The Sex Discrimination (Amendment of Legislation) Regulations 2008

2008 No. 963

Sex Discrimination

The Sex Discrimination (Amendment of Legislation) Regulations 2008

Made 1st April 2008

Coming into force in accordance with Regulation 1(1).

A draft of these Regulations was laid before Parliament in accordance with paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 2 to the European Communities Act 19721and was approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

The Lord Privy Seal, who is a Minister designated2for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 in relation to discrimination, in exercise of the powers conferred by that section makes the following Regulations:

S-1 Citation, commencement, extent and interpretation

Citation, commencement, extent and interpretation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Sex Discrimination (Amendment of Legislation) Regulations 2008 and come into force on the fifth day after the day on which they are made, or on 6th April 2008, whichever is the later.

(2) Regulations 2(1) and 4 extend to Great Britain only.

(3) Regulations 1(7), 2(2) and 5 extend to Northern Ireland only.

(4) Regulation 3 extends to England and Wales only.

(5) The remainder of these Regulations extend to the whole of the United Kingdom.

(6) In these Regulations—

the 1975 Act” means the Sex Discrimination Act 19753and;

“the 1976 Order” means the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 19764.

(7) The Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 19545shall apply to regulations 1(3), 2(2) and 5 and Schedule 2 as it applies to an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

S-2 Amendment of the 1975 Act and the 1976 Order

Amendment of the 1975 Act and the 1976 Order

2.—(1) The 1975 Act shall be amended in accordance with Schedule 1.

(2) The 1976 Order shall be amended in accordance with Schedule 2.

S-3 Amendment of the Public Heath Act 1936

Amendment of the Public Heath Act 1936

3. In subsection (3)(c) of section 87 of the Public Health Act 19366(provision of public conveniences) omit “, other than urinals,”.

S-4 Transitional provisions in respect of the 1975 Act

Transitional provisions in respect of the 1975 Act

4.—(1) The amendment made by paragraph 17 of Schedule 1 (burden of proof) shall not apply in relation to proceedings where the act complained of took place before the date on which these Regulations come into force.

(2) The amendment made by paragraph 18 of Schedule 1 (time for answering questions from aggrieved persons) shall not apply in the case of a question served on a respondent before the date on which these Regulations come into force.

(3) Section 45(3)(a)(iv) of the 1975 Act, inserted by paragraph 13 of Schedule 1 (insurance) shall not apply to contracts entered into before 22nd December 2008.

S-5 Transitional provisions in respect of the 1976 Order

Transitional provisions in respect of the 1976 Order

5.—(1) The amendment made by paragraph 17 of Schedule 2 (burden of proof) shall not apply in relation to proceedings where the act complained of took place before the date on which these Regulations come into force.

(2) The amendment made by paragraph 18 of Schedule 2 (time for answering questions from aggrieved persons) shall not apply in the case of a question served on a respondent before the date on which these Regulations come into force.

(3) Article 46(3)(a)(iv) of the 1976 Order, inserted by paragraph 13 of Schedule 2 (insurance), shall not apply to contracts entered into before 22 December 2008.

Barbara Follett

Parliamentary Secretary

Government Equalities Office

1st April 2008

SCHEDULE 1

Regulation 2(1)

Amendment of the 1975 Act

SCH-1.1

1. Indirect discrimination

In section 17(direct and indirect discrimination against women), after subsection (3)(a) insert—

“(aa)

“(aa) sections 29 to 31, except in so far as they relate to an excluded matter,”.

SCH-1.2

2. Discrimination on the grounds of gender reassignment

In section 2A8(discrimination on the grounds of gender reassignment), in subsection (1), after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)

“(aa) section 29, 30 or 31, except in so far as it relates to an excluded matter,”.

SCH-1.3

3. Pregnancy and maternity

(1) After section 3A9(discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or maternity leave) insert—

SCH-1.3B

Discrimination on the ground of pregnancy or maternity: goods, facilities, services or premises

3B.—(1) In any circumstances relevant for the purposes of a provision to which this subsection applies, a person discriminates against a woman if he treats her less favourably—

(a)

(a) on the ground of her pregnancy, or

(b)

(b) within the period of 26 weeks beginning on the day on which she gives birth, on the ground that she has given birth.

