The King against Eaton

JurisdictionEngland & Wales
CourtCourt of the King's Bench
Judgment Date28 November 1787
Date28 November 1787

English Reports Citation: 100 E.R. 155

IN THE COURT OF KING'S BENCH

The King against Eaton 1

[285] the king against eaton *. Wednesday, Nov. 28th, 1787. Upon a certiorari to remove a conviction by a justice of peace on the Deer Act (16 Geo. 3, c. 30) a return that the record is returned to the sessions, and that a copy is annexed to the writ, is sufficient. Justices ought in all cases to return convictions to the sessions, whether an appeal lies or not. Baldwin had moved to quash a return of a justice of peace to remove a conviction on the Deer Act (a); which return was that the defendant, after the conviction, having entered into a recognizance to try his appeal at the next Quarter Sessions, he the justice had returned the record of the conviction to the sessions, where it is filed of record, but be had annexed a copy to the writ. It was contended that the original ought to have been returned. Per Curiam: This return is sufficient; for upon the defendant's entering into a recognizance to try the appeal, it was the duty of the justices to return the original record of the conviction to the sessions : and besides, a certiorari in this instance was improper, the party having appealed to the sessions, and thereby made his election, according to the terms of the Act. And indeed where an Act gives a general form of conviction, as in this instance, the party can have no benefit from a certiorari, because the proceedings or examinations need not be returned, but the conviction only, which being general, cannot exhibit the error on the proceedings. And Buller, J. added-that a justice of peace ought in every instance to return...

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