Thames Conservancy Act 1857

Cited as:1857 c. cxlvii
Jurisdiction:UK Non-devolved
Thames Conservancy Act 1857

(20 & 21 Vict.) c. cxlvii

An Act to provide for the Conservation of the River Thames, and for the Regulation, Management, and Improvement thereof.

[17th August 1857]

ANNO VICESIMO & VICESIMO PRIMO VICTORIM REGINiE. Cap. cxlvii. An Act to provide for the Conservation of the River Thames, and for the Regulation, Management, and Improvement thereof. [17th August 1857.] HERE AS the Preservation and Improvement of the River Thames is of great national Importance: And whereas the Queen's most Excellent Majesty in right of Her Crown is or claims to be seised of the Ground and Soil of the Seas around the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Shores thereof so far as the Sea flows and reflows between the High and Low Water Marks at ordinary Tides, and also of all Rivers, Creeks, and Arms of the Sea, and the Ground and Soil thereof, and of the Shores of the same respectively, between the ordinary High and Low Water Marks from the Mouths or Entrances to the same from the Main Sea upwards, and into the Country so far as the Water flows and reflows at such ordinary Tides, and of all the Ports and Havens of the United Kingdom, save and except only such Parts of the said Seas and Sea Shores, Rivers, Creeks, and Arms of the Sea respectively, and of the Shores thereof, and such Ports and Havens respectively, as are held by or are vested in certain Bodies Politic and Corporate and others by Prescription, or by or under Grants from the Queen's Majesty or any [Local] 26 M of 2346 20 & 21 VICTORIA, Cajo.cxlvii. The Thames Conservancy Act, 1857. of Her Predecessors, or by or under Acts of Parliament, and the Conservancy of such Ports and Havens, Rivers, Creeks, and Arms of the Sea as aforesaid, except as aforesaid, and except where the same is held by or is vested in certain Bodies Politic and Corporate and others by Prescription or otherwise, belongs to the Lord High Admiral or Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom: And whereas the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London have from Time immemorial had and exercised by the Mayor of the said City for the Time being during his Mayoralty, or by his sufficient Deputies, the Conservation of the River Thames between Staines in the County of Middlesex and Yenleete in the County of Kent: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fourteenth Year of the Reign of King George the 14 G. 3.c.9i. Third, intituled An Act more effectually to improve and complete the Navigation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and to prevent any Vessel or Barge from being moored in Taplow Mill Stream in the County of Bucks : And whereas an Act was passed in the Seven- 17 G. 3.C.18. teenth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act for enabling the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London to purchase the present Tolls and Duties payable for navigating upon the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and for laying a small Toll in lieu thereof for the Purpose of more effectually completing the said Navigation, and for other Purposes: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fiftieth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, 506.3. intituled An Act for amending, altering, and enlarging the Powers of c cciv. Two Acts passed in the Fourteenth and Seventeenth Years of His present Majesty in relation to the Navigation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and for the further Improvement of the said Navigation: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fifty-second Year of the Reign 52 G. 3. of King George the Third, intituled An Act for altering, amending, c. xlvi. an(i enlarging the Powers of Three Acts of His present Majesty for improving the Navigation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and for further improving the said Navigation: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Reign of King George the 54 G. 3. Third, intituled An Act for altering, amending, and enlarging the c. ccxxiii. Powers of Four Acts of His present Majesty for improving the Navi gation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and for further improving the said Navigation: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fifth Year of the 5G.4. Reign of King George the Fourth, intituled An Act to enable the c. cxxiu. Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London to raise a Sum of Money at a reduced Rate of Interest to pay off the Moneys now 2347 20 & 21 VICTORIA, Cap.cxhn. The Thames Conservancy Act, 1857. now charged on the Tolls and Duties payable by virtue of Four Acts of the Reign of His late Majesty King George the Third for improving the Navigation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London: And whereas an Act was passed in the Eighth Year of the Reign of Her present Majesty, intituled An Act to enable the Mayor and Commonalty and 8&9Viet.c.i. Citizens of the City of London to raise a Sum of Money at a reduced Rate of Interest to pay off the Moneys now charged on the Tolls and Duties payable by virtue of several Acts for improving the Navigation of the River Thames Westward of London Bridge within the Liberties of the City of London, and to amend some of the said Acts: And whereas an Act was passed in the Thirty-ninth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act for rendering more com- 39 G. 3. modious and for better regulating the Port of London : And whereas c* x-an Act was passed in the Forty-second Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act to authorize the Advancement of 42 g. 3. further Sums of Money out of the Consolidated Fund for completing c. xlix. the Canal and other Works which, by an Act passed in the Thirty-ninth Year of His present Majesty's Reign, intituled 'An Act for ren-1 dering more commodious and for better regulating the Port o/Xondon,' were directed to be made and done by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London in Common Council assembled: And whereas an Act was passed in the Forty-third Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act to authorize the Advance- 43 G. 3. ment of further Sums of Money out of the Consolidated Fund, to be * CXX1V-applied in the Improvement of the Port of London by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London in Common Council assembled, and to empower the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury to purchase the legal Quays between London Bridge and the Tower of London : And whereas an Act was passed in the Forty-fifth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act to 45 G. 3. authorize the Advancement of further Sums of Money out of the Con- c" XU1 solidated Fund for completing the Canal and other Works directed to be made by an Act passed in the Thirty-ninth Year of His present Majesty, intituled lAn Act for rendering more commodious and for better regulating the Port of London:' And whereas an Act was passed in the Forty-seventh Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act to authorize the Advancement of further Sums 47G.3.sess.2. of Money out of the Consolidated Fund, to be applied in completing the Canal across the Isle of Dogs, and erecting other Works there, and for effecting other Improvements of the Port of London, in execution of certain Acts already passed for these Purposes : And whereas an Act was passed in the Tenth Year of the Reign of King George the Fourth, intituled An Act for altering and amending the Powers of 10 G. 4. an Act of the Thirty-ninth Year of the Reign of King George the c' CXX1V' Third, for rendering more commodious and for better regulating the Port 2348 20 & 21 VICTORIA, Cap.cxlvil The Thames Conservancy Act, 1857. Port o/Xondon: And whereas another Act was passed in the Tenth 10 G. 4. Year of the Reign of King George the Fourth, intituled An Act for the Sale of the City Canal, and for other Purposes relating thereto ; And whereas an Act was passed in the Session of Parliament holden in the Fourth and Fifth Years of the Reign of King William the 4 & 5 W. 4. Fourth, intituled An Act for reducing the Tonnage Rates payable in c"32, the Port of London: And whereas by the said recited Acts of Par- liament many additional Powers and Authorities for the better Conservation and the Improvement of the Navigation of the River Thames and the Port of London have from Time to Time been given and granted to and vested in the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, and in the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London in Common Council assembled, and in the Mayor for the Time being of the said City; and by the same Acts, or some of them, certain Tolls, Tonnage and Port and Harbour Dues, have from 'lime to Time been given and granted to and been received and taken by the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens for the Maintenance and Improvement of the said Rivers and Port, and of the Navigation thereof respectively : And whereas, under the Authority of the said Acts or some of them, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London in Common Council assembled have borrowed under the Common Seal of the said City various Sums of Money on the Credit of the said Tolls for the Maintenance and Improvement of the River Thames and of the Navigation thereof, and a large Amount of such Moneys remains now charged upon the Credit of the said Tolls: And whereas a Suit has been instituted by Her Majesty's Attorney General, on behalf of Her Majesty, against the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens, for the Purpose of ascertaining and determining the Rights of Her Majesty and of the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens in the Ground or Soil and Bed of the River Thames and the Shores thereof, so far as the Tide flows and reflows in...

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