(2) A person (P) is taken to discriminate against a woman on the ground of her pregnancy if—

(a)

(a) P refuses to provide her with goods, facilities or services because P thinks that providing them would, because of her pregnancy, create a risk to her health or safety, or

(b)

(b) P provides or offers to provide them on conditions intended to remove or reduce such a risk because P thinks that provision of them without the conditions would create such a risk.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply if—

(a)

(a) it is reasonable for P to think as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b), and

(b)

(b) P applies an equivalent policy.

(4) An equivalent policy is—

(a)

(a) for the purposes of subsection (2)(a), refusing to provide the goods, facilities or services to persons with other physical conditions because P thinks that to do so would, because of such physical conditions, create a risk to the health or safety of such persons;

(b)

(b) for the purposes of subsection (2)(b), imposing conditions on the provision of goods, facilities or services to such persons which are intended to remove or reduce the risk to their health or safety because P thinks that the provision without the conditions would create such a risk.

(5) Subsection (1) applies to sections 29 to 31, except in so far as they relate to an excluded matter.”.

(2) In section 510(interpretation), subsection (1)(b), for “or 3A” substitute “, 3A or 3B”.

SCH-1.4

4. Goods, facilities or services

In section 29 (discrimination in provision of goods, facilities or services)—

(a) after subsection (2) insert—

SCH-1.2A

“2A It is unlawful in connection with the provision of goods, facilities or services to the public or a section of the public (except in so far as they relate to an excluded matter) for any person to subject to harassment—

(a) a woman who seeks to obtain or use those goods, facilities or services, or

(b) a woman to whom he provides those goods, facilities or services.”;

(b) in subsection (4)11omit “to vocational training”.

SCH-1.5

5. Premises

In section 30 (discrimination in disposal or management of premises)—

(a) after subsection (1) insert—

SCH-1.1A

“1A It is unlawful for such a person to subject to harassment a woman who applies for the premises.”;

(b) after subsection (2) insert—

SCH-1.2A

“2A It is unlawful for such a person to subject to harassment a woman who occupies the premises.”;

(c) after subsection (3) insert—

SCH-1.4

“4 Subsections (1A) and (2A) apply in relation to an application for or occupation of premises except in so far as they relate to an excluded matter.”.

SCH-1.6

6. Consent for assignment or sub-letting

In section 31 (discrimination: consent for assignment or sub-letting), subsection (1), for the words from “to discriminate” to the end substitute—

“(a)

“(a) to discriminate against a woman by withholding the licence or consent for disposal of the premises to her, or

(b)

(b) in relation to such a licence or consent, to subject to harassment a woman to whom the disposal would be made if the licence or consent were given.”.

SCH-1.7

7. Exception for voluntary bodies

In section 34 (exception for voluntary bodies), after subsection (4) insert—

SCH-1.5

“5 Subsections (2) to (4) do not apply to discrimination under section 1 or 2A in its application to sections 29 to 31 unless the treatment mentioned in those subsections is—

(a) a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim, or

(b) for the purpose of preventing or compensating for a disadvantage linked to sex.”.

SCH-1.8

8. Further exceptions from sections 29(1) and 30

In section 3512(further exceptions from sections 29(1) and 30)—

(a) in subsection (1) omit paragraphs (a) to (c) and insert “any of the conditions in subsections (1A) to (1C) is satisfied.”,

(b) after subsection (1) insert—

SCH-1.1A

“1A The condition is that the place is, or is part of—

(a) a hospital, or

(b) any other establishment for persons requiring special care, supervision or attention.

SCH-1.1B

1B The condition is that the place is (permanently or for the time being) occupied or used for the purposes of an organised religion, and the facilities or services are restricted to men so as to comply with the doctrines of that religion or avoid offending the religious susceptibilities of a significant number of its followers.

SCH-1.1C

1C The condition is that the facilities or services are provided for, or are likely to be used by, two or more persons at the same time, and—

(a) the facilities or services are such, or those persons are such, that male users are likely to suffer serious embarrassment at the presence of a woman, or

(b) the facilities or services are such that a user is likely to be in a state of undress and a male user might reasonably object to the presence of a female user.”.

(c) after subsection (2) insert—

SCH-1.2A

“2A In their application to discrimination falling within section 2A, subsections (1A), (1C) and (2) shall apply to the extent that any such discrimination is a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim.”, and

(d) in subsection (3)13, after “discrimination” (in each place where it occurs), insert “or harassment”.

SCH-1.9

9. Excluded matters

(1) After section 35 (further exceptions from sections 29(1) and 30) insert–

SCH-1.35ZA

Excluded matters

35ZA Each of the following is an excluded matter for...

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