Sustainable development: greening and urban agriculture in Lithuania

Date09 July 2018
Published date09 July 2018
AuthorEvaldas Klimas,Mantas Lideika
Subject MatterReal estate & property,Property law,Building & construction,Building & construction law
Sustainable development:
greening and urban agriculture
in Lithuania
Evaldas Klimas
Private Law Institute, Mykolo Romerio Universitetas, Vilnius, Lithuania, and
Mantas Lideika
Ellex Valiunas Law Firm, Vilnius, Lithuania
Purpose The purposeof this paper is to discuss the measures implementedunder the spatial planning law
of the Republic of Lithuania, along with various initiatives, to identify whether Lithuania is following the
internationaltrend of greening cities.
Design/methodology/approach The authorsanalysisis based on an evaluation of the urban theory-
based approach towards greening cities and adopting urbanagriculture in Lithuania and legal regulations
introduced by the Lithuaniangovernment. The paper specif‌ically analyses the legal requirementsenshrined
in Lithuanianlaw that are intended to encourage green infrastructureand urban agriculture in cities as part of
the adoption of the principles of sustainable development. The paper focuses on Vilnius, the capital city of
Lithuania,to gauge the extent to which the new regulations encourage urban greening and agriculture.
Findings The authorsreveals that Vilniusis lacking initiatives with regard to urban agriculture, while
existing areas for urban agriculture are disappearing. This is happening despite the promising spatial
planning reform in Lithuania, which introduced the principle of sustainable development into spatial
planning regulations. This is a cause for concern and should lead to renewed calls for a coherent and
ambitious approach to the greeningof Vilnius and other cities in Lithuania. Furthermore, the lack of action
shows that the vague wording used by the regulations does not actively encourage urban agriculture and
even results in ignoranceof its virtues. Therefore, more precise regulations on encouraging urbanagriculture
and greeningof the cities should be introduced.
Originality/value This paper is the f‌irst to analyse the extent to which the newly adoptedprinciple of
sustainable development in spatial planning could affect the greening of Lithuanian cities and encourage
urban agriculture. The paper identif‌iesthe sequence of opening the meaning of the sustainable development
principlein regular legal norms which encouraging thegreening and indicates the lack of imperativenorms to
ensure thedue implementation of sustainable developmentprinciple.
Keywords Sustainable development, Urban planning, Urban agriculture, Greening,
Environmental law, Landscaping
Paper type Viewpoint
1. Introduction
Sustainable development has been a major area of policy focus since a framework for the
principles of sustainable development was laid down at a UN Conference on Environment
and Development in 1992. On January 1, 2014, a new law on spatial planning[1] came into
force in Lithuania which is in line with the internationally agreed principles of sustainable
The greening of cities and urban agricultureare key elements in helping to ensure long-
term sustainability and are becoming increasingly topical because of the ground-breaking
internationalagreement to curb global warming reached under the ParisAgreement.
Received10 March 2017
Revised10 September 2017
21January 2018
Accepted21 February 2018
Journalof Property, Planning and
Vol.10 No. 3, 2018
pp. 240-254
© Emerald Publishing Limited
DOI 10.1108/JPPEL-03-2017-0010
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