sections 6, 7, 9, 41 and 82(1A)
sections 4, 5, 7 and 32
2006 No. 1073
The Education (Modification of Enactments Relating to Employment) (Wales) Order 2006
Made 5th April 2006
Laid before Parliament 18th April 2006
Coming into force 12th May 2006
The Secretary of State for Education and Skills makes the following Order, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 81(1) and 138(7) of the School Standards and Framework Act 19981.
In accordance with section 81 (2) of that Act she has consulted—
(a) such associations of local authorities,
(b) such bodies representing the interests of governors of foundation or voluntary schools, and
(c) such organisations representing staff in maintained schools,
as appeared to her to be concerned.
Citation, commencement, application and revocation
1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Education (Modification of Enactments Relating to Employment) (Wales) Order 2006 and shall come into force on 12th May 2006.
(2) This Order applies in relation to Wales.
(3) The Education (Modification of Enactments Relating to Employment) Order 19992is revoked3.
2.—(1) In this Order—
“the 1996 Act” means the Employment Rights Act 19964;
“the 1998 Act” means the School Standards and Framework Act 1998;
“the 2006 Regulations” mean the Staffing of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 20065;
“authority” means the local education authority by which a maintained school is, or a proposed school is to be, maintained;
“governing body” means the governing body of a school which is maintained by a local education authority;
“governing body having a right to a delegated budget” and “school having a delegated budget” have the same meaning as in Part 2 of the 1998 Act.
(2) In this Order references to employment powers are references to the powers of appointment, suspension, conduct and discipline, capability and dismissal of staff conferred by the 2006 Regulations.
General modifications of employment enactments
3.—(1) In their application to a governing body having a right to a delegated budget, the enactments set out in the Schedule have effect as if—
(a) any reference to an employer (however expressed) included a reference to the governing body acting in the exercise of its employment powers and as if that governing body had at all material times been such an employer;
(b) in relation to the exercise of the governing body’s employment powers, employment by the authority at a school were employment by the governing body of the school;
(c) references to employees were references to employees at the school in question;
(d) references to dismissal by an employer included references to dismissal by the authority following notification of a determination by a governing body under regulation 17(1) of the 2006 Regulations; and
(e) references to trade unions recognised by an employer were references to trade unions recognised by the authority or the governing body.
(2) Paragraph (1) does not cause the exemption in respect of an employer with fewer employees than is specified in section 7(1) of the Disability Discrimination Act 19956to apply (without prejudice to whether it applies irrespective of that paragraph).
4. Without prejudice to the generality of article 3, where an employee employed at a school having a delegated budget is dismissed by the authority following notification of such a determination as is mentioned in article 3(1)(d)—
(a) section 92 of the 1996 Act7has effect as if the governing body had dismissed him and as if references to the employer’s reasons for dismissing the employee were references to the reasons for which the governing body made its determination; and
(b) Part X of the 1996 Act8has effect in relation to the dismissal as if the governing body had dismissed him, and the reason or principal reason for which the governing body did so had been the reason or principal reason for which it made its determination.
5.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), a dispute between staff employed to work at a school having a delegated budget and the school’s governing body, which relates wholly or mainly to one of the matters set out in section 244(1) of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 19929is a trade dispute within the meaning of that Act.
(2) In any case where there is a trade dispute only by virtue of this article, nothing in section 219 of that Act10prevents an act from being actionable in tort where the inducement, interference or threat mentioned in that section relates to a contract the performance of which does not affect directly or indirectly the school over which the governing body in question exercises its functions.
Applications to Employment Tribunals
6.—(1) Without prejudice to articles 3 and 4, and despite any provision in the Employment Tribunals Act 199611and any regulations made under section 1(1) of that Act, this article applies in respect of any application to an employment tribunal, and any proceedings pursuant to such an application, in relation to which by virtue of article 3 or 4 a governing body is to be treated as if it were an employer (however expressed).
(2) The application must be made, and the proceedings must be carried on, against that governing body.
(3) Despite paragraph (2), any decision, declaration, order, recommendation or award made in the course of such proceedings except in so far as it requires reinstatement or re-engagement has effect as if made against the authority.
(4) Where any application is made against a governing body under paragraph (2)—
(a) the governing body must notify the authority within 14 days of receiving notification; and
(b) the authority, on written application to the employment tribunal, is entitled to be made an additional party to the proceedings and to take part in the proceedings accordingly.
Minister of State
Department for Education and Skills
5th April 2006
sections 6, 7, 9, 41 and 82(1A)
sections 4, 5, 7 and 32
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