STATUTES

Publication Date01 Jul 1962
DOIhttp://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.1962.tb00689.x
STATUTES
THE
CROWN
E~TATE
ACT,
1961
THE
Crown Estate Act,
1961,'
which came into force on July
27,
1961,
repealed and partially re-enacted fourteen statutes known as
the Crown Lands Acts,
1829
to
1986,
as well as many other statu-
tory provisions, which are listed in the 8rd Schedule to the Act.
Among
these is the Crown Estate Act,
1956,
which, however, is
entirely reenacted, subject to some slight variations. By section
1
(1)
of
the latter Act there had been placed under the management
of
the Crown Estate Commissioners as from December
14,
1856,*
the possessions and land revenues of the Crown formerly under the
management of the Commissioners of Crown Lands. Those Com-
missioners had by the Crown Lands Act,
1927,
s.
1
(1)
been
constituted a body corporate, and the Crown Estate Commissioners
were similarly
so
constituted by the
1956
Act,
s.
1
(1).
Whereas by the
1956
Act the provisions of the earlier Acts were
largely left intact, the
1961
Act freed the Crown Estate Commis-
sioners (in the Act referred to as
"
the Commissioners
")
from
numerous statutory restrictions and, for the purpose of managing
and improving the property under their management (in the Act
called
"
the Crown Estate
"),
gave them authority to do on behalf
of the Crown over
or
in relation to land
or
other property, rights
and interests forming part of the Crown Estate and in relation to
all matters arising in its management all such acts as belong to
the Crown's rights of ownership and to execute and do in the name
of
Her Majesty all instruments and things proper for the effective
exercise of their powers.a
The Commissioners are charged on behalf of the Crown with the
function of managing and turning to account land and other rights
and interests and of holding such of the property rights and
interests under their management as
for
any reason cannot be
vested
in
the Crown
or
can more conveniently be vested in the
Comrnis~ioners.~ This includes leasehold property held on behalf
of the Crown, which formerly had to be vested in
trustee^.^
There
is now a statutory vesting
of
such leasehold property in the
Commissioners.*
The Commissioners are placed under a new statutory duty to
keep the Crown Estate primarily as an estate in land and to main-
tain and enhance its value and the return obtained from
it,
but with
due regard to the requirements of good management.'
2
8.1.
1966,
No.
1890.
1
9
&
10
Eliz.
2,
c.
66.
J
Crown
Lands
Act,
1829,
B.
49.
3
8.
1
(2).
4
8.
1 (1).
6
1961
Act,
a.
9
(2).
7
a.
1
(9).
442

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