manner in which payments of pay, bounty and allowances are made and

(b) impose conditions or restrictions (including deductions) on the making of such payments.

(3) In relation to prescribed members of the reserve naval and marine forces, section 1(1) and (2) of the Naval Forces (Enforcement of Maintenance Liabilities) Act 1947 shall apply in relation to the restrictions which may be included in orders and regulations by virtue of this section as it applies in relation to the restrictions which may be included in an Order in Council regulating naval and marine pay.

S-8 Pensions.

8 Pensions.

(1) Orders or regulations under section 4 may make provision for—

(a) the payment of pensions, allowances and gratuities by the Secretary of State to or in respect of any persons who are or have been members of the reserve forces

(b) the making of payments towards the provision of pensions, allowances and gratuities to or in respect of any such persons.

(2) Orders or regulations under section 4 may also make provision for the payment of, or the making of payments towards the provision of, pensions, allowances and gratuities in respect of the death or disability of a person attributable to his service as a member of a reserve force.

(3) The provision made under this section may include provision for or towards the payment of lump sums instead of, or as well as, pensions.

II Enlistment and conditions of service

Part II

Enlistment and conditions of service

Enlistment and re-engagement

Enlistment and re-engagement

S-9 Enlistment of men in the reserve forces.

9 Enlistment of men in the reserve forces.

(1) An enlisting officer may enlist as men in any reserve force such persons as he considers suitable.

(2) In this Part ‘enlisting officer’ means—

(a) a lord-lieutenant or deputy lieutenant holding office under Part VI of the Reserve Forces Act 1980

(b) an officer of the regular services or of any reserve force

(c) any consul-general, consul or vice consul or any other person duly exercising the functions of a British consul in any place outside the United Kingdom.

(3) A recruit may not be enlisted in any country or territory outside the United Kingdom which is specified for the purposes of this subsection by Her Majesty by Order in Council.

(4) Schedule 1 (enlistment of men in the reserve forces) shall have effect.

(5) In this Act any reference to men enlisted in a reserve force, so far as relating to any of the reserve naval and marine forces, is a reference to men entered for service in that force.

S-10 Enlistment of foreign nationals and residents.

10 Enlistment of foreign nationals and residents.

(1) Orders or regulations under section 4 may provide for the enlistment in any reserve force of persons who are not British citizens or who reside outside the United Kingdom.

(2) A person who is not a British citizen or who resides outside the United Kingdom may not be enlisted in a reserve force unless his enlistment is permitted by provision made for the purposes of subsection (1).

S-11 Re-engagement for service.

11 Re-engagement for service.

(1) A man of a reserve force may be re-engaged for such period beginning immediately after the end of his current term of service, as may be prescribed.

(2) A man wishing to re-engage—

(a) shall do so before being discharged, but not more than 12 months before the end of his current term of service and

(b) on that re-engagement shall make such declaration as may be prescribed before an enlisting officer.

(3) A man who has re-engaged under this section may re-engage on a second or subsequent occasion.

S-12 Service in the reserve land and air forces on enlistment.

12 Service in the reserve land and air forces on enlistment.

(1) Orders and regulations under section 4 may make provision as to the corps, units or bodies into which persons enlisting in a reserve land or air force may be...

